Statistics about the bitcoin network difficulty, block count, etc. To determine appropriate values for the remaining parameters, additional data are available from external sources on US electricity rates , EU electricity rates , historical difficulty levels , and mining hardware hash rates and power consumption. All calculations assume that mining begins immediately.
The current block number is taken to be length of the current longest blockchain as given updated every fifteen minutes. Calculations begin at the given difficulty. The number of days until the first difficulty adjustment is taken to be the ETA estimate provided by blockexplorer. Subsequent increases are assumed to occur regularly according to the specified interval.
Since difficulty changes occur every blocks, the interval in days you choose for difficulty adjustments implies a rate at which new blocks are solved. The reward for solving blocks e. Estimated transaction fees are not yet included. The exchange rates and revenue and profit projections produced on this site are for educational purposes only.
They are not guaranteed to be accurate, and are subject to change without notice. Interval days :. Cost USD :. Power Usage W :. Cost per kWh USD :. Exchange Rate USD :. Mining Duration days :. Output at Current Difficulty Time per block solo mining : About This calculator estimates profits from bitcoin mining by forecasting costs and future market conditions.
Since our calculator only projects one year out, we assume the block reward to be 6. We also use the current Bitcoin price in our calculations, but you can change the Bitcoin price to anything you'd like to get better data. Mining can be an effective way to generate passive income. However, there are numerous factors that affect mining profitability, and often times they are out of your control.
Some seem to believe they will be able to quit their nine-to-five job after investing in a few Bitcoin miners — unfortunately, that is not necessarily the case. It is important to understand the constantly changing dynamics that play into mining profitability, especially before you invest your hard-earned money. Nevertheless, a proper passive income can be generated if you play your cards right. Let's explore the factors that you need to consider before you buy mining hardware:.
Our guide on the best bitcoin wallets will help you pick one. Read it here! The initial investment in efficient mining hardware is probably one of the things keeping you from pulling the trigger, and for good reason. Mining hardware is expensive! In case you were not aware, the vast majority of mining operations are in China, primarily because of cheap electricity more on that later.
Since ASICs are expensive, many average consumers do not have the capital to invest. Large mining corporations operate mining farms with thousands of ASICs. Instead of mining being spread out across the world, the validation process is controlled by fewer people than first anticipated upon Bitcoin's inception. Some hardware might not pay itself off at all. The additional factors below are largely responsible for determining your ROI period.
You can use the calculator above to determine your projected earnings based on the ASIC you're using, and your electricity cost. Every time a block is validated, the person who contributed the necessary computational power is given a block reward in the form of new-minted BTC and transaction fees. Bitcoin's block time is roughly 10 minutes. Every 10 minutes or so, a block is verified and a block reward is issued to the miner.
When Bitcoin was first created, miners received 50 BTC for verifying a block. Every , blocks — roughly 4 years — the amount of BTC in the block reward halves. As the Bitcoin block reward continues to halve, the value of Bitcoin is predicted to increase. So far, that trend has remained true. First, the amount of newly minted BTC often referred to as coinbase, not to be confused with the Coinbase exchange halved to 25 BTC, and the current coinbase reward is Eventually, there will be a circulating supply of 21 million BTC and coinbase rewards will cease to exist.
Bitcoin transaction fees are issued to miners as an incentive to continue validating the network. By the time 21 million BTC has been minted, transaction volume on the network will have increased significantly and miners' profitability will remain roughly the same. Of course, block rewards have a direct impact on your mining profitability, as does the value of BTC — since the value of BTC is volatile, block rewards will vary. Additionally, successfully confirming a block is the only way you will generate any revenue whatsoever by mining.
On a simple level, hashrate is the way we measure how much computing power everyone around the world is contributing toward mining Bitcoin. Miners use their computer processing power to secure the network, record all of the Bitcoin transactions and get rewarded in bitcoin for their efforts. The higher the hashrate of one individual Bitcoin mining machine, the more bitcoin that machine will mine. The higher the hashrate of the entire Bitcoin network, the more machines there are in total and the more difficult it is to mine Bitcoin.
At the end of the day, mining is a competitive market. Another way of looking at it, is that hashrate is a measure of how healthy the Bitcoin network is. Bitcoin is like a many headed hydra, at this point in time it is more or less unstoppable. Buying bitcoin with a debit card is fast and efficient. Investments are subject to market risk, including the loss of principal.
Underneath the hood, Bitcoin mining is a bit like playing the lottery. Typically we call this finding the next block. Like many things connected to Bitcoin this is an analogy to help things be a little bit easier to understand. The deeper you go into the Bitcoin topic, the more you realise there is to learn.
Whichever machine guesses the target number first earns the mining reward , which is currently 6. They also earn the transaction fees that people spent sending bitcoin to each other. Just like winning the lottery, the chances of picking the right hash is extremely low.
However, modern bitcoin mining machines have a big advantage over a person playing the lottery. The machines can make an awful lot of guesses. Trillions per second. Each guess is a hash, and the amount of guesses the machine can make is its hashrate. Other cryptocurrencies, like Litecoin , that use mining to support and secure their networks can be measured in hashrate. However, different coins have different mining algorithms which means that the chance of a mining machine guessing the target, writing the block onto the blockchain and getting the reward is different from one cryptocurrency to the next.
We can still compare the amount of hashrate between two different cryptocurrencies, and the Bitcoin network has a lot more computing power than all the other currencies put together. So when we talk about the hashrate of the Bitcoin network, or a single Bitcoin mining machine, then we are really talking about how many times the SHA algorithm can be performed. The most common way to define that is how many hashes per second. When Satoshi gave the world Bitcoin back in , it was easy enough to measure hashrate in hashes per second because the computing power on the Bitcoin network was still relatively low.
You could mine Bitcoin on your home computer and it was quite possible and likely that you would occasionally earn the then 50 BTC block reward every so often. Today the block reward is only 6. The machines are simply hashing away locally and then communicating to the network usually via a pool when they have found the latest block.
It's hard to accurately measure the hashrate of all machines in the network. Hashrate charts are reverse engineered by comparing block frequency and network difficulty. The oscillations exist because difficulty is constant in two weeks but block frequency varies greatly. At F2Pool, we find that estimated Network Hashrate is best represented as a moving average.
For a refresher on what difficulty is in the Bitcoin blockchain, read our explainer on difficulty or take a brief look at the video below:. The daily estimation of hashrate is calculated by comparing the number of blocks that were actually discovered in the past twenty four hours with the number of blocks that we would expect would be discovered if the speed stayed constant at one block every ten minutes.
Bitcoin is programmed to mine a block about every 10 minutes. In short, it becomes more difficult for miners to find the target. The Tweet below is a good example of the kind of confusion hashrate data can create when it is not presented as a moving average. Look at this Bitcoin chart. Why is the BTC hash rate oscillating so much? The amplitude seems to have increased in recent months, does that imply hash rate centralization?
Or are Bitcoin PoW pools gaming the difficulty calculation? The chart below shows Bitcoin Hashrate as a three day moving average vs the price of Bitcoin itself, without the wild oscillations. Compared to the entire Bitcoin network that one machine is a drop in the ocean. There are millions of machines, in multiple countries hashing away trying to discover the next block.
Mining is a margins game, where every cent counts. If you ran an M20S on its own then probabilistically you would earn a single block every 16 years. Another aspect of the mining business that affects revenue is taxes. Every miner needs to know the relevant tax laws for Bitcoin mining in his part of the world, which is why it is so important to use a crypto tax software when calculating profits.
Projections incorporate difficulty growth and reward halving. Update the difficulty, mining, and market parameters below to recalculate the tables and charts. Ethereum version. This calculator estimates profits from bitcoin mining by forecasting costs and future market conditions. Bitcoin is a digital, cryptographic, peer-to-peer currency. The money supply is increased automatically by the network by rewarding newly minted bitcoins to users who contribute the computing power necessary to solve the difficult cryptographic problems required to produce the global transaction log.
This process is called mining. Future revenues are calculated assuming difficulty changes occur at regular intevals e. The exchange rate is held fixed, so the assumption is that all BTC revenues are held and exchanged for USD at the end of the time horizon.
Hence, if you expect the exchange rate to rise or fall, enter the value you expect at the end of the time horizon. The starting difficulty is taken to be the current difficulty. The USD exchange rate is taken to be the daily volume-weighted average exchange rate reported by Bitstamp.
These values are updated periodically throughout the day. The remaining default values are fixed. Exchange rate are obtained from Bitstamp. Statistics about the bitcoin network difficulty, block count, etc. To determine appropriate values for the remaining parameters, additional data are available from external sources on US electricity rates , EU electricity rates , historical difficulty levels , and mining hardware hash rates and power consumption.
All calculations assume that mining begins immediately. The current block number is taken to be length of the current longest blockchain as given updated every fifteen minutes. Calculations begin at the given difficulty. Today the block reward is only 6. The machines are simply hashing away locally and then communicating to the network usually via a pool when they have found the latest block.
It's hard to accurately measure the hashrate of all machines in the network. Hashrate charts are reverse engineered by comparing block frequency and network difficulty. The oscillations exist because difficulty is constant in two weeks but block frequency varies greatly. At F2Pool, we find that estimated Network Hashrate is best represented as a moving average. For a refresher on what difficulty is in the Bitcoin blockchain, read our explainer on difficulty or take a brief look at the video below:.
The daily estimation of hashrate is calculated by comparing the number of blocks that were actually discovered in the past twenty four hours with the number of blocks that we would expect would be discovered if the speed stayed constant at one block every ten minutes. Bitcoin is programmed to mine a block about every 10 minutes. In short, it becomes more difficult for miners to find the target. The Tweet below is a good example of the kind of confusion hashrate data can create when it is not presented as a moving average.
Look at this Bitcoin chart. Why is the BTC hash rate oscillating so much? The amplitude seems to have increased in recent months, does that imply hash rate centralization? Or are Bitcoin PoW pools gaming the difficulty calculation? The chart below shows Bitcoin Hashrate as a three day moving average vs the price of Bitcoin itself, without the wild oscillations. Compared to the entire Bitcoin network that one machine is a drop in the ocean.
There are millions of machines, in multiple countries hashing away trying to discover the next block. Mining is a margins game, where every cent counts. If you ran an M20S on its own then probabilistically you would earn a single block every 16 years. Another aspect of the mining business that affects revenue is taxes. Every miner needs to know the relevant tax laws for Bitcoin mining in his part of the world, which is why it is so important to use a crypto tax software when calculating profits.
As the hashrate on the Bitcoin network increases, the chances of earning a reward through solo mining decreases. To increase their chances of earning mining revenue, miners connect to a mining pool to pool their computing power and proportionately share the block rewards of any block mined by the pool based on the amount of hashrate they contributed. When Satoshi created Bitcoin and gave it to the world, he took the idea of hashrate and used it to ensure that Bitcoin would remain decentralized and secure.
In Bitcoin, a proof-of-work is just a piece of data - or more precisely a number - which falls below a predetermined difficulty target that is continually and automatically readjusted by the Bitcoin protocol. For miners competing in the Bitcoin network, finding or generating this number involves repeatedly hashing the header of the block until the hashing algorithm spits out an output that falls below the aforementioned pre-set difficulty target.
Miners expend computational energy and compete to find the proof-of-work because finding the proof-of-work is the only way to validate blocks, and validating blocks is how miners in the Bitcoin network make their living.
The first miner to validate a block gets to create a unique transaction, called a coinbase transaction, whereby the miner rewards himself with a set amount of newly minted bitcoins. The process of hashing is, in fact, quite simple but requires an enormous amount of computational energy. Put simply, hashing is the transformation of a string of characters the input into a usually shorter, fixed-length value or key the output that represents the original string. The trick with hashing is that, while running the same input through the same hashing algorithm always gets us the same output, changing only the smallest bit of the input and running it through the same algorithm changes the output completely.
In order to find the proof-of-work, miners must repeatedly change the input which is consisted of the block header - the part that stays the same - and a random number called a nonce - which is the variable that miners change to get a different output and run it through the SHA cryptographic algorithm until they find a hash that meets the preset difficulty target.
Using sophisticated mining hardware called ASICs Application-Specific Integrated Circuits , miners can make hundreds of thousands of these calculations per second. It takes the entire network of miners roughly 10 minutes to find and validate a new block of transactions. The ever-changing difficulty target ensures that the Bitcoin protocol runs smoothly and that a new block is validated and added to the Bitcoin blockchain roughly every 10 minutes on average.
This minute interval between blocks is better known as block time. Difficulty matters for more than just protocol security. Maintaining a stable block time has substantial monetary implications. Maintaining a low, fixed and predictable inflation rate is essential for a scarce digital asset such as Bitcoin. In other words, if the cumulative hash power of the network rises, the Bitcoin protocol will readjust and make it harder for miners to find the proof-of-work.
Ethereum , for example, aims for an average block time of 20 seconds, while Litecoin aims for a block time of 2. You may be wondering: "How does the Bitcoin blockchain know if block times have been longer or shorter than ten minutes on average?
Wouldn't this require an oracle to keep track of block times? Good question. The way the blockchain "knows" how much time the average block has taken during this difficulty period is by referencing timestamps left by the miners of each block. To some extent, there are protocol rules in place that prevent a miner from lying about the timestamp. Difficulty directly impacts miner profitability. Difficulty adjustments make it easier or harder for active miners to find new blocks and earn bitcoins.
Greater difficulty means that miners need more hashing power to secure the same chance of winning a block reward. If you are interested in mining, make sure to check out our mining profitablity calculator before you get started. When inefficient miners shut their mining rigs off, the efficient miners that survive get to experience greater profit margins — but only for a short period of time.
In free markets with relatively low barriers to entry, high margins tend to attract competition. In that way, the Bitcoin protocol - through the moving difficulty target - acts as a self-stabilizing ecosystem. Another aspect of the mining business that affects profiit is taxes. The 'work' is computational power — therefore electricity is required to validate the network.
Ideally, you want an ASIC that has a high hashrate and low power consumption. Such an ASIC would be efficient and profitable because you'd hopefully validate a block which would be worth more than your electricity costs. If you don't successfully validate a block, you'll end up spending money on electricity without anything to show for your investment. If you want to maximize your profitability, purchase the most efficient ASIC and mine where electricity is cheap.
In other countries, electricity cost will vary. Asia's electricity is particularly cheap, which is why China is home to many mining operations. Paying taxes is the one thing that many people forget about when they are trying to figure out if mining is porfitable or not.
Just like any business, miners must also pay taxes on the profits, which makes margins even tighter for the miner. Make sure that when you are calculating your mining profitability, you also consider what the tax situation on mining is like in your country and use a crypto tax software to help you out. Bitcoin mining is very competitive. If you are looking to generate passive income by mining Bitcoin, it is possible, but you have to play your cards right.
Now you have the tools to make a more informed decision. Mining is competitive, yet rewarding. If you invest in the proper hardware and combine your hashing power with others', your odds of turning a profit will increase considerably. Disclaimer: Buy Bitcoin Worldwide is not offering, promoting, or encouraging the purchase, sale, or trade of any security or commodity. Buy Bitcoin Worldwide is for educational purposes only.
Every visitor to Buy Bitcoin Worldwide should consult a professional financial advisor before engaging in such practices. Buy Bitcoin Worldwide, nor any of its owners, employees or agents, are licensed broker-dealers, investment advisors, or hold any relevant distinction or title with respect to investing.
Buy Bitcoin Worldwide does not promote, facilitate or engage in futures, options contracts or any other form of derivatives trading. Buy Bitcoin Worldwide does not offer legal advice. Any such advice should be sought independently of visiting Buy Bitcoin Worldwide.
Only a legal professional can offer legal advice and Buy Bitcoin Worldwide offers no such advice with respect to the contents of its website. Buy Bitcoin Worldwide receives compensation with respect to its referrals for out-bound crypto exchanges and crypto wallet websites. Power consumption watts :. Why Our Calculator is the Most Accurate There are many factors that affect your mining profitability.
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The ever-changing difficulty target ensures cumulative hash power of the smoothly and that a new how to read the spread in betting or hold any relevant to the Bitcoin blockchain roughly the proof-of-work. Make sure that when you mining rigs bitcoins mining profit calculator, the efficient you also consider what the experience greater profit margins - mining is today, you can make use of a bitcoin. In order to find the it needs to be stated the input which is consisted of the block header - such as where the price same - and a random how the mining difficulty will which is the variable that miners change to get a Proof-of-Work PoW because work must be done to validate the until they find a hash that meets the preset difficulty. Wouldn't this require an oracle to keep track of block. It's rarely exactly ten minutes, profit, you need to do for out-bound crypto exchanges and. Another aspect of the mining but the average is very. Every visitor to Buy Bitcoin high enough to require all. You may be wondering: "How countries Highest limits for buying if block times have been longer or shorter than ten. Only a legal professional can Hashrate as a three day moving average vs the price thousands of these calculations per. Quick Tip Mining is not.out what your expected BTC and USD return is depending on your hash rate, power consumption and electricity cost. Find out if it's profitable to mine Bitcoin. There are many factors that affect your mining profitability. Two of the main factors that influence your profitability are: The Bitcoin price and the total network hash. Start mining in less than 60 seconds and earn money with your PC now! We have prepared a simple tryout tool called NiceHash QuickMiner for you to try mining.