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This will be an on going list. Although this list is not complete it will give a basic understanding of track jargon. Any suggestions that you may have, please e-mail me and I will add them to the list. A Abandoned A race meeting that has been cancelled. Usually there are insufficient nominations or bad weather which makes unsafe racing conditions. All bets are refunded. Abaxial Abaxial fracture occurs on the side of the sesamoid away from the ankle joint. Acceptor A runner officially listed to start in a race.
Accumulator or Parlay A multiple wager. All must win or all is lost. Across the Board Three wagers combined into one win, place, show. Acey-Deucey Jockeys with their stirrups at uneven levels the inside or left iron lower than the right, ride acey-deucey. Action A horse's manner of moving or way of going. Action A horse may be said to have "a smooth action".
Added Money Money added to a purse by the racing association or by sponsors, state-bred programs or other funds added to the money paid by horse owners as nomination, entry, sustaining and other fees. Added Weight A horse carrying more weight than the conditions of the race require, usually because the jockey exceeds the stated limit.
Age The age of a racehorse is recorded as beginning on January 1 of the year in which the horse is foaled born. Even if a horse is foaled December 31, it is considered 1 year old on January 1 breeding is planned to avoid this. This policy makes it easy to enforce the age restrictions that go with every race. Aged In reacing terms this usually refers to a horse of seven years or older, however, for other purposes in referring to the age of a horse "aged" refers to a horse that is 14 years or older.
Agent A person empowered to transact business of a stable owner or jockey. Also, a person empowered to sell or buy horses for an owner or breeder. Aired A workout wherein a horse runs as if it were only out for exercise. Aired Not running at best speed in a race. All Bet Means that you are using every horse in the race in some form of combination. All Out A horse who is trying to the best of his ability.
Also means a workout or race performance where a horse shows maximum exertion. All Clear Signified by a siren at the end of a race, the all clear means that the stewards deem the finishing order of horses is correct and bets may be paid out. It also means that no protest or objection has been made by the connections of any horse in the race. All Weather Racing Racing that takes place on an artificial surface. All-Age Race A race for two-year-olds and up. All-the-Way Win To lead from start to finish in a race.
Allowance Reduction in weight that a horse carries. Also Eligible Horse officially entered in a race, but not permitted to start unless field is reduced by scratch es. Also-Ran A horse that finishes out of the money first, second or third. Altered A horse that has been castrated gelded. Apical Fracture Fractures of the first phalanx are not uncommon in racehorses. They may be small "chip" fractures along the dorsal margin of the proximal joint surface, longitudinal fractures split pastern , or comminuted.
Apprentice Allowance Weight concession to an apprentice rider usually 10 pounds until the fifth winner, seven pounds until the 35th winner and five pounds for one calendar year from the fifth winner. Also, three pounds are sometimes permitted for an additional year when riding for original contract holder.
This rule varies from state to state. Apprentice Rider Bug Rider A student jockey. Approximates The approximate price a horse is quoted at before a race begins. Bookmakers use these approximates as a guide to set their boards. Arbitrage Where a variation in odds available allows a punter to back both sides and guarantee a win. Art Artificial Turf. Assistant Starter The employee of a horse racetrack who, under direct supervision of the starter, helps place the starting gate for a race, leads horses into the gate, helps jockeys and handles horses while in the gate until the start.
Assistant Trainer In many cases one trainer may have many horses under his care and these horses are spread out at several race tracks. Knowing a person can not be in two places at once, the Trainer will assign an assistant trainer to act in his absence. Ataxia Inability to walk, stand or maintain balance. Usually neurological. Horse often does not know where its legs are. At the Post A contest involving amateur riders where, in most cases, there is no wagering.
Ats Against The Spread. Attack To challenge the leading horse during a race, in an attempt to take the lead. An attack can sap the horse's energy, or even that of the leader, and may leave both of those horses with little in reserve for the finish.
Attendance The attendance figure at a given race track site usually includes the patrons that passed through the turnstiles, patrons that gained access with passes, and employees. Auxiliary Starting Gate A second starting gate used when the amount of horses in a race exceeds the capacity of the main starting gate. Average-Earnings Index Aei A breeding statistic that compares racing earnings of a stallion or mare's foals to those of all other foals racing at that time.
An AEI of 1. Also referred to as a juvenile. Baby Race A race for 2-year-olds, usually at short distances in the spring and summer. Also Juvenile Race. Back Straight The straight track that is the farthest away from the spectators and finish line or winning post.
Backside The stable and training area of a racetrack. Backstretch On the far side of the track it is the straight away. The straightaway opposite the homestretch, usually from the three-quarter-mile pole to the three-eighths pole.
Backward A horse that is too young or not conditioned. Bad actor A horse that repeatedly misbehaves and proves troublesome. Bandages In a race, bandages are sometimes used for support or protection. Bar shoe A protective horseshoe that has a bar enclosing it to help support the heel of the hoof. Bay A horse color, varying from tan to bright auburn, with the mane and tail black. Bear In or Out To deviate from a straight course. Beyer Number, or Speed Figure A quantitative measure of performance that appears in The Daily Racing Form, so-called because the numbers were refined and popularized by.
It is supposed to measure how fast a horse really ran, as opposed to just final times. The higher the number is supposedly better, with any number over being stellar. A word of caution though, it is far from infallible and should only be one of many tools used in handicapping. Bill Daly The lead, so named for a famous trainer who used to instruct jockeys to go to the lead at the start and improve their position.
Bismarck A favorite the bookmakers do not expect to win. Bit A stainless steel, rubber or aluminum bar attached to the bridle and fitting in the horse's mouth; used to guide and control the horse. Black The color of some horses. Black Type Boldface type used in sales catalogs to identify horses that have won or placed in stakes races.
Blanket Finish Horses finishing so closely in a race that they could be covered by a blanket. Blinkers A hood made of fabric, with cups sewn onto the eye openings. The hood is fitted to the horse's head. The cups force the horse to look straight ahead, removing any visual distractions during races. Bleeder A horse that bleeds after or during a workout or race; the result of a nasal hemorrhage caused from a ruptured throat vein.
The condition can sometimes be controlled, the effects mollified, with the diuretic Lasix Salix. Blew the Turn means the horse did not corner properly going into the turn, ran wide and most likely had a disastrous finish. This information is kept for many generations to prove a race horses bloodlines are pure. Blowout A brief usually 3 to 4 furlongs, or 0.
Bobble Bad step away from the starting gate. Boil-Over Reference to a longshot winner and unexpected outcome of a race. Also a reference to a heavy favorite losing. Bolt When a horse swerves sharply from the regular course, it is said to have bolted. To veer suddenly out of control. Bomber A reference to a long shot winner. A winner at high odds. Book 1 The group of mares bred to a stallion in a particular year. Bounce An unusually poor performance following an unusually good one.
Bowed Tendon Severe strain of the superficial flexor tendon between the knee and ankle, so named because of the bowed appearance resulting from swelling. Box Seat To sit right behind the front runners, in a perfect position. Boxed or Boxed In Surrounded by horses with no where to go. Lacked running room during the race. Bounce After a big race a horse is run again within a short period of time and regresses. Brace Bandages Resilient bandages on the legs of horses worn in some cases in an effort to support lame legs, worn in other cases to protect a horse from cutting and skinning its legs while racing.
Breaking When a horse leaves its gait and breaks into a gallop, it is breaking. A trotter or pacer must remain on that gait in a race. Breeder The breeder of a horse is considered to be the owner of its dam, at the time of service. Breeze Breezing An easy workout under stout restraint by the exercise rider to stabilize an already sharp horse's condition between engagements. Break Start of a race. Breakage The money the track retains after the payoffs are rounded off to a nickel or dime on the dollar.
An extra little fee for the track. Breakdown A horse that suffers a serious injury is said to break down. Break Maiden Winning for the first time. Breeder Owner of a pregnant mare at the time she delivers the foal baby horse of either sex. Breeders' Cup Multi-Race event held at the end of the year in America to determine the champion horses by divisions.
The finale is the featured Breeders Cup Classic which often determines the horse of the year. Millions of dollars are up for grabs in these Breeders Cup races. Bridge Jumper Someone who wagers a large sum, usually to show, on a short-priced favorite; so called because of the immediate impulse that follows the loss of such a wager.
Broke Down Suffered an injury during the race. Usually a break or something similar. Broke In Air Came out of the starting gate with his front legs up high and off balance. Lunged up high at the break. Broke Poorly Was away slowly from the starting gate. Did not break with the field. Brushing This occurs when a horse strikes the fore or hind leg with the opposite one. The results are a cut near the joints of a fetlock.
Bucked Shins Inflammation to the area covering the front of the cannon bone; common among young horses in training. Bug Boy An apprentice jockey, so-called because of the "bug" or asterisk denoting the 5-pound weight allowance in the official program. Bullet Workout The fastest workout of the morning at a particular distance. Bullring A small racetrack with tight turns. Bute Short for phenylbutazone, an anti-inflammatory medication. Buzzer A handheld device similar to a cattle prod that can be hidden inside a jockeys whip or equipment.
Basically a way for the jockey to try and cheat by jolting his mount. The term originated in the days of bookmakers, when the odds were written on slates with chalk. Calks, or Mud Calks aka Stickers Cleat-like projections on the rear shoes, often used to prevent slipping on a muddy surface. Check To slow a horse momentarily to avoid traffic or collision. Check Rein A line running from the bit to the top of the horse's head, then to the saddle hook to keep a horse's head up.
Trotters and pacers commonly race with heads high to maintain a balanced, reaching stride. Chefs-de-race Prepotent sires that have been especially influential. The chefs are classified as brilliant, intermediate, classic, solid and professional, according to whether their influence is predominantly speed or stamina. Chestnut 1 A horse color that can vary from red-yellow to deep red. Circuit A geographical grouping of tracks whose race meetings are coordinated to run in succession. Chute The straightaway entering onto the main oval track for races at 6 furlongs, 1.
Also used in quarter-horse racing. Climbing A Thoroughbred is said to be climbing when striding in an unnatural, upward fashion, not reaching out forward as in a coordinated gait. Claiming Race A race in which the horses are literally for sale. Any claims must be made before the race, and the new owner assumes possession following the race. Claim Box The box in which claim certificates are deposited. Class Class is the quality of competition that the horse competes in. A horse that is said to be "the Class" or "Classy" will be the one that has raced against the best competition previously.
A graded stakes winner fits the bill as a Classy individual. Back Class Means that the horse has prior experience against quality runners and therefore should be respected. Classic Used to refer to a few traditionally significant races, such as the Kentucky Derby. Clerk of Scales The official who oversees the riders' "weighing out" of the jockeys' room for a race and afterward their "weighing in" to assure the horses carry the proper weight.
Clocker The clocker times a horse's workouts, and these times are published for the benefit of the public. Almost all workouts are taken early in the morning during training hours. Closer A horse that does its best running in the closing stages of a race. Clubhouse Turn The turn after the finish line. Colic Abdominal pain, often caused by a twist or obstruction in the intestine; the leading cause of death in horses. Condition Book The book that sets forth the possible races with their conditions for which horses can be entered.
Conformation A horse's physical makeup. Consolation Double A daily double payoff for the winner of the first race with a late scratch in the second. Colors The jockey's silk or nylon jacket and cap provided by the owner. Racing silks. Colt An ungelded male horse 4 years old or younger. Cool Out Return to normal body temperature after a workout or race. Coupled Two horses are coupled when they run as an entry, or single betting interest. Coupled Entry Two or more horses belonging to the same owner or trained by the same person are said to be coupled, and they run as an entry comprising a single betting unit.
Their program number, regardless of post position, would be "1" and "1A. Crab Bit A bit with prongs extending at the horse's nose. Its purpose is to tip the horse's head up and help prevent it from ducking its head, bowing its neck, and pulling hard on the rein.
Cribber A horse that habitually grips objects with its teeth and sucks air into its stomach. Crop 1 A group of horses born in the same year. A type of whip used to make the horse go faster. Cross Where a jockey joins the reins is his or her "cross. Cuppy Track condition characterized by a loose surface. Also an overused excuse by many trainers of why their horse ran poorly.
Cushion The loose top surface of the racetrack. Cut Down Horse suffering from injuries from being struck by the shoes of another horse. A horse may cut itself down because of a faulty stride. Daily Racing Form Daily publication that includes past performances and charts. Dam The female parent. Dark day A day of no racing. Dark Horse A term used to reference a horse that may have a chance to win the race, yet is flying slightly under the radar of most prognosticators.
Dash A race decided in a single trial. Dead Heat When the photo finish camera shows two horses inseparable at the finish, the race is declared a dead heat or tie. Dead Money A horse that looks hopeless with no chance of winning the race. Declaration Withdrawing an entered horse from a race before the closing of overnight entries.
A horse that has been withdrawn is said to have been declared. A born loser. Derby A stakes race exclusively for 3-year-olds. Disqualification A change in the order of finish, by the stewards' ruling and often following an objection or inquiry, because of a rules infraction.
Distaff Female; e. Distanced So badly beaten as to lose contact with the field. DNF Stands for did not finish the race. Pulled up, eased or broke down. Dogs Cones or wooden barriers used to prevent horses from working or galloping close to the inner rail, usually used following heavy rains. Dosage Index DI In the dosage system, the ratio of speed to stamina in a horse's pedigree A low number suggests an inclination toward stamina.
Dosage System Pedigree analysis based on the presence of chefs-de-race in the first four generations; popularized in recent years by Steven Roman. Driver A driver is the person holding a license or permit to drive harness horses. There are different types of licenses, which correspond to differing levels of experience. Drop Moving down in class. Dropped Foaled.
Dwelt Remained in the starting gate long after the jockey, starter and prudence suggested leaving. Needed on high-gaited trotters. Exacta Picking the first two finishers in a race in exact order. Field Horses Two or more horses coupled as one betting interest. A field appears when there are more than ten entries in a race. Horse number 10 on the program and over are the field. A bet on one field horse is bet on all field horses.
Filly A female horse between 2 and 3 years of age. Often designated as f. Flipping A term used to describe the act of throwing up food. Many jockies use this as a means to lower their weight before getting on the scale before a race. It is not advised as it can lead to some really bad health problems.
Foul Any action by any jockey that tends to hinder another jockey or any horse in the proper running of the race. Free-for-All Horses or races for such horses that have won considerable money and must race in fast classes. Means "free for all to enter and open to all horses, regardless of earnings. Furlong A measure of distance. Futurity Two year olds only.
It is a stakes race. Causes stumbling and loss of stride. Grab a Quarter Injury to the back of the hoof or foot caused by a horse stepping on itself usually affects the front foot. Being stepped on from behind in the same manner, usually affects the back foot. A very common injury during racing. Generally, the injury is minor. Gaiting Strap A special strap that is attached to the sulky to keep the horse travelling straight on his gait.
Often a pacer will swing from right to left. Green Horse A trotter or pacer that has never raced in public and against time. Head Pole An aid used to the keep the horse's head straight. It is usually fixed alongside the horse's head and neck.
Heat One trip in a race that will be decided by winning two or more trials. Hind Shin Boots Guards on the hind legs leather or neoprene that protect cuts and bruises from the front shoes grazing the hind legs. This often happens with over striding or over reaching. Sometimes the word forging is used. This is usually over reaching from back to front.
Hobbles A hobble is a device that prevents or limits the locomotion of a human or an animal, by tethering one or more legs. Although hobbles are most commonly used on horses, they are sometimes used also on other animals. On dogs, they are used especially during force-fetch training to limit the movement of a dog's front paws when training it to stay still. They are made from leather, rope or synthetic materials such as nylon and Neoprene. There are various designs for breeding, casting and mounting horses.
Hobbles can be an extremely useful tool in horse training if used properly. I Impost Weight assessment. In the Money Usually applied to a horse coming in first, second or third place. This often includes the fourth and fifth place, also, because they receive purse money. Inquiry An objection about the winners of the race which is usually made by the stewards or jockey. These objections are usually about interference. It is heavier than a sulky. It is also more comfortable for the rider.
Jogging A slow warm up or exercise going the wrong direction on the track. Knee Spavin Bony growth at back of knee on inner side. Knees Sprung or Sprung at the Knees This is a conformation fault where the knees are bent forward when viewed from the side and are unsteady.
Key Horse or Pea Horse A single horse used in multiple combinations in an exotic wager. Lifetime Wins The number of wins at licensed Trotting Meetings that the horse has accumulated during its lifetime. Lactic Acid Organic acid normally present in muscle tissue, produced by anaerobic muscle metabolism as a by-product of exercise.
An increase in lactic acid causes muscle fatigue, inflammation and pain. Lame The term used to describe a horse which is limping or has difficulty walking properly. It can also be caused by conformation defects. Lameness Off The horse's stride is uneven. This is often checked at the trot. Watching the horse's head movement can often give information as to which leg is lame.
Lameness is any alteration of the horse's gait. Such abnormalities can be caused by pain in the neck, withers, shoulders, back, loin, hips, legs, or feet. Identifying the source of the problem is essential to proper treatment. Laminitis An inflammation of the sensitive laminae of the foot. There are many factors involved, including changes in the blood flow through the capillaries of the foot.
Many events can cause laminitis, including ingesting toxic levels of grain, eating lush grass, systemic disease problems, high temperature, toxemia, retained placenta, excessive weight-bearing as occurs when the opposite limb is injured, and the administration of some drugs. Laminitis usually manifests itself in the front feet, develops rapidly, and is life-threatening.
In mild cases, however, a horse can resume a certain amount of athletic activity. Laminitis is the disease that caused the death of Secretariat. Also known as "founder. Laminitis Founder Laminitis is an inflammation of the sensitive laminae that are found on the inside of the wall of the hoof.
It usually affects both forelegs at the same time. When the condition first occurs, the circulation in the foot is impeded and the hoses is in great pain. If the circulation is not re-established in 24 hours, the sole of the foot will usually drop and the horse will become a chronic cripple. Lasix A drug given to horses in proper dosages, upon approval of the Stewards, to control bleeding through the nostrils of horses as a result of exertion. Last Half The time recorded by a horse during the last half of the last mile travelled in a race.
It is equal to the combined time recorded in the third and fourth sectionals or quarters. Late Change This term refers to any change in a race after the official program has been printed. Late Double A second daily double offered during the latter part of the program. The Daily Double is a wager on two races. You must select the winner of each race on one ticket, which you must purchase prior to the running of the first of the two races selected.
Late Money This term is used to define money that has been bet within five minutes to post. Late Scratch This term refers to a horse withdrawn from a race after the official program has been printed. Late Scratching A horse which is scratched from a race after acceptances have been declared.
Any trainer who scratches a horse after acceptance time without an acceptable reason may be penalised by the Stewards. Too much sweat is considered a bad sign before the start of a race, may indicate a nervous horse. Lay To occupy a certain running position deliberately, while waiting to make a strategic move. Lay Up A period of time in which a race horse is sent away from the racetrack to rest. Layoff An extended period of time where a horse is stopped from racing and usually shipped to a farm for rest, breeding or rehabilitation.
Lead Lead weights carried in the pockets on both sides of the saddle, used to make up the difference between the actual weight of the jockey and the weight the horse has been assigned to carry during the race. Lead Pad Equipment placed under the saddle that allows lead weights to be placed so that the horse carries the assigned weight for a race.
This makes up the difference when a rider weighs less than the poundage a horse is assigned to carry. Lead Time The time it takes for a horse to travel from the start of the race to the beginning of the last mile m. For instance, in a m race, the lead time would be recorded during the first m A slow lead time may advantage those horses at the front, while a fast lead time may advantage horses racing at the rear of the field.
Lead [Led] Lead weights carried in pockets on both sides of the saddle, used to make up the difference between the actual weight of the jockey and the weight the horse has been assigned to carry during the race. Lead leed Pony Any horse or pony that leads the parade of the field from paddock to starting gate, a horse or pony which accompanies a starter to the starting gate. This term can also be used as a verb; He was ponied to the gate. Leader The horse which is out in front or leading during a race.
This term may also be applied to a horse which most commonly wins races when in a leading position. Leasing As opposed to buying a harness horse, people have the option of leasing one. Just like some people lease a car instead of paying the money up-front, leasing a horse gives people use of a horse without large capital outlay.
An agreement or contract must be drawn up between the two parties, and the lease must be registered with the relevant controlling body. Leasing also is done between parties outside of racing for different types of mounts and disciplines.
Leg Lock This is when a jockey illegally hooks legs with another rider, impeding the other horse. The rider springs onto the horse with the help of an upward lift. Care has to be taken by the rider to gently come down on the horse's back, a jockey having a mount or to strengthen a horse's legs through exercise.
Length A unit of measurement in racing. In horse racing, a length is theoretically the distance from the horse's nose to the tip of its flying tail, approximately feet. In greyhound racing, a length is approximately. Let Up Another term for a spell, however, a let-up usually refers to a short break, not a lengthy spell in the paddock. Ligament A band of fibrous tissue connecting bones, which serve to support and strengthen joints and to limit the range of motion. There are also ligaments that support certain organs.
Line Pedigree; male side of the pedigree as contrasted with family, or female side. This is also used as a slang term for the odds on a horse. Live Weight The weight of a jockey that a horse carries versus dead weight such as lead pad, which does not move with the horse's action.
Loose Horse A horse that continues running after losing rider. This is also used as a slang term to refer to a person of inconsistent mannerisms. Loose Rein A horse on a loose rein is one which is allowed to run freely, without any pressure from the driver to speed up or slow down.
Lug The action of a horse that tends to veer away from steering pressure exerted on either rein. Lugging In and Out A horse who pulls on the reins to the inside or the outside. The way of going should be straight. This action of a tires the horse. Lugging and Pulling The pulling on the reins by a horse. It makes it difficult for the jockey to drive or ride the race. Lunge or Longe A horse that is rearing and plunging.
A method of exercising a horse on a tether or lunge line. Maiden Claiming A claiming race specified for horses that have never won a race. Maiden Claiming Race A horse race for non-winners who are eligible to be claimed. Maiden race A race for race animals that have never won a race. Maiden Race For horses that have never won. Once a thoroughbred wins a race, it must progress to another category. Mare's Month September. In theory, because mares that have not run well during the summer often "wake up" in September.
Markings Any unique configurations found on a horses body used for identification are referred to as markings. These markings may be spots on the body, white hairs in the coat, white hairs at the base of the tail, brands, or scars, etc. Martingale A strap that prevents the horse from tossing his head or raising his head too high to rear.
There are several kinds a running martingale, standing martingale, etc. They are straps that run from the girth to the reins. Maturity A race for four-year-olds in which entries are make before their birth. A horse is eligible for a Sires' Stakes series or race if his or her sire was at stud in that particular State where the horse was conceived. Metacarpal Fracture Usually refers to a fracture of the cannon bone, located between the knee and the fetlock joint in the front leg.
Also may refer to a fracture of the splint bone. Mile Rate A calculation for each race distance is applied to the overall time of a race, so as to give a comparison to a mile. It is the approximate time the pacer would have run, had the distance been one mile m. The overall race time is multiplied by and then divided by the metre length of the race.
It is commonly referred to as the Melbourne Cup of harness racing. A mobile barrier consists of two folding arms attached to a motor vehicle. The horses in a race follow the barrier as it gathers speed, until the arms fold back and a start is affected. The vehicle then speeds away out of the path of the horses. At most tracks, six horses are permitted to start abreast from the mobile barrier, with the remaining runners starting behind them on the second row.
Monkey-on-a-Stick Type of riding with short stirrups popularized by old-time riding great Tod Sloan. Monorchid, Cryptorchid or Ridgling A male horse of any age that has only one testicle in his scrotum-the other testicle was either removed or is undescended.
Moon Blindness Periodic Ophthalmia This is a disease of the eyes where recurrent attacks usually cause blindness. The condition is not contagious and is generally thought to be inherited. Morning Glory A horse who races well in the morning but does not run as well later in the day. Morning Line A forecast on betting. Probable odds on each horse in a race, as determined by a mathematical formula used by the track handicapper, who tries to gauge both the ability of the horse and the likely final odds as determined by the bettors.
Muddy or Muddy Track Deep condition of racetrack after being soaked with water. Horses who run will on wet tracks are generally referred to as mudders. Musculoskeletal System Consisting of the bones, muscles, ligaments, tendons and joints of the head, vertebral column and limbs, together with the associated muscles, tendons, ligaments and joints.
Mutuel Clerk An employee of the racetrack that except the patrons money and issues the betting ticket. Rules on entries vary from state to state. They can be no longer than 18 characters, including punctuation and spaces. The words "the," "and," "by," "for," "in" and "a" are almost always lower case unless they are the first word in the name.
Nasogastric Tube A long tube that is capable of reaching from the nose to the stomach. Navicular Bone A small, flat bone within the confines of the hoof that helps-along with the short pastern bone and the coffin bone-to make up the coffin joint.
Navicular Disease This is an ulcerated condition of a small bone called the navicular bone that lies across the rear of the hoof. It acts as a pulley for the flexor tendon. It is usually seen to affect both forelegs at the same time. The removal of the heel nerves is the usual method of treatment.
Near Side The left side of a horse, the side on which a horse is mounted. The "far side" referes to opposite side of the horse or right side. Neck A unit of measurement in racing about a quarter of a length, about the length of a race animal's neck. Nerve To remove a nerve, eliminating pain but not the infirmity that causes it. Illegal in major racing. Nerved Operation that severs vital nerve to enable horses to race without pain.
Illegal in most jurisdictions. Nerving A surgical procedure in which the nerve supply to the navicular area is removed. The toe and remainder of the foot have feeling. Also referred to as "posterior digital neurectomy," "heel nerve," or as "nerving. Netlon Brand name for a plastic mesh which is mixed into the soil of a turf course. The grass roots grow around and through the mesh, helping to prevent divoting, especially in wet weather.
Neurectomy A surgical procedure in which the nerve supply to the navicular area is removed. Night Eye s or Chestnut s There are a number of different uses of the word chestnut when it comes to horses. A horse color which may vary from a red-yellow to golden-yellow. The mane, tail and legs are usually variations of coat color, except where white markings are present. Chestnuts area also horny, irregular growths found on the inside of the legs. On the forelegs, they are just above the knees. On the hind legs, they are just below the hocks.
No two horses have been found to have the same chestnuts and so they may be used for identification. Chestnuts are also called "night eyes. Scientists believe that about 50 million years ago the first known ancestor of the horse, Eohippus, had four padded toes on the front legs and three padded toes on the back legs. Nod Lowering of head. To win by a nod, a horse extends its head with its nose touching the finish line ahead of a close competitor.
Nominator One who owns a horse at the time it is named to compete in a stakes race. Non Starter A horse which has failed to come within a reasonable distance of the mobile barrier may be declared as a non-starter of the race by the starter or Stewards. All bets placed on a horse which is later declared as a non-starter, are refunded. Non-Sweater Anhydrosis is the nability to sweat in response to work output or increases in body temperature.
Also known as a "non-sweater. Most commonly occurs when both the temperature and humidity are high. Horses raised in temperate regions and then transported to hot climates are most prone to develop the condition but even acclimated horses can be at risk. Clinical signs include inability to sweat, increased respiratory rate, elevated body temperature and decreased exercise tolerance.
The condition can be reversed if the horse is moved to a more temperate climate. Nose Band A leather strap that goes over the bridge of a horse's nose to help secure the bridle. A "figure eight" nose band goes over the bridge of the nose and under the rings of the bit to help keep the horse's mouth closed.
This keeps the tongue from sliding up over the bit and is used on horses that do not like having a tongue tie used. Objection A verbal or written statement against the eligibility of a horse for a particular race, or one made against the judge's placings in a race, after the all clear has been signalled as opposed to a protest, in which the complaint is lodged before the all clear has been signalled.
Objection Sign A sign displayed on the tote board to indicate a foul has been claimed. Odds Number indicating amount of profit per dollar to be paid to holders of winning pari-mutuels tickets. Odds Board A large signboard in the infield in front of the grandstand where the odds are posted, usually in lights. Other information may be listed, all part of the tote board. Odds-on Odds of less than even money. In England it is simply called "on," thus a horse " on" is actually at odds of Odm Outside draw mobiles.
Horses which are required to requalify before competing again in registered races, may also be excluded from the barrier draw for future events and classified ODM, which means it will automatically be drawn in an outside barrier such as barrier ten off the second row.
A trainer may also request that a horse be declared ODM if they believe it is in the best interests of the horse and other runners. Ods Outside draw stands. Similar to ODM, but in relation to standing start events. Off the Board When the odds against a horse are more that ; failure to finish in the money. Off-Track A racing surface that is not fast - muddy, sloppy, holding, binding or soft. Usually means a wet surface. Off-Track Betting Wagering at legalized betting outlets usually run by the tracks, management companies specializing in parimutuel wagering, or, in New York State, by independent corporations chartered by the state.
Wagers at OTB sites are usually commingled with on-track betting pools. Official Margins The length each horse in a race finished behind the winner, as determined by the judge. Official margins between the first and second placegetter, and second and third placegetter, are displayed for public viewing at the paceway. Officials Persons licensed by the state to ensure the rules of racing are enforced.
Oiled Oiling Administration of mineral oil via nasogastric tube to relieve gas or pass blockage. Preventative procedure commonly used in long van rides to prevent impaction with subsequent colics. On the Bit When a horse is eager to run. Also known as "in the bridle. On the Pace A horse which is keeping up with the runner which is determining the speed of the race.
It means it's right up there with a good chance of winning. In contrast, a horse which is just off the pace, is one which is slightly out of touch, but still has some chance of winning. On the Paint A horse racing very close to the inside running rail, almost scraping the paint off the rails so to speak. One Back The runners behind the leader and the death horse are referred to as being one back. The horses behind these runners would be two back and so on. Open Out The runners behind the horse in the one-one position are normally referred to as being one out and two, three or four back etc, depending on its position.
Similarly, a horse racing on the outside of the horse in the one-one, would be classified as being two out, a runner outside of this horse would be three out and so on. The runners behind the horse in the one-one position are normally referred to as being one out and two, three or four back etc, depending on its position. Open Bridle A bridle with no blinds or blinkers.
There is no impairment of vision. Open Class Horses, generally four years of age and older, which compete in races open to the most well-performed horses. Open Knee A condition of young horses in which the physis of the knee has not closed; an immature knee. Often used to describe the status of the physis immediately above the knee and is an indicator of long bone growth in two-year-olds. Open Race A race with wide open eligibility conditions, permitting entry of a wide variety of horses.
Optional Claimer A race for horses entered to be claimed at a fixed price or a price within a limited range. Out of Position A horse which is not in its designated barrier position at the start of a mobile event is deemed to have been out of position at the start. Out of the Money When a horse does not finish in the first three for the bettors.
Outrider The person who leads the post parade at a horse racetrack and gets the horses and jockeys to the starting gates on time. The outriders also catch any loose horses on the track. Outside Draw The barrier positions furthest away from the inside running rail. For instance, in a ten horse standing start event, barrier six on the front line or barrier ten on the second line, would be considered an outside draw.
Outside Drive A driver who regularly drives for his own stable, or that of another trainer, who is employed to drive a pacer for someone else, is considered to have picked up an outside drive. Outstanding Ticket A winning pari-mutuel ticket that has not yet been cashed; also known as uncashed tickets or outs.
Overall Time This is the time taken to complete the distance of the race, as opposed to the mile rate. Overgirth An elastic band that goes completely around a horse, over the saddle, to keep the saddle from slipping. Overlay or Underlay A horse's odds are greater or less than those estimated by the track's official morning line maker. Overnight The sheet available to horsemen at the racing secretary's office showing the entries, post positions, weights and jockeys for the next race day.
Entries close 72 hours or less before the post time of a race. Overnight Race A race in which entries close a specific number of hours before running such as 48 hours , as opposed to a stakes race for which nominations close weeks and sometimes months in advance.
Overnight Stake A race designed by the racing secretary for the local race horse. These races usually have smaller purses and small nominating fees. Overpay A case where the price paid to winning ticket-holders is more than the correct price, due to computer or human error. Owner Sole owner, part owner, or lessee of a horse.
PD usually means the that the slowest assessed horses may be drawn from the inside to the outside. Preferential Draw on Age Indicates the computer shall draw for the youngest age first. Preferential Draw Handicappers Discretion Indicates the handicapper will apply a form of barrier draw for the computer to complete.
Preferential Draw on Lifetime Wins Indicates the computer shall draw for the least number of wins first progressively up to the most number of wins. Preferential Draw on Sex Indicates the computer shall draw for fillies and mares first and other horses draw for thereafter.
Preferential Draw on this Season's Wins Indicates the computer shall draw for the least number of wins this season first progressively up to the most number of wins this season. First progressively up to the highest winning prizemoney this season. Preferential Draw Within Conditions Indicates the computer will ignore 2YO wins in a horse's career when effecting a barrier draw that excludes 2YO wins.
Pacing Pacing is a 'laterial' gait in which the horse moves the legs on the same side back and forward together. Most pacers wear 'hopples' - straps connecting the legs on the same side. Pacing, or 'ambling', is a natural gait for some breeds of horse as well as giraffes and camels and is faster than trotting by roughly 3 seconds per mile. Pacers are also less likely to 'break,' so they are more popular with punters than trotters, where the two gaits exist.
As a result pacing dominates harness racing in the English-speaking world. Paddle Toe In - A conformation flaw in which the front of the foot faces in and looks pigeon-toed, often causing the leg to swing outward during locomotion "paddling".
Paddock Approximately 25 minutes before they race, horses are brought from the barn area to the Paddock. They are led to a row of stalls where they are inspected and identified by track officials, ensuring that the correct horses run in the race. After they have been inspected, the horses are saddled and led to a walking ring where owners, trainers and jockeys await them. Paddock Judge In horse racing, the racing official responsible for getting jockeys and horses in order to go to the starting gate; also checks the equipment used by each horse and supervises the saddling of the horses.
In greyhound racing, the racing official responsible for supervising the leadouts, identifying greyhounds, and checking muzzles and blankets. Pari-Mutuels A form of wagering that originated in France in which all money bet is divided up among those who have winning tickets, after taxes, takeout and other deductions are made. Parimutuel A form of wagering that originated in France in which all money bet is divided up among those who have winning tickets, after taxes, takeout and other deductions are made.
Parimutuel s A form of wagering originated in by Frenchman Pierre Oller in which all money bet is divided up among those who have winning tickets, after taxes, takeout and other deductions are made. Oller called his system "parier mutuel" meaning "mutual stake" or "betting among ourselves.
Parlay A multi-race bet in which all winnings are subsequently wagered on each succeeding race. Part Used by the International Cataloguing Standards Committee to separate races from different countries for sales cataloguing purposes. Part Wheel Using a key horse or horses in different, but not all possible, exotic wagering combinations. Past Performances A compilation in Daily Racing Form of a horse's record, including all pertinent data, as a basis for handicapping.
Patrol Judge A racing official strategically located at different location on the racetrack to observe the horses and jockeys while they race and report any infraction to the stewards. Patrol Judges Officials who observe progress of race from various vantage points around the track. Pattern Race Group Races An elite group of races.
A provisional group one race is one that has a history of less than ten years. A group two race is a handicap, free-for-all or classic event of major or State importance, where with the exception of Sires' Stakes Finals, the primary eligibility of horses is not restricted by any conditions.
Shempy Omg I want to vomit just reading that lol. She gives her list of horses But this Prince Of Penzance thing should be carting manure, so maybe you should put something else instead" Dandaman On the last day of the flemington carnival last year in the 3yo fillies race I took sweet sherry to win with 4 horses to run 2nd -4th. Sweet sherry ran nowhere and the other 4 ran the first 4. Paid about 40k Jennifer Lyn, brulee and can't remember the others wallers thing won it I think.
I cannot remember the name of the horse in the last leg that got beaten by a nostril but I will always remember the name of the horse that knocked me off Richard Cranium. Punkyboi Years ago I had a qauddie at Flemington. Hay list won easy. They fought it out for the last m n I counted the money numerous times but zipping just didn't give in My Dad who, can you believe, never got a quaddie in his life - went halves in one with my brother.
Would have been massive. Got beat when Rubiton left his run on the training track at 3s on I think. If it wasn't 3s on it became that in the telling. SamsonSundown About 6 months ago a bookie who has since banned me because I occasionally win put up false odds of 18s on Lucky Hussler at The Heath over Yes false odds.
It should have been fav. I carefully got set for , then , finally before the odds disappeared. The Hussler ran you guessed second and should have won by 3. Up until race start I kept on expecting them to cancel the bets. Would have been great to have been 'Up to the challenge' and have beaten this bookie. They banned me not long after. Scratched at the Barrier. Best one one though. Razor wins so it's a good result, with FC in a photo for 2nd after being a clear second just short of the line.
Yep, got nutted by Ideal Planet also at big odds. Jockey M Pay said he had 2nd but the horse stargazed the last bit as he was out in the middle of the track on his own. Olly rode her stone cold out of the barriers and in an anti-climax she was never in the hunt. Manighar19 Derby day a few years ago. Mate and me went halves in a quaddie. Then Got a text from another mate who said he had the inside word on Five and a half star for the derby. Naturally we had overlooked it and it stormed down the straight to win.
And of course we cleaned up the last leg too. Why couldn't I have got that text 2 hours earlier?!?? Cliffbruce An oldie but a goodie. Our Poetic Prince was first past the post in but relegated to second after a successful protest by Brent Thomson aboard the maiden Marwong. Brent yelled at Harris "I'm going to tell on you. You will get into trouble for what you said.
Marwong became much travelled and enjoyed giving rides to children at country fairs and beating the occasional donkey in match races to entertain the circus crowds. They finish 1st 2nd 3rd and 4th. However, being at the track I don't consider to take them in a first four. I still haven't got over it. Melbourne Cup day a few years back. My recollection is the last race had just eight starters. So, I had to listen on the radio, old school.
As they reached the turn, the three horses I didn't have were first, second and third. And from the top of the straight to the winning post, I listened in dismay as they were the only three fighting out the finish. Not one of my five ever featured in the call as a chance. The forty minutes prior to the race was filled with dreams of the days ahead. The thirty seconds down the running was like watching a souffle collapse. Popular Stories Wash-up.
Saturday flops and excuses. Australia's most experienced maiden retires winless. Out of form. All-Star aspirant Mystic Journey beaten again. CF Orr Stakes day in review. Goes like an Oakleigh Plater. Popular News Stories Saturday flops and excuses. Ole Kirk likely to bypass Guineas. Ten nominated for G1 Lightning Stakes.
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The favourite ran 2nd, the 2nd favourite ran 3rd and the trifecta paid Sweet FA! To rub it in the phone started ringing immediately after the race. I just had a look on the sky result archive and the official dividends were RollingstoneRox I put on such a stink that they threw me out.
The bookies stood to lose millions on that result and I still reckon they got to him somehow. Haven't taken an all in long range double since. Details are a bit sketchy but, we got the stand out up on protest, Bianca won the cup. Didn't have the 2 favorites and was about 14 in the field. Anyway 3 of our horses are fighting it out including our best result which was about k collect, it was in the bag Sugarwillkillyou Melbourne cup day For those that dont play trixies its essentially 3 singles, 3 doubles and 1 treble.
Second leg was the now infamous wine tales who ran 5th but upon watching the replay looked a certainy beaten. To this day i havent bothered to work it out what it would have been if wine tales got the job done but as the years went by i figured wine tales may well have pulled up anyway if he ever got out. NoCure4Life I'll take a good tale of woe over a winning punter story any day! The money you lose is the price of the tale you get to retell ad infinitum. Addington Yesterday I liked only two horses at Doomben Single Gaze and Snitty Kitty so spent 5k and took them both into the Brumbies last night to coin a 40k result U guessed it third place was a photo finish between kaapstad way and secong coming and unfortunately the on ei picked in my single bet prevailed A at that time but my sister listened and got a nice double over in pommy land.
Muzdaher led virtually all the way until very last bob of the head, think it was back in front just after, quaddy ranging from k up to 1. Wayne Hokai was aboard. Being she was 's and I was skint of course I broke the golden rule and meekly asked for my ten bucks back. This is where it goes on to win right? Ha no! Lucky for me she ran the race of her life to be beaten into 2nd. Aaahhh but of course, it's protest time baby. Not 2nd against 1st mind; Open Cut Miss had every conveivable.
Guess I got what I deserved. Shempy Omg I want to vomit just reading that lol. She gives her list of horses But this Prince Of Penzance thing should be carting manure, so maybe you should put something else instead" Dandaman On the last day of the flemington carnival last year in the 3yo fillies race I took sweet sherry to win with 4 horses to run 2nd -4th.
Sweet sherry ran nowhere and the other 4 ran the first 4. Paid about 40k Jennifer Lyn, brulee and can't remember the others wallers thing won it I think. I cannot remember the name of the horse in the last leg that got beaten by a nostril but I will always remember the name of the horse that knocked me off Richard Cranium.
Punkyboi Years ago I had a qauddie at Flemington. Hay list won easy. They fought it out for the last m n I counted the money numerous times but zipping just didn't give in My Dad who, can you believe, never got a quaddie in his life - went halves in one with my brother.
Would have been massive. Got beat when Rubiton left his run on the training track at 3s on I think. If it wasn't 3s on it became that in the telling. SamsonSundown About 6 months ago a bookie who has since banned me because I occasionally win put up false odds of 18s on Lucky Hussler at The Heath over Yes false odds.
It should have been fav. I carefully got set for , then , finally before the odds disappeared. The Hussler ran you guessed second and should have won by 3. Up until race start I kept on expecting them to cancel the bets. Would have been great to have been 'Up to the challenge' and have beaten this bookie. They banned me not long after. Scratched at the Barrier.
Best one one though. Razor wins so it's a good result, with FC in a photo for 2nd after being a clear second just short of the line. Yep, got nutted by Ideal Planet also at big odds. Jockey M Pay said he had 2nd but the horse stargazed the last bit as he was out in the middle of the track on his own.
Olly rode her stone cold out of the barriers and in an anti-climax she was never in the hunt. Manighar19 Derby day a few years ago. Mate and me went halves in a quaddie. Then Got a text from another mate who said he had the inside word on Five and a half star for the derby.
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