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Retrieved July 2, Bloomberg L. December 20, Archived from the original on June 26, Luzerner Zeitung. February 20, Retrieved July 7, Retrieved April 1, October 6, Forbes Magazine. Retrieved July 12, IOHK's key project: Cardano, a public blockchain and smart-contract platform which hosts the Ada cryptocurrency.
Financial Times. January 27, Archived from the original on December 19, European Parliament. July Retrieved October 29, CCS ' Toronto, Canada: Association for Computing Machinery: — May 6, Crowdfund Insider. December 11, Retrieved February 18, December 12, Retrieved October 25, The University of Edinburgh. Retrieved March 31, Forbes Georgia. Retrieved March 27, East African Business Week.
October 17, Retrieved March 28, Proof of authority Proof of personhood Proof of space Proof of stake Proof of work. Ethereum Ethereum Classic. Economics of Networks Journal. Date accessed August 28, Miami Herald. Retrieved January 24, Retrieved January 14, A guide to some other crypto currencies".
Wired UK. Association for Computing Machinery. The Telegraph. Retrieved October 15, Retrieved July 24, Retrieved February 4, Dogecoin Analysis Report. Accessed December 28, Retrieved December 14, Archived from the original PDF on March 5, Retrieved April 11, Retrieved January 20, Pacific Standard. Retrieved January 18, MIT Technology Review.
NxtWiki — Whitepaper. Archived from the original on February 3, Retrieved December 21, March 5, The Wall Street Journal. An FAQ". Tom's Guide. June 19, Vice Magazine. Retrieved June 18, Payout Magazine. Retrieved November 18, International Business Times. Archived from the original on January 1, Retrieved February 10, November 29, Archived from the original PDF on December 25, Retrieved December 25, Retrieved November 26, Retrieved April 27, Retrieved December 27, Retrieved June 25, Retrieved September 14, IO Documents".
February 10, — via GitHub. Retrieved October 25, The combinatorics of the longest-chain rule: Linear consistency for proof-of-stake blockchains PDF Technical report. Retrieved January 11, January 13, Archived from the original PDF on January 14, Retrieved January 13, Retrieved August 30, The coin is not sold on any major cryptocurrency exchange. No shops are known to accept it. Proof of authority Proof of personhood Proof of space Proof of stake Proof of work. Ethereum Ethereum Classic.
Dash Petro. Cardano EOS.
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Name: iDinar Location: Qatar. Website: idinar. In Qatar banned crypto trading , putting the project in doubt. Website: karatcoin. Karatcoin is a platform to trade gold certificates, exchange Karatcoin tokens, as well as save and exchange currency using gold cards. It represents 1 gram of Website: karatgold-kbc. Each coin represents a certain weight of gold and can be exchanged into physical gold in the form of CashGold. On 4 July, KBC will equal 1g of gold. KBC is listed on its own exchange — Karatbit.
Website: karatcoinbank. Related to KaratGold is KaratCoin Bank, which is creating an international payment system that will serve the blockchain-based economy. Website: mast. The MAST is a modern digital asset combining multiple tiers of equities and currencies which are backed by physical allocations of gold. No social media updates since at December Puregold is a payment gateway using gold-backed cryptocurrency. The company uses physical gold of The physical gold is stored by a third party in a decentralized storage unit that Puregold stores investment-grade gold, gold jewellery, small ingots up to grams , and coins.
Puregold is part of Puregold. Website: sudangm. Sudan Gold Coin is a gold mining business with blockchain technologies that offers a fair distribution of the profit. Each token at the beginning will be tied to the 0. More gold is added to each token as the gold is physically mined.
The mine is located in a study area of over Km2 in Northern State of Sudan. ICO ends 30 January Website: restore. TxGold is a gold-backed currency with near-zero transaction costs for both sending and receiving , and settlement times of seconds. Users can get started by exchanging fiat or crypto currency for TxGold, or by sending their own physical gold coins. After January 31, , TxGold tokens will no longer be redeemable for physical gold. Website: therealxgold.
The price of one XGC Coin at initial pricing is based on a single gram of gold. Since the beginning of this guide to gold-backed cryptocurrencies, many have already fallen by the wayside. Name: Arbitrade Location: Hamilton,Bermuda. Website: arbitrade. Arbitrade was a supposed cryptocurrency exchange and mining company based in Bermuda. In March it was announced that Arbitrade Exchange Inc.
In November they put out a press release announcing that Arbitrade Ltd. They also announced that they had acquired an office block in Hamilton for their head office. AssetBase offers five different precious metal cryptocurrencies gold, silver, platinum, palladium, and rhodium. Unlike some of the other mixed metal tokens, AssetBase has a separate token for each metal. All gold and other metals is vaulted and insured and audited by a third party.
Website: auric. Auric is a store of value and medium of exchange cryptocurrency backed by a physical store of gold at a rate of 0. Owners can hold Auric, trade it on exchanges, or transfer it for this equivalent amount of gold via the Auric Market at any time. The ICO ran in September Since then the site has gone blank, and here was the last update on the Bitcoin Forum.
Have a great day. No more updates until then. Website: aurumx. Future plans are based on creating a large mining center, which cryptocurrency-based revenue would continue to increase gold reserves. V tokens are issued only as much as the quantity of gold held. The gold will be continuously secured from the profits of large-scale mining centers, a cryptocurrency exchange, gold products, and discount shopping malls.
Website: baselbit. BaselBit was a planned crypto currency backed by gold and silver reserves. According to the website:. Website: cryptogoldcoin. The original website at cryptogld. There is no office listed, and no mention of how the gold is stored or how you can sell it once you have bought it. Website: currensee. Currensee was a gold-backed crypto currency valued at the current price of 1gm of Gold.
The value of the physical gold in the reserve is directly proportionated to track the performance of the coin in the market. The Currensee platform is built on a private blockchain, based on the Ethereum Technology. Website: darico. Darico offered a gold-hedged cryptocurrency investment token backed by gold, bitcoin and ethereum. The gold sits in custodial vaults, and there is an app wallet and a Darico debit card.
Darico is now a dedicated trading platform with no offer of DRC gold-backed token. Website: digitalbulliongold. The website has expired and there is no contact from the developer. Name: Doradocoin Location: Santiago, Chile. Website: doradocoin.
Website: eau-coin. At least 2 rounds will be issued every year of a fixed USD value related to fixed in-ground gold assets that are being mined out. Egold not related to E-gold runs on a blockchain ledger and works through a digitized cryptoasset called GOLD whose cryptocurrency value is based on physical gold. The site has since gone offline and it has been flagged as a possible scam at bitcointalk.
Website: goldbloc. Goldbloc has since pivoted to become Tally , which is not a cryptocurrency. AuX tokens by GoldCrypto are a cryptocurrency backed by physical gold. This gold backing per AuX Token then progressively increases. Since then the goldcrypto. Both sites are now offline.
Website: goldcryptocurrency. There were some updates at github , and the website has since gone offline. Name: GOLD. IO Location: Cayman Islands. The mission of GOLD. IO is to create an infrastructure ruled by like-minded individuals, sharing the same vision and idea for the future of the decentralized community-governed gold market. Website: goldma. GMA is a token backed by a fully licensed and operational gold mine in Zimbabwe.
So the token itself is not gold-backed, rather the gold is sold to the Reserve Bank, and Ether is bought with the proceeds. The site has now gone offline without a trace. Website: goldminecoin. GoldMineCoin is — as the name suggests — is a coin backed by a gold mine. This crypto-currency is secured by gold deposits in the Magadan Region of the Russian Federation. This set up resembles the exploratory mining companies that frequent the penny stock listings.
You have a high risk of not finding gold and potentially high reward of hitting a productive gold mine. Website: canamexgold. Reference to the token has since been removed from the website. Website: goldvein. GoldVein is a blockchain platform for investment in gold mining.
The gold value of the token increases in value depending on the amount of gold mined. The site has now gone offline. GramGold was a gold exchange, a gold vault, a gold ATM, and a foundation. Website: ic3cubes. The site has gone offline with no other information on its fate. Website: lightcash. By purchasing tokens, investors receive an ownership share in the gold mining company.
An ICO ran until June , and it has since gone offline. Check for updates at bitcointalk. Website: londoncoin. LondonCoin provides a crypto ecosystem consisting of a core cryptocurrency, a decentralized exchange, and a wallet. Website: magmacoin. Website: midasrezerv. One of the earliest attempts at a gold-backed crypto was by Midas Rezerv. Website: mybigcoin.
My Big Coin was a virtual currency that claimed was backed by gold. In February the founder was arrested on federal charges for participating in a scheme to defraud people. The coin is still being tracked and you can read updates here. Website: ongold. A gold-dollar equivalent stable-value cryptocurrency payment instrument. Website: orocrypt. Orocrypt is a company that digitises assets. You can see the vaulted gold Stock Report in the News section of the website.
A Tweet in January mentions reorganising their corporate structure. The website is now offline and the Twitter account deleted. Website: ozgld. Website: realescoin. Reales coin was a token that combines a basket of precious metals and cryptocurrencies. Website: royalmint. It would have been available through third-party investment intermediaries such as banks and brokers.
The project was abandoned in October Website: securedgoldcoin. The website is now offline. Website: tethergold. There was a South African contact number. The website looked hastily thrown together and soon disappeared. Name: The Mining Co. Website: theminingcompany. The Mining Co. TMC tokens are backed by the gold mine, so there is no set value for the token until gold is mined.
The value of the token will increase according to mined gold. Website: tiberiuscoin. Tiberius Coin is an asset-backed token made up of an alloy of metals, including gold. The metal is held and audited by independent warehouses, and available for delivery upon request. Every token includes:. Technology metals: 25g copper, 5g tin Electric Vehicle metals: 25g aluminium, 6g nickel, 1g cobalt Stability metals: 3mg gold, 1. The site has since gone offline with no updates. Website: tokenoro.
Website: vault. USDV was planned to be fully backed by, and redeemable for, gold held in Swiss vaults directly via 3rd party fiduciaries. The USDVault token was expected to launch in late The project has since closed down. Website: v-units. Value Units is a decentralized blockchain covered with physical gold that is stored in various Swiss army bunkers.
If you are ready to buy a gold-backed cryptocurrency, you will most likely need to buy it with Bitcoin or Ethereum. For more information, read the guide on how to buy gold-backed cryptocurrency. While researching and updating this list I kept finding Cryptocurrencies that sound like they are gold related. The biggest naming misnomer is Bitcoin Gold BTG , which is a fork of the Bitcoin blockchain and has no gold attached to it.
What a wasted opportunity to not have an actual gold-bitcoin. The name has really messed up my gold news alerts as well. Ethereum Gold is built on the Ethereum blockchain and was launched in October as an airdrop to crypto forum readers.
It was launched to function as a store of wealth and emulate the properties and supply of gold. It was founded in and is a decentralised open-source cryptocurrency forked from Litecoin. CryptoGold is a crypto mining platform. There are more gold-backed cryptocurrencies being developed, so they will be added here as they become known.
If you know of any others or are developing one, please contact us. This list is being updated regularly, and any changes are posted in the weekly gold newsletter. Subscribe to the newsletter for gold and gold-backed cryptocurrency news. This is intended as a directory and is not an editorial endorsement.
Do your own research before buying. Details of the tokens may have changed since being listed. This is a free listing so any gold-backed cryptocurrency can be listed. If there are any missing or need updating, contact here. Some of the coins and exchanges include referral links which may earn Goldscape.
I will make a note of any tokens that I have bought. James Clark is the founding editor of Goldscape. Sign up for the weekly newsletter to get a summary of the most important gold and gold-backed cryptocurrency news. Subscribe for gold news. Also, add my email and update me when this list updates. Which Lionsgold will invest I have never believe I can become a millionaire so soon I have try all my best to make money online but it very hard well I found my help, who help me with the help of Bitcoin when I get in contact with him I was instructed how it work and he get me connected to his mining stream which was able to get me 0.
Great article! We are a mining company and we have just started our pre-launch of our gold-affixed hybrid cryptocurrency named YGB. Upon liquidation of an e-wallet, the user will be shipped 24k dorie gold to their home.
There is no digital asset that is not attached to a physical asset. Our pre-launch is from April July 17 Please add me to your distribution. Many thanks for your efforts. Thanks to Mr Joseph who help me become a millionaire by connecting my wallet to his mining stream i am so happy today i can get what i want i just got a new house,He make me earn 0.
You will need to confirm with the gold supplier regarding your country address. Any idea how Kinesis cayman is doing? Nice blog and I would like to appreciate your hard work. I think among all goldbitscoin is the best one. Ready to but it. Great article thank you for sharing. It would appear a new era of hard backed assets is upon us. For Dignity DIG you can also add blockchainbullion. Have s good day. Blanchard and his mother Cynthia Blanchard!
French Blanchard. I was lost 1. Surely the Scammer was Anthem Hayek Blanchard! This guy is a fraud. Gold should not stick to fridge magnets! Anthem H. I was scammed by a mining Co that I bought mining contracts. I buy then reinvest then buy then reinvest over and over then buy and boom they are gone. This world has become a bad place to live as of late.
My sympathy for your loss and thank you for the warning , I was going to buy. All of them are scam coins except karat coin KBC.. The IC3 Token represents a fraction of a gram of gold, price at market settlement-day of purchase. All asset certificates and tokens are issued off of verified gold within the vault. Currently in our Exclusive Presale — Lot 1 of 10, consisting of the equivalent to 10 tons of Gold.
As the industry matures, a truly authentic gold based token has significant applications and appeal. Hi GoldScape, We would like to update our content. Would you kindly send me an email — email ic3cubes. Hi there! When will the this list be updated? I know some projects for gold-backed cryptocoins more.
Will prepare my complete list and send it to you. Please give me your email. Thanks and best regards, Armin Germer. Look no further! Kinesis is a much improved Bullioncoin with way more big investors and a better management team. You get paid yield for using gold as money! Good man James. What happened to the Kinesis launch in jakarta? It was due Q1 this year. I know investors. Should they be worried?? Hi James — it will be interesting to see how blockchain performs long-term in conjunction with crypto gold.
I agree that there could be risks around storage and future financialisation, plus it could remove a lot of the secrecy around gold ownership. November 24, Panama, Panama City, Panama. Our global partners are looking forward to being part of our advance to reshape the way the Gold business works. Lower costs, higher profits, greater security.
To date, pre-sale interest has been sophisticated and culturally diverse: including experienced crypto investors and early investor groups. Details are provided in the XGold Whitepaper. The introduction of XGC will synthesise years of relationships and experience in the Gold market to bring fresh prospective: Solving the long debated issue of how to buy Real Physical Gold in safe, private and secure ways whilst removing intermediary threats, and middleman costs.
This will provide security, flexibility and contractual anonymity whilst being recorded chronologically and publicly on the Ethereum digital ledger. Media Contact Contact Email: communications xgold. The smart contract is already created and product currently sold OTC with plans to sell through a user interface in the coming months.
Some of those listed here do not have a working product yet. As you pointed out, accounting for the physical gold is equally as important as the blockchain. It is well advanced as a precious metal backed cryptocurrency. Yes Goldmoney is an established Gold trading and storage site, but it is not on a public blockchain. I think GoldMoney were allowing purchases with cryptos, but they are a hard asset storage entity, just like the banks used to be.
The great innovation there is that one can buy and sell by the gram to anyone in any currency pretty much , electronically, or else sell some and have the proceeds put onto a pre-paid card and spend it. So fairly easy to replace your savings account with gold, silver, platinum. Laws regarding possession via storgage facilities are much less politically motivated, and very settled and accepted and uniform everywhere. Not like the banking laws. Do you have any social media presence or ways that people can contact you?
They have found a way to merge all precious metals under one cryptocurrency. I hope you get a reply. With so many it seems kind of scammy. But more substance needed so we can make better informed decisions. Due diligence is key to ICO investing. Good luck. So far Xaurum XAUR is the only one listed on exchanges, and in I will buy some of the newly listed coins and make a more detailed comparison of each one.
Disclosure I am the developer of XGold above. Need to differentiate between getting hundreds of billions of dollars of digital paper wealth sloshing around and actually achieving something meaningful for society. In reality most dont understand that the big movers are nothing more than Blockchain transaction companies that most will never go away as the altcoins are built in these chains. Never will happen. Read our blog about Utility and Volatility. XGold will never be volatile and will always have an out.
We will never move to a exchange because they are the ones creating volatile crypto currencies. We will start our own app and xchange to give our token a usable utility. Stay posted and know the only way you make big profits with our token is to buy them at the discount, after that they will stay the same and will not fluctuate much, but will have the option of redemption. There is one primary concern.
How easy in practice is any crypto-currency redeemable for physical precious metal? That is how easily can a holder swap crypto for physical gold, silver, platinum or palladium metal in the hand? Any uncertainty about this and confidence in the crypto being a store of value is destroyed. I even have a wallet with a nice amount of coins.. The site is filled with broken links, it shows magazine covers as if to say they are featured in them, and the address appears to be a suburban house in Brisbane.
There is no information on the founders, and the way they describe taking payments is not a blockchain system. BCR is clearly tethered to the gold price, not backed by the metal. Its granted patents give it value to a specialised market as opposed to common traders. Hi James,, Thank you for that info.
However, I am sure Garry has the patent on the Blockchain as per this link. BCR is also in business with BankcoinGlobal who have already started on their business. And I was under the impression BCR has loaned them the Blockchain rights in which the link I providedshould show all that. I look forward to your response please..
Do you have anything to do with it? Like you said, the processes on the block chain and in this particular example, the Financial Sector. Gold cryptocurrency is more stable than any other cryptocurrency because of the gold backing. Gold has been used as currency from past times. As far as development, Assetbase is ahead of the others, although they really need more marketing.
Assetbase is coming out with their precious metal backed crypto coin online marketplace next week, you will be able to buy and pre-order 5 different precious metals. For one, they have silver crypto and I believe silver is much more underpriced than gold at this point. The upside will be greater. Their closest competition would be Aurus and DigixDAO, since they all do similar things: tokenizing physical stuff.
DigixDAO charges 0. Assetbase charges 0. That sounds way better. Now to my concerns about Assetbase. Which John Rubino says makes the silver their liability counterparty risk. This is especially worrisome when the foundation is investing in other types of business like real estate or projects. If in the worst case scenario the project becomes bankrupt and owes more than it has in assets, will a court order the foundation to hand over their gold and silver to meet liabilities?
Still, I would be more comfortable if they do what all the big corporations do: make subsidiaries. Like Dunkin Donuts is actually a bunch of corporations, not just one. One for their intellectual property, one for their buildings, one for the actual donut store. Assetbase can do the same thing with each investment. And also it would add quite a bit more work and legal fees. By the way, cryptos are crashing, why does DigixDAO looks so good? HAha suckers. Full disclosure: josh, programmer and smart contract developer for xGold.
You want to learn more about coin classifications go to the xGold Blog. Just ask Mr. James how many gold cryptos have bit the gold dust since hes been posting this thread. XGold require this info because we are transitioning towards accepting fiat currency. You will notice the info we ask for is far less invasive than Coinbase or credit card companies. They want passports and proof of address etc. You understand the info we require limits fraud, money laundering, and other associated activities.
If you are not comfortable with giving this limited information you may find more freedom with alternative crypto-currencies: of course you risk losing your funds, or worse, being linked to money laundering. Can you also list Canamex Resources which is offering a gold backed royalty token on its Bruner Gold Project. Karatbars International deals with physical currency grade The gold is heat-sealed in credit card sized cards and delivered via FedEx or can also be stored for free by the company.
They have a KB Universe that will run on its own block chain technology. You are correct that it is currently KCB — 1 gram of Cashgold. Which is physical gold heat sealed into credit card sized cards. Karatbars International has achieved the worlds first fully licensed crypto-currency bank. In Miami, Singapore and New Guinea. The coin is backed by tonnes of physical gold in new guinea.
They are also launching their own crypto encrypted smart phone for crypto currency exchanges. Here is compiling half of these in a 5 min read without going through every website. This covers about half of these, Very well said. I hope they do part 2. OneGram received several serious awards for its whole architecture, recently it has been listed among 20 best fin-tech solutions in Middle East by the magazine Forbes.
Ted, I would not say its a scam I would just say its heavily overpriced and complicated. They cannot figure out what it is they have, want or need. Besides it looks very islamic and why is everything in Euro. Onegram coin is a ponzi scheme or pyramid scheme; members recruit new Vizionary affiliates who invest.
Classic MLM altcoin pump and dump. It is run by a scammy guy and a couple of other Vizonary scammers — Frode, Jesper and Ladislav. They have no license in Dubai for precious metals trading or financial services. Same for UK where they are incorporated, no licenses and not registered with UK financial services authority. I should point out that both in UK and Dubai it is required by law to have those.
Plus the coin is only traded on Huulk whihc is owned by Onegram — so who can prove if there is price manipulation or not? A couple of updates re: HelloGold to report. Also, racist much there Simon? Im a racist because I call your coin a pig with lipstick? First your organization cant decide what you are. Do you even understand the meaning of shariah law compliance? Your Gold is over prices your fees are obnoxious.
Its a pig with lipstick. I just see way better options than what your offering and if that makes me racist then so be it. Good luck with that pig and be careful about casting stones. Their shariah law compliance certification comes from the Amanie Advisors, which is highly regarded in the muslim world. Other than that I call BS. You r the one picking a fight calling people racist and having sex with pigs, now your back peddling. No one in the world gives two sheckles that gold is shariah law compliant from the Amanie advisors, most have no clue what that is.
By the wy good name dropping. You, my friend, are not the brightest tool in the toolshed. At first, I thought you were a silly goose. I already said am invested in HelloGold, along with 2 others. So of course am trying to provide pertinent, real world updates to this page re: the company.
Actually, I take the above back Simon. Shariah compliant, like OneGram? I like Gold and Silver backed cryptos, but I would probably not invest too much in HGF, it looks to shady, which is probably why their token price is doing crappy others investors are thinking the same thing. Totally agree…aka a pig street prostitute, pigs of the night if you will, where man pigs drive around the block to pick them up without being spotted by law pigs.
Personally, I actually invested in HelloGold because he seems to be an honest guy former head of the world gold council , and his team appears to be rock solid includes dave appleton. The big media outlets are providing coverage of the company as well, which actually legitimizes it in my eyes over other gold companies listed on this page.
Really annoying. How do I unsubscribe from the emails? Go put lipstick on pigs or something instead of whining and getting your panties in a twist with every comment. Tether is suppose to be 1 for 1 with the USD and up to this point tether tether. They start out this document that is supposed to give everyone confidence by discrediting this document on the first page. All the banks are also blacked out. I even met the guys at a few conferences in the crytpo space when they were early on in their venture.
I agree with what you said about the fees, I also spoke to the Aurus team about it and they are also aware. When I talked to them about it, they said that for a system that is as scalable as theirs since unlike most other parties on this list, Aurus does not touch the gold in their system nor do they have their own order books , it makes sense to start with a smaller fee and decrease it over time.
If you buy and hold AWG for a few days to use as payment or as remittance the fee is very small. I find them to be the most innovative player on the list and have been a supporter of them ever since I met them. I am not an owner of any cryptocurrency, but I am interested in that investment. I find your remarks interesting, educational and funny.
Thanks for the infor. They have websites at: baselbit. Great article to read, enough information for a beginner such as an ebook. Any suggestions for investing into the best upcoming ICO. I would be grateful if you could add GramGold to your list gramgold. Revolutionizing Gold Markets, Globally!
Seems like a crypto backed by Legal Tender gold and silver would be something people would be really interested in. Plus they claim to have a live-streamed facility with no vaulting fees. I will check it out. And the reason I say this is,. The PDT is their utility token. You can check it out if you want at assetbase. A working model and delivering on the project is a big deal. Just look at eBay, when they came out they had a bad looking site, but they had a working model and they took the field.
I think by now you would have stopped commenting on this website, Your ill willed instructions and comments do nothing for anyone. How about you start your own commentary blog instead of hijacking this blog. I love a little criticism, but please add some facts about your claims, that way we all might be able to gain some wisdom from your post. Way better options in the marketplace than this token.
Most want a to see the token go from K b redemption. Learn your tokens before sharing info. The exchange rate is not in favor of client reward or discount with assetbase pdt to even warrant purchase. Just do yourself a favor, take your fiat and buy it direct. To attract traders, I would start with changing the design and functionality of the site.
We started in December and already have developed a Tier1 blockchain a application for daily use and the redemption side is currently being licensed and put into place before our scheduled timeline. James, You should start a guide to Silver-backed cryptocurrency. Cryptobontix and Arbitrade will commence mining operations with 55, mining rigs that are dedicated to the tokens. With the rigs they will mine Bitcoin, Ethereum, Dash and Monero. And what will they do with those mined cryptos?
Because of the fact that you can redeem your bullion after 2 years minimum only, they have enough of time to mine a lot of the established coins to secure the project operations. Why would I do that. I think we will add this one to the crypto-gold crapto-gold list. Further more no way this is in the top 50 coins if so based on what? We make a good case about Bitcoin, not enough people in the world have crypto wallets. The only way there are going to be more wallet holders is, crypto-stable, useable on a dialy bases, redeemable and last its own independent network.
Here some information of Kinesis. There are already many options game changers, One being xgold. KVT are hard capped at , This fork will allow up to transactions per second. Bitcoin can do like 5 transactions per second? Kinesis is the big one. It runs until November 11th There are , KVT available for public sale. There are rumors that a big whale may buy , KVT. Get yours while you can. Often times these gold cryptos will charge storage fee. Kinesis has no storage fee.
Are you kidding me? No storage fee and get paid for storing your gold? No brainer. Put your money on Kinesis. Just an update. We at XGold believe with all this volatility in the market place. Gold backed crypto will become more and more desirable. To date we have written several articles that tell our tales, experience and journey in the crypto world.
Good luck with your crypto-trading and always if you have questions, we have answers. Check out AgAu.. Our tech team is developing a Proof-of-Stake consensus algorithm which will require user validation in the form of purchasing a bond. Inevitably, this currency will be fixed to commodities when a permanent exchange rate is set between GODcoin and gold, and it is intended to be used as a utilitarian currency.
This is made possible because the biblical Christ has returned, and this is his authorized New World Currency. As it says in the Book of Revelation , we are all advised to buy gold from him so that we may prosper. He has laid sovereign claim over gold and silver reserves Haggai , and very soon this will be the only currency authorized for use in the global marketplace.
At this very moment, the collapse of the Petrodollar is imminent, and the resulting calamity will be extremely difficult to handle, unless of course you take the GODcoin lifeboat and sail with us to safer waters. It wil also be traded on coinbe. The goal is for KGC to be fully backed by 0. KGC is backed by a global gold money and payment system.
Looks like they got physical land with the gold in hand:. Thank you for the guide! Very useful! Out of 5 pre-ICO projects in the list now Golden Currency to me is surely 1, really see no more good, maybe you could advise any? Or anything not in a list? I guess reading history is not part of our daily lives. Just like the USA dollar was till Through out history at some point they start to print more receipts then there is gold. That possibility with this one is no exception. I am a member of Golden Currency team.
Thank you for your comment! Let me share our thoughts on it. You are right, we are doing real money, with the legal status of real money. And it will be like dollar earlier or many other currencies that were backed by gold. But now there is no money in the world that is reliable and backed by gold. We strongly believe that the current state is bad for users and there is much demand for such stable money.
Regarding the examples when governments started to print more receipts then there is gold — that is not our case, since we are talking about private money and we will have no monopoly to issue money, as being non-national money. If we even start thinking of it users just will not use our currency. We will be glad to answer any questions and provide any more comments on our project. You are also welcome to join our pre-ICO!
So where to put the article? Passions have been raised on this compelling topic on the article's talk page sporadically since , boiling over briefly in and Shockingly, there are multiple locations in the United States with the name "Devils Lake" with and without apostrophes. Does the name of this band include the definite article? Is it "Eagles" or "the Eagles"? The band's name is "Eagles", yet all former and current band members talk about their tenure with "the Eagles" in published interviews and on the official website.
From the very first sentences of the band's biographies on Allmusic,  Rolling Stone ,  and The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame,  we can see how the world outside WP writes about them. Despite these facts, every "tequila sunrise" there appears an odd and concerted effort          to erase the Someone needs to tell Don Felder to change the title of his book , because apparently he was wrong. Brown referenced only the Greek aspect, even though the referenced mythological event was identical with The Original Snub?
Is mentioning Discordianism POV because it gives the religion undue weight? Edit war results in loss of good article status and temporary article locking but is now a featured article, hurrah! Hail Discordia! War finally resolved by not actually mentioning what type of goddess Eris is. See also: Pluto and Ceres dwarf planet. A heated debate took place on whether English Robin was an alternate common name for the European Robin, often simply called Robin.
One editor persisted     in adding this essential piece of information despite opposition,    , until there was a concession of sorts Or not. Or does persistence pay off? Maybe not. Is this the last word on the matter? Who knows Can it suspend a coconut from its husk? Should second-season winner "Deelishis" be credited as her birth name, Chandra Davis, or her stage name, London Charles? In the end, nobody got blocked and the dispute died down on its own, probably because both sides realized they were battling over a woman who willingly went on a reality television show to "fall in love with" Flavor Flav.
Yeah, boyeeeeeee! Does the name of a Canadian TV channel, originally an offshoot of namesake American one , contain the word "Canada" in its official title, ergo it should be parenthesized in the title? It's a terribly important matter, as witnessed by an intense move war and circular discussion on the talk page. Should this substance be called 'gasoline' or 'petrol'? Gasoline has been settled on for now, in part because that was the article's title originally, but the fallout has yet to settle.
Finally, while not trying to pour fuel over the fire, it should be noted that in Arab countries its birthplace, after all , and a lot of Europe, people call it "benzine". Or is it "Gender of god"? How about "Gender of Gods", gotta remember those damn pagans.
Or is that "Gender of gods"? Is "sex" more appropriate than "gender"? Meanwhile, this doesn't account for religions with no explicit sex or is that explicit gender? We haven't quite decided yet, but rest assured, whilst some silly people are trying in vain to reach consensus, those with the power are proving their point with reverts.
There have even been threats of ArbCom. Alessa was captured, but just how captured do you have to be to be considered "captured"? That "forced medical attention" makes all the difference in the world, so why would we need the word "captured"? While playing the game, a user might get the idea that a character implies something, so does a subtle wink at the camera mean something entirely different; something that could affect the whole plot and our own pride, for going with sourced material?
It mattered for some, obviously, as a massive edit war broke out about a few words here and there and the war would be still going on, had it not been for the fact that administrators did some shallow digging and discovered that the instigator of the edit war was a famed blocked user who has been discovered to create no fewer than 23 sockpuppet accounts. The protagonist from Konami 's survival horror video game Silent Hill 3 is known to those who have played the game as "Heather".
But what is her last name? Is it Morris after the actress who portrayed her? Is it Mason? Does anyone care? Many sources disagree. A 'my source is more valid than yours' edit war broke out in an unlikely place.
It wasn't on the page for the character in question. Certainly not on the page for the game itself. Should there be disambiguation notices on the respective articles of the Halo video games to the band Nine Inch Nails 's personal Halo numbers for their albums?
Do the numbers' acceptance by Trent Reznor mean anything? Are the Halo numbers notable enough to be disambiguated? This long-running edit war since 6 June has led to two full protections , which at the same time led to the loss of an indefinite semi protection after one expired.
This also led to a RFC which stopped the warring. Wait, it's Hillary Diane Rodham now?! A discussion followed by a straw vote indicated that the majority of the participants preferred the latter wording, but there was no consensus. The debate and the edit war settled down for a few months until someone associated with Miami Dade College , whose Hialeah Campus is, er, near Miami , rekindled the reversions with an insistence that the phrase should be cited with an online reference and that "near Miami" violates WP:NPOV.
The dispute has pitted students and faculty of MDC against a handful of Wikipedians who believe that a precedent should prevail. As the standoff persists, the rest of the world rolls by Was she really a Queen of England? Should she be referred to as Her Majesty Queen Jane? Does her husband merit inclusion in The List of royal consorts of the United Kingdom? Resulted in many cut-and-paste page moves, edit warring across multiple pages and flaming on those talk pages.
Warriors did not come to their senses even when it was pointed out how long Jane herself had been dead, though mercifully none of them met the same fate as their subject by having their heads lopped off. Though that would reduce the chatter!
Various supporters of the US Libertarian party founded in argue that they own the meaning of the word "libertarian", that placing it next to "socialism" is a contradiction in terms, and hence that libertarian socialism described circa cannot possibly have existed.
An edit war and request-for-deletion war ensues. Is her name pronounced like "rolling" or to rhyme with "howling"? Rowling is on record claiming she pronounces her name like "rolling". An irate editor argues that this is a "British" pronunciation and the "American" pronunciation of her name should also be noted. This is slightly ridiculous as she is English, and therefore of course will pronounce it in an English manner. Cue endless spats on talk pages over whose arguments are "more cogent", and multiple reversions.
Issue finally resolved sort of by very, very, very obliquely implying that she pronounces her name "rolling", rather than stating that that is how her name is pronounced. Edit war was brief, but, astoundingly, other people have since logged on and made the same complaint. Perhaps it rhymes with "Trolling"?
Then again, rhymes themselves are dangerously POV. Should this article and other articles and templates that mention this award use the common name of the award, the official name, Bank of Sweden Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel , the even more official name, Sveriges Riksbanks pris i ekonomisk vetenskap till Alfred Nobels minne , or perhaps a compromise name, Nobel Memorial Prize in Economics?
An unseemly brawl over whether the article should name him "Richard Kyanka" or "Richard Charles Kyanka". At least the anon editors insisting on the insertion of the middle name provided good verifiable sources. Is it a collection of myths or a motif? Should "Sun" be capitalized or not?
What about "underworld"? Edit warring here over these and other weighty issues have involved four editors and most of the article's history. Is he the Supreme Pontiff or just the Bishop of Rome? Proof of lameness: a screenshot of the page's history is now the lead image at the edit warring page. Two months of edit war on whether the page should say "[[Harry S Truman President Truman]]" or "President [[Harry S Truman]]" plus the same with several other presidents.
Not even the filmmakers seem to know. This hasn't stopped Wikipedians from moving the page 14 times between May and August For decades regarded as a planet , it became a dwarf planet as defined by the IAU in Shortly after, it was duly assigned a minor planet number of Much contention ensued at the talk page about whether the article should be at Pluto or whether the disgraced planet should retain its simpler name or, for that matter, whether to consider it a planet or not.
The Potrero Hills are "a range of low hills on the western edge of Richmond, California ". They're pretty unremarkable; there happens to be a Chevron oil refinery there. An on-and-off edit war over this detail roils for months. After an exasperated if excitable administrator goes to the length of fully protecting the page, the war spills over onto Potrero Hill, San Francisco , where it is now being "debated" whether the disambiguation tag at the top should say " For the Potrero Hills in Richmond, California, see Potrero Hills " or " For the bluffs in Richmond, California, see Is Sega's bit console the Genesis or the Mega Drive?
Which one is the proper name for the article? Or should it be called the Sega Fourth Generation console? The article has been moved from one name to the other multiple times, there is an FAQ and a "Falsehoods in the FAQ" discussion on the issue, and the war has spilled over into Wikipedia talk:Article titles.
The article currently sits at Sega Genesis , and reached featured article status in December , so it looks like the debate is finally over Is Scotland a Constituent country linking to constituent country , or a Country within a country linking to constituent country , or a Country linking to constituent country , or Country linking to country , or a Semi autonomous subdivision of the United Kingdom, or a Semi autonomous constituent subdivision of the United Kingdom, or a Semi autonomous subdivision of the United Kingdom, or a Home Nation, or a Nation, or a Kingdom, or a Part, or a Province, or a Region, or a combination of any of the above, or none of the above?
There have also been similar edit wars on pages about England , Northern Ireland and Wales. What name should Wikipedia give to the article about the railway station in London from which direct international passenger trains depart? Should it be primarily given the historic, shorter, simpler and everyday " St Pancras " or the mostly official, longer, more formal and more descriptive " St Pancras International "? Should the UK convention of calling a railway station "X railway station" be overturned in favour of "X station"?
For that matter, as "St" is an abbreviation, should it have a full stop I'm not joking? All rather lame as they all redirect to the article and the two most popular variations are bolded in the lead anyway. Multiple moves and a stupidly long, long, long talk page court case complete with "exhibit A" and various chums ensued.
As yet unresolved. And that's over three months before the film's opening. Starfleet representatives have neglected to comment. Should articles for U. There were numerous edit battles and huge debates over official terms versus common vernacular and over uniformity versus state individuality. Some advocated for the pipe tricked version while others preferred full string method of disambiguation. This skirmish raged on for about a full year between roadfans , members of the U.
Roads WikiProject , regular editors, and administrators, resulting in a few probations and even a song. The debate was finally settled with a poll after three previous naming convention " conventions " 1 , 2 , 3 failed to resolve the conflict. In the end, the "State Route xx" format prevailed by a small margin. All the state route articles in the United States have been grandfathered into this format. Apparently the fourth try 's the charm!
An account of the entire war and eventual peace agreement is found here. For this CD by "Weird Al" Yankovic , a dispute about whether "outta" should be capitalized spawned lengthy threads on the admin noticeboard, as well as accusations of abuse, and page protection.
Arguments focus on whether "Outta" is a preposition, whether it's relevant that it's not shorter than five letters, and whether the way the title is spelled on the actual CD is more important than our manual of style. When a vandal struck and a good user reverted all but one of their edits, an edit war ensued over whether Cornelius was nicknamed "The Ass" or not.
Another good user stopped the short edit war by adding a comment about the missed vandalism. That odd little reptile from New Zealand, no wait, it's a diapsid , no it's a reptile , no it's a higher animal , reptile again, higher animal again, reptile once more, The drama unfolds Oh yes I do!
Must a queen deceased for over a century still be styled here " Her Majesty ", an epithet conventionally reserved for the current monarch? This weighty dispute pale reflection of warring here , filling talk pages and edit histories, has spilled over into other British monarchs, other royals and titleholders, several countries having or having had a monarchy, claimants and other royal pretensions, and even hundreds of holders of the papacy , where popes centuries dead are endorsed as "His Holiness" here, losing and regaining the endorsement with blinks of eyes.
Ongoing debates deal with the format of dates, and the used or unused, existing or non-existent surnames family names house names former fiefs some inherited names, but very few are sure what they precisely are of monarchs and relatively unfamiliar variants of those as well as the putative name of the horse of her late majesty's husband's family , with most edits being extremely trivial.
Involved parties vouch for only aiming at accuracy , and certainly some argumentation goes deeper than believed humanly possible. This even created an edit war over whether it could be mentioned here. A truce , seemingly imposed by a Royal intervention that dragged in innocent bystander Prince Michael of Kent , Scottish accents and snail slime, appears to be holding, though occasionally some new fallout is being generated.
Could an American woman who made an ex-king her catch keep the title she was bestowed by the marriage … or is the "she stole our king" attitude a sufficient reason to revert her posthumously back to her second husband's surname, Wallis Simpson? An interesting point has been whether it is fatal or not that she married her Duke after his abdication, and this relates to various and sundry Austrian, Russian, and Romanian monarchies lost, as well as to her sisters-in-law and also to Fergie no, not that Fergie or the other Fergie.
Is this article about "Wii" or "Nintendo Wii"? If it's "Wii", should it be called just "Wii" or " the Wii"? Or maybe "Nintendo's Wii"? Does it rhyme with "We" or "Wee"? Should "Wee" link to urine? Is "Wee" slang or a euphemism for urine? Is it a British or International word for urine? Is it even worth mentioning in the article at all? That became the object of a dispute over a redirect. This vital question divided a bunch of eminent readers of history and led to a revert war that alternated the redirect almost every hour.
Casual viewers were holding their breath when coming to check what was the current position of that weathervane. As the name's usage in English-speaking cultures was perceived to be the determining factor, there were attempts to almost hand-count English-speakers in New Zealand, South Africa, etc. Extensive and in-depth arguments in several talk pages and usertalk pages included claims of original primary authorship of a redirect as well as accusations of nationalistic POV, filibustering and "using all the tricks in the box".
This teaches us some things about disambiguation pages and potential problems surrounding even such tools. A formal poll resulted in votes 9—5 in favor of renaming the disambiguation page as simply William of Orange , and most fallout is being settled.
There was an animal that was also referred to as William of Orange, but fortunately it is a pigeon , an animal that generally symbolizes peace, so the edit war and participants did not harm this unlucky pigeon and also the fact that it's the only non-human called William of Orange. Many post offices in the United States are known as "U.
More accurate? More respectful? Resolving this involved an edit war that dragged in sources ranging from the National Park Service to the U. United States Congress. Whoa nelly Nellie. This city in North Italy has two official names, Bolzano and Bozen , which are used together on street signs and the like. This has spread to several talk pages; highlights so far include the two separate move requests from Bozen-Bolzano to Bolzano-Bozen or was it the other way around? Edit wars have been occurring for most of Wikipedia's history with regards to the exact name of this Polish German Prussian Eastern Central Northern European Baltic city.
The edit war was detailed in a chapter of a book. Perhaps ironically, the city hosted Wikimania The capital of Ukraine had the mis fortune of its Russian name Kiev being internationally much more widely known than its native Ukrainian name Kyiv. The best efforts of the government of Ukraine to determine by legislation the name of its own capital in the English language led only to edit and revert wars in Wikipedia, as some editors refused to follow the government's decision, insisting that the best-known version should be used.
Since it was unthinkable that any of the warring camps were wrong in their contentions, it must have been the NPOV policy that was faulty. In September , everyone noticed that the rest of the world had already accepted Kyiv , and the article was moved despite much weeping and gnashing of teeth.
Is it important to know that Korea has been preparing to officially register the name "Ulleung Basin"? The ocean feature is known both under the Japanese name Tsushima basin and under the Korean name Ulleung basin. There is also lots of disagreement which name is the more commonly used name in English for a place that pretty much nobody knows. Also see the related lame edit war for the Land making up Tsushima subprefecture below and the related edit war concerning the Liancourt Rocks above.
Does this university have a Latin name, Universitas Sidneiensis , and should it appear in the infobox? Is checking old book stamps in the university library's store rooms "original research" or even " research "? Is the evidence for the name from a primary source or a secondary source?
The battle eventually fizzled when everyone stopped caring. Despite the fact that even the German version of the page wasn't consistent, many editors were convinced that they knew best, and the edit war still lives on. The lengthy, unproductive discussions involve legibility, respect of original spelling, a wide variety of silly name callings, an ANI thread , a call to arms , two separate AfD debates , a short move war and Der Spiegel ranking it among the five most absurd Wikipedia debates.
Should a tropical cyclone that formed on December 30, and lasted until January 6, Tropical Storm Zeta be placed in the Atlantic hurricane season article? This has happened only one known time before , so there obviously isn't any already-existing consensus.
The debate eventually explores the terms of hurricane season, how long it lasts, why hurricane followers are so tied to the concept of a hurricane season, and even whether a stapler moved from one desk to another is considered to be on the other desk. It was a truly stunning debate that spanned seven months, drew comparisons to civil unions and gay marriage , and could restart at any moment.
January edit history Also, why isn't the section title named Atlantic hurricane season or Tropical Storm Zeta? Does a storm forming before June 1 mean the whole season becomes considered as having begun, when the official warning centre National Hurricane Center says otherwise and that it "begins June 1st"?
Edit war over whether she was born in or , settled at after some damning evidence was found. Was it released in , or '89? Was it released straight to video before hitting the theaters? If so, does that count? Was this watch released in , or as the name suggests?
Was this band officially formed in or ? Should we or should we not list the birth of Jesus of Nazareth under "births"? If so, should his birth date be 1 BC or 1 AD? Or even year zero? Was she born in or ? After years of being born in , her publicist slips up and accidentally mentions she is 13 years old in , and all hell breaks loose. Born in or ? Even after a detailed explanation in the age fabrication article for was provided, many were still sure it was Early in Wikipedia history, when dinosaurs roamed the Earth or pecked seed from the bottom of their cages , Jimbo recorded his own birthdate in the annals of the Wikimedia Foundation as well as the article talk page.
Then, in , he changed his mind and used oversight tools to "unsign" his original edits. An edit war ensued over original research and whether Jimbo should be allowed to revoke his announcement of his own birthday, resulting in not one, but four secondary sources being tacked on to the date.
Ongoing arguments and edit wars over whether to include the word "Friday" in the date of the event. Was she born in ? Or ? This also came about as a result of age fabrication After days of editing, does anyone really care THAT much? Was their independent EP The Ingredients released in or ? Did they release their independent EP Wildcard in , or ?
A user claims that it was recorded in , but hadn't been released until Is there any evidence whether it was officially released before or after the other EP A Word from the Wise? Did the band form in or ? Some sources like Metal-Archives. Was this Bad Religion album officially recorded and released in or ?
The details on their official website claims as the date, but the CD release actually printed as the release date and the liner notes on the album also reads April as the recording date. Was he born in or ? The problem comes from the fact that a single biography says while hundreds of fans from a fan site say One expert vs.
Who's right, David or Goliath? Should a year appear as or ? Six months of edit warring goes through three requests for comment and culminates in a full arbitration case. The Arbitration Committee even finds it necessary to enact a temporary injunction. The 6-month arbitration case ends with 19 principles, 47 findings of fact, and 32 remedies.
Was he 7'1"? Was his height even consistent during his entire career? Is this in reference to his actual height or the height which promoters billed him at? Did his actual height decrease in his final years due to the effects of acromegaly or due to back surgery?
He was tall, just leave it at that. Is the city's climate subtropical or continental? Are there a couple snowstorms a year, or several? Do some winters bring less than an inch of snow, or only a trace? And just which weather station most accurately describes Baltimore's climate? These seemingly easily verifiable facts have been the subject of a slow-motion edit war for many months, with occasional language-parsing jockeying for position for example, "However, winter warm fronts can bring brief periods of springlike weather, while Arctic fronts drop temperatures into the teens" vs.
Never mind what the airport's web site says, our nationalist pride is more important! Let's crank up those numbers! Let's inflate the earnings of our films, and deflate the earnings of everyone else's. But wait, they're doing the same thing. Can anyone tell the real story?
See the histories for individual films, such as Paglu , Shotru , Khokababu , etc. Listed at 5'3", admits to being taller. Is he really 5'5"? Or 5'6"? Is an uncited claim valid for the latter? Sockpuppeting follows over a matter of one inch.
In response to the sentence "For every females there were And that's based on the Census; imagine how much more anachronistic and awkward these "statistics" would be were they to be based on Chicken's Census population of 7! Speaking of which, see also Prudhoe Bay, Alaska : while nowhere near as lame, edit warring dragged on in that article for years for pretty much the exact same reason. Ironically, settling the issue in that case resulted in effective abandonment of the article prior to the Census, in which the community's population mysteriously soared from just five in the year , to 2, And if all this didn't drive home the point enough , here's what one editor had to say about Port Clarence, Alaska back in "What's the point of saying there are males for every females, if there's only 21 people in all?
We have learned two things, however: Alaska has a number of underpopulated communities, and the manner in which many underpopulated communities are portrayed on Wikipedia is truly lame. But can they be called underpopulated if Alaska as a whole is sparsely populated? Soon after Larry made landfall in Queensland , Australia , edit warring broke out and the talk page became filled with personal attacks and egos.
How shall they word that? Is the hyperdrive class three or four? Who really cares? George Lucas apparently doesn't. Sure, HE's not the one stuck with the life-or-death decision of picking the right caliber torpedo to blow it up. But to a Rebel pilot, it's very important!
This is war, after all. Before it became a featured article in July , for four and a half years tempers flared over this article. Not surprising, seeing all the controversial topics in play: their disputed status between the UK and Argentina, their naming as Falkland or Malvinas, coastal, fishing, and mineral rights, a reasonably recent war, et cetera, et cetera. But who would have guessed that the most controversial issue would be whether to list distances with miles first and kilometers ["-metres"?
The United States? For a year before the Football World Cup , and persisting after, this subject gives involved users something to pass the time. The fight continues more than a year after the players went home. Couldn't one of them just have scored another goal and saved us the trouble? How big is that hard disk drive, exactly? Discussion on this point took over , bytes or over kibibytes , with the page being locked for days at a time   while this was resolved.
Not that you can now figure out how a hard drive works from this article, in spite of all the editorial effort expended. Should it be noted that his height is disputed? A long-running dispute that has been occurring since the election has involved several registered users and IPs.
Unfortunately, it seems that this debate over one inch is not going to be settled soon, and only his hairdresser knows for sure. Should 4G be included when referring to LTE even though it technically does not meet 4G requirements?
A smaller dispute also erupted over which prices should be displayed, at all. Is he 5'2"? Did he debut at 5'4" and later grow to be 5'5"? Is he actually 5'6"? Should the official WWE website be taken as accurate despite its common practice of increasing heights and weights for entertainment purposes? What about heights as they appear in video games? Are they 8—12 years old?
Even 17 years old? Webster says something different from Oxford. American Dictionary says otherwise. And what is the deal with people typing in all caps? Drawn-out revert wars over the correct heights and weights of fictional characters such as Ken Masters and Balrog are ultimately solved by leaving the statistics off entirely. Should the full names of characters be used, or the abbreviations?
Is Kurt Angle the first champion, or is Christian Cage? Is Angle in his first, or second title reign? And a discussion on various wrestling writers and webmasters and whose opinion is better than the other's there , too. What caused all the "squawk"ing? The fact that is the emergency code you put in a transponder when your aircraft has been hijacked. Although the code is public information provided by the Federal Aviation Administration and available in any student pilot's manual to be grabbed off the shelf, IP editors keep removing it from the article.
Because, apparently, would-be hijackers use Wikipedia as their only source of information on aircraft, and would recognise the code when the pilot entered it, whereas it could be entered without recognition otherwise, or so the IPs claim. One even left an edit summary saying "Deleted reference to hijack code for secutity [sic] reasons. Consensus keeps the code on the page, joined after yet another well-meaning IP removed the code by an admin admonishment in an editnotice.
Is Dave Meltzer an unreliable source because he is personally anti- McMahon? Is McMahon an unreliable source because he is pro-McMahon? Should Meltzer be considered a reporter because he freelances for the LA Times and Sports Illustrated , or as a self-published hack who runs a tabloid? Either way, this has led to a lot of tears and an eight-month-long edit war.
And because all wrestling feuds deserve a disappointing rematch, a nearly identical dispute erupted regarding the true attendance for this WWE event, which may or may not have set the all-time record for a particular sports arena that had existed for four years. The debate included insults, blocks, and an editor arguing that Dave Meltzer is not a reliable source for Dave Meltzer.
It ended with the WWE's claim being left alone for now, until the next exciting installment of Editmaaaaania! Researchers and producers of element 13 have variously called the stuff "alumine", "alumium", "aluminium", and "aluminum". There are occasional attempts to put the word back to aluminum.
See here and here for the gory historical details. Intense edit warring ensued, and continues, over this contentious matter. Many personal attacks and a request for page protection were also included. Editors constantly change spellings of the country name to Brasil, because this is the local name of the country.
There have been heated debates about the spelling, saying it is American imperialism. Is it "jerkwad" or "jerk wad"? Made it to AN3 . Many editors have made corrections to this word, even though both versions are technically correct.
Toe-may-toe, toe-MAH-toe. Should "Cougar" be capitalized? What better time to revert-war over this all-important issue than on June 11, , when it is Today's Featured Article? The war over capitalization erupts again a few months later, this time simultaneously in Cougar and Cheetah , and leads to full protection of both articles.
She writes it as danah boyd. Some say that the official style guidelines say it should be written Danah Boyd; others say they allow for exceptions for the subject's personal preferences. Are the extant references using all-lowercase sufficient and sufficiently independent to allow the style guide exemption?
Or are scientific publications by her and her colleagues biased and not admissable references? Cue extensive edit and rename warring This Soviet Ukrainian film director is an example of wars over whether the first name of Ukrainians should be Olexandr instead of Russian Aleksandr or international Alexander. Native species in North America where the dominant spelling is gray. Invasive species in the United Kingdom where they call it grey. Nationalistic tempers simmer for two years in slow and remorseless edit war after a content request for comment supposedly settles the issue in favor favour of the Americans.
Dissatisfied Brits continually tiptoe back, changing a to e , without ever actually proposing a title change for the article. The British are coming! To arms! It was Constantinople , but is it now Istanbul or İstanbul? A few editors make nuclear war over a small speck above the I, bringing new meaning to the word iota. Let's just hope this doesn't get the Christians and Muslims fighting all over again.
A cut-and-paste move to the American spelling "color". A move back, and statements that Canada, Australia, and the rest of the colour-spelling world didn't matter because the United States spelled it color. Other attempts follow, with one attempt to move it to simply Orange to end the war. Similar wars over the correct spelling of the word "colo[u]r" have happened far more times than anybody cares to count.
According to the article on Pittsburgh , Pennsylvania, "Pittsburgh is one of the few American cities to be spelled with an h at the end of a burg suffix. From to the city's h was removed but, after a public campaign, it was officially restored by the United States Board on Geographic Names. A subsequent editor decided that this was a mistake, and changed it back to "Pittsburgh". Thus is created a cycle in which someone notes the edit history and reinserts the contemporary spelling, and the next editor assumes simple stupidity of the last and adds back the h.
This new version of Merkle's Boner makes Pittsburg h the ping-pong capital of Wikipedia, and we will likely never get the "h" out of here. Should a short shwa sound that almost nobody actually pronounces anymore in the plural form of this word be represented in the transliteration by an "e"? More than a dozen reverts both ways, two page protections later, and over ten pages of debate on the talk page, this question of immense import remains without consensus.
At one point, The Great Apostrophe Compromise "pos'kim" and "p'sak din" was proposed, but following its rejection as "[the] most rificulous idea", the "e"less status quo remains. Should potato chips be flavored or flavoured? What is the provenance of the potato chip, America or Ireland? Four-user revert war on these important issues results in the page getting protected and listed on RfC.
As a compromise, the chips became seasoned. And are they not talking about crisps , anyway? Much time has been spent on if the name of the wolf deity in the series should be spelled Holo or Horo. Beginning in January , the war still continues eight years later into Sources have been provided for the spelling as Holo, but this continuously gets changed back to Horo due to popularity of the spelling in the anime fandom community.
A lengthy discussion has occurred on the issue which would even make your Engrish teacher faint. Should it be spelled the American or the British way? It's still occasionally possible to find alternating spellings of Sulphur and Sulfur throughout the text of the Wikipedia article.
A Japanese author with a habit of inventing "foreign" names whose spellings harken more to H. The term is supposed to be some word in English, but nobody's quite sure what. Should Wikipedia refer to them by the archaic and wrongly pronounced but fan-favorite vizard , or by the grammatically awful but officially supported visoreds? Editors take the official line; thousands of IPs disagree! The article is eventually semi-protected, but it doesn't stop edit wars over the spelling on the dozen-odd other pages in which it appears.
Does it need the 'h'? Is "Yoghurt" the "traditional" spelling, and is it American cultural imperialism to not have it as such? And again. Et cetera. For over eight years , before an RFC restored Truth and Justice to dairy products; for more news, see Strained yoghurt or is that strained yogurt? The first time around, this controversy spawned a thread on ANI and led to a wheel war over a block placed due to a move of the page.
This active cultural war re-fermented in November , June , November , May , February , October , April—May , June , July which spilled over into this ANI report , and again in November—December , which then produced yet another ANI report and an edit war with added full page protection and unprotection over whether or not to close another requested move so soon after the last one  , . Fortunately, Wikipedians realised that after wars get boring on one page, you can continue it on another page, leading to discussions on whether the requested moves process should be changed to allow a rename to Yoghurt.
There was even a heated debate and edit war about the article's entry on this page. Apparently, some people don't know when to get the "H" out of there A slow-moving edit war that centred over the use of As User:C12H22O11 exclaimed on the talkpage talk page, "Come on guys, you can't actually be having an edit war over one tiny exclamation point! While we are at it, should it be punctuated as And is "unnecessity" even a word?
Frequent edit wars over whether there are spaces around the en dash when writing a person's date of birth and death. Example: January 24 , — August 9 , or January 24 , — August 9 , ? Related edit war over whether the month or the date comes first, e. The title of this section is not a hyperlink because this is a very general lame edit war which actually happened on several different articles!
Should the ellipsis have three dots, or four? An edit war was not totally resolved when the article was renamed from the three-dot version to the four-dot version. Not quite punctuation, but the question nevertheless remains: should the discussion of Ms.
Storm's arrest for DUI and subsequent no contest pleading be put in one paragraph or spread over two? An edit war involving three sysops over whether there should be commas in "10," and "1," led to a blocking and liberal use of the rollback button. During Christmas, yet.
This riveting debate, so important that violations of WP:3RR occurred, resulted in the page being fully protected for a month with the protector declaring it the lamest edit war they had ever seen. Or should that be Russell T. Over the years, it's been moved three times to lose the dot, and then moved back three times due to "article naming conventions". Most recently, a sysop moved it to regain that all-important? Doctor Who fans are not to be trifled with, so two separate complaints against admin abuse were duly lodged.
As it currently stands, the article has been moved back to the form without a dot. How many students does the school have, 1, or , and does " With all one's might " belong in the school's motto? Is the usage of dash and hyphen between "Mexican" and "American" more important than the disagreements which led to this historic struggle?
Some people would think so. This led to a long thread on WP:AN and a topic ban proposal for no fewer than six editors, as well as the essay Wikipedia:Short horizontal line. The action at WP:AN may be seen as the lamest part of the whole affair so far, since it involved an attempt to swat every editor within the perimeter peacemakers and seekers-after-order included with a topic ban!
That thread is now closed, as an elaborate joke that got out of hand. Merchandise is available in the foyer. One recent suggestion was to change the name to "Mexican War" and be done with it. One difference between British and American English that seems to especially enrage editors is the treatment of collective nouns in articles about musical bands:.
Questions have arisen concerning the name of Lita's moves. Hurricanrana or Litacanrana? Moonsault or Litasault? Powerbomb or Lita Bomb? Is the powerbomb even a finishing move, considering it's not used that often? Do you go by the games, by the announcers, or by WWE.
After several arguments and many people exclaiming they will continue to change it back, a Fan Name section is created, listing the names fans have given her moves. Not so much an edit war as an editing armed standoff. Ask yourself: should this song be declared "written one pluvious night" or "one rainy night"? Ironically, "one" night was declared superior to the previous version, "in a" night. Pluvious actually won in a voting showdown, but when it was later changed back to rainy, nobody really cared.
Jazz pianist had a career spanning decades and was father to two adopted sons. Wikipedians battle for years because at the end of the musician's life the coroner reported that he she Tipton he [ unbalanced opinion? An edit war surrounded the sentence "Theological disputes about the correct interpretation of Christian teaching led to internal conflicts and Church authorities condemned some theologians as heretics , defining orthodoxy in contrast to heresy, the most notable being Christian Gnosticism.
The user preferring heresy before orthodoxy claimed grammatical accuracy and no meaning change. The user preferring orthodoxy before heresy claimed it completely changed the meaning of the sentence. This discussion can be found here. Cleo was Kenny Everett 's sidekick throughout the s. But was she best known for this? Cue increasingly aggressive back and forth           , semi-protection amid accusations of sock puppetry , and the obligatory ANI thread.
Perhaps she's now best known for edit warring. For months, an edit war has progressed over this burning question. Supporters say the name is still used in tourist promotions, while detractors say the "Republic" was a joke protest, and the "Prime Minister" surrendered one minute later. Others say micronationalism is an incredibly silly concept anyway. Was Cranky Kong the original Donkey Kong?
Could it be the character in Super Nintendo and Nintendo 64 games is actually his son? Or perhaps his grandson? Should we trust offhand comments made by a video-game character? Does being licensed by Nintendo make Rareware publications "official"? How official is the "Nintendo Seal of Quality"? To some people, these questions are a matter of life and death. For the record, the Nintendo Seal of Quality was, as the name implies, a means of quality control related to the company's internal policy regarding third-party software.
But it's still a lame edit war. There was a kerfuffle over several sentences on this page. Is a Danish pastry a "variant of puff pastry " or merely similar to it? Should you describe a picture of one as "A typical Danish of Spandauer type with apple filling and glazing" or "A typical Spandauer-type Danish with apple filling and glazing"? Whatever the case, tempers got so frayed the article and the talk page needed to be protected, until everyone calmed down and settled for a nice cup of tea and a Or daylight savings time.
Or Daylight Saving s Time. Or Daylight-Saving s Time. You've never heard "saving" in the singular in your entire life? Send in the dualling or is it duelling? Either way, it's still dark at AM and I'm tired. Is this comic produced by Curtis Magazines or by Marvel Comics? Should Marvel, which may or may not appear in the comic book this can't be confirmed, for some reason appear in the infobox, even though it already appears in the text of the article?
People might not see it in the article, and will not read the article. Extensive coverage of this on the talk page. Derren was shown convincing former unbelievers to believe in god, or should that be "God", or "the Christian god"? The revert war is over, since the article has been protected, but still the battle lingers on in the talk page.
Clearly this article should be named exclusive or. Google hits and a majority of editors confirm the popular name. But wait! This is mob rule! Mathematicians know the real name is exclusive disjunction! Discussion subheadings during this move war include "Are you kidding me? It clearly cannot be both. Is the alliterative phrase "the blast blasted blubber beyond all believable bounds" worthy of inclusion? Other wording issues were also discussed.
Unfortunately, all options required that sources be cited. The article has since become a featured article. Fistulae are connections between two organs that don't normally connect, or is that " betwixt two organs"? In a patient and anonymous editor with a fondness for archaic spellings changed the wording for the many occurrences of "between" in the article every few months, prompting immediate reversions and comprising a large minority of edits to the article that year.
Furious edit war that leads to a thread on WP:ANI and an editor proclaiming that they were leaving the project. The point of contention? Whether this fictional character from a sitcom in the mids was to be described as an "irascible curmudgeon" or as merely "irritable". Was protagonist Fry cryonically frozen or cryogenically frozen or even crygenically frozen? Why don't we just say he was frozen? Seeing as it has been changed nearly daily since the creation of the article occasionally accompanied by a bit of text on the talk page uncovering some new evidence gleaned from an audio commentary , we may never know An editor added the sentence "The conceit of 'questioning answers' is original to Jeopardy!
Is he an "English retired musician" or a "retired English musician"? Another one bites the dust Was it just a wound or a "minor wound"? Should wound itself be wikilinked? Was the injury "bandaged", or simply wrapped with "gauze"? Is Kerry's family background pertinent?
The wound issue ended with the Rex arbitration case and that editor being banned from editing the article for a year. One year later, the same edit war re-ignited, leading to another arbitration case and the permanent ban of said editor, who then departed Wikipedia.
Is she an " entertainer " or a " journalist? This edit war is fast approaching its first year of existence, mostly a dispute between two users, but has drawn in other editors for brief periods. It started with disputed information on the guns, then moved on to repeated accusations of using weasel words, NPOV, original research, sock-puppetry, disruption of Wikipedia, and vandalism. An edit war over what to call Mozart's buttocks!
Should the German "Arsch" in the title of a joke composition be translated as "arse" or "ass"? See first edit war , second edit war , third edit war , 3RR report , talk page hilarity. The edit summaries that accompany these are equally lame. Between these edits are much of the same. This looks to continue well into the future. The moral of the story: Whether you are going for the ass or the arse, either way, you are going to want full protection.
Dispute over the ordering of the two terms used to describe the band. The edit war also threatened to spread into other related articles as well, including Fred Durst and Rapcore. Should the term "period" or "full stop" be used to describe a full stop or period? An edit war and heated discussion on the talk page broke out over this very issue. This use of the term "alternate" is consistent with usage in North America, where it means "taking the place of; alternative".
This has prompted many editors to try, even after a wikilink and hidden note was added, to change the term to "alternative airport", which is not consistent with usage in the aviation field. Was Mama Vicki Lawrence "pro-active", "foxy", "clever", "cunning", or none of the above? Apparently this question is important enough to occupy more than thirty edits in one day.
Active vs. Has the GameCube been discontinued thus it "has failed" to regain the market share lost by its predecessor, the Nintendo 64? Or, since both the Xbox and PS2 have been discontinued, is the GameCube "failing" to regain the market share? An edit war over these two words ensues after an editor attempts to get the wording changed from the former to the latter.
After a very passionate discussion and an inconclusive sockpuppet report, full protection ends the war. Was the manga published by Viz in a "flipped" format , reading left-to-right, or in a "flipped" , left-to-right format? Is Adam Carr Ph. In addition to five reverts, also spawns thread on the Administrators Noticeboard.
An admin and a user edit war over a number of album articles over the use of "second" or "sophomore".
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Bloomberg Technology. Retrieved 19 December Retrieved Proof of authority Proof of personhood Proof of space Proof of stake Proof of work. Ethereum Ethereum Classic. Cardano is developed and designed by a team of academics and engineers. Cardano uses Ouroboros proof of stake technology.
In contrast, Bitcoin uses the proof of work system; the first blockchain entry and the longest blockchain blockchain with the most computing power is used to determine the honest blockchain. Cardano uses only the first blockchain entry, whereafter the honest chain is proven locally without the need of a trusted party. Within the Cardano platform, Ada exists on the settlement layer. This layer is similar to Bitcoin and keeps track of transactions.
The second layer is the computation layer. This layer is similar to Ethereum , enabling smart contracts and applications to run on the platform. Atypically, Cardano does not have a white paper. Instead it uses design principles intended to improve upon issues faced by other cryptocurrencies, such as scalability, interoperability, and regulatory compliance. Cardano's smart contract language allows developers to run end-to-end tests on their program without leaving the integrated development environment or deploying their code.
The platform will be built atop the Cardano blockchain. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article may contain wording that promotes the subject through exaggeration of unnoteworthy facts. Please help improve it by removing or replacing such wording. November Learn how and when to remove this template message. Retrieved October 23, Retrieved October 28, — via GitHub.
February 24, Retrieved December 25, June 26, Retrieved July 2, Bloomberg L. December 20, Archived from the original on June 26, Luzerner Zeitung. February 20, Retrieved July 7, Retrieved April 1, October 6, Forbes Magazine. Retrieved July 12, IOHK's key project: Cardano, a public blockchain and smart-contract platform which hosts the Ada cryptocurrency.
Financial Times. January 27,
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