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If all is well, it and your IV will be removed the following day. Laparoscopic surgery may require only one night in the hospital and may cause a little less postoperative pain. Your doctor will advise you how long you should wait to have sexual intercourse. Eat well and get plenty of rest to allow your body to heal. Frequent movement, such as walking, will help you avoid blood clots. Slowly build up your physical activity as advised. Many women are placed on hormone replacement medication.
Serious complications after oophorectomy are rare , but you may be more prone to complications if you have diabetes , are obese, or are a smoker. Report unusual side effects to your doctor right away. Recovery time is different for everybody. After laparoscopic surgery, you may be able to return to your normal routine two weeks after surgery. For abdominal surgery, it can take up to six weeks or more for a full recovery.
Your doctor will be able to give you an idea of recovery time based on your personal health profile. You might wonder how sex is different after a hysterectomy, including where sperm goes. We've got answers to all your questions. If your menstrual period is consistently longer or heavier than normal, your doctor may recommend endometrial ablation. Learn more. Bleeding after hysterectomy can be normal, but if you have too much bleeding, new bleeding, or heavy bleeding, it could mean there is a problem….
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We explain what melanin is and its…. The earlier you are in your pregnancy, the more possible it is that a hidden baby is reluctant to make their big ultrasound debut. Oophorectomy: What to Expect. Medically reviewed by Debra Rose Wilson, Ph. This procedure may be used to treat: pelvic inflammatory disease chronic pelvic pain ectopic pregnancy benign tumors large ovarian cysts In women who carry mutations of the BRCA1 or BRCA2 genes, oophorectomy may be performed to lower the risk of ovarian cancer.
What else does oophorectomy involve? How should I prepare for oophorectomy? What happens during the procedure? Potential side effects and risks. Read this next. Medically reviewed by Carolyn Kay, MD. Endometrial Ablation: What to Expect. Bleeding After Hysterectomy: What to Expect. The pouch is pulled out of your abdomen through one of the small incisions. Laparoscopic oophorectomy can also be done with the assistance of a surgical robot.
During robotic surgery, the surgeon watches a 3D monitor and uses hand controls that allow movement of the surgical tools. Whether your oophorectomy is an open, laparoscopic or robotic procedure depends on your situation. Laparoscopic or robotic oophorectomy usually offers quicker recovery, less pain and a shorter hospital stay.
But these procedures aren't appropriate for everyone, and in some cases, surgery that begins as laparoscopic may need to be converted to an open procedure during the operation. Most people are able to go home after oophorectomy surgery and won't need to spend the night in the hospital. How quickly you can go back to your normal activities after an oophorectomy depends on your situation, including the reason for your surgery and how it was performed. Explore Mayo Clinic studies of tests and procedures to help prevent, detect, treat or manage conditions.
Mayo Clinic does not endorse companies or products. Advertising revenue supports our not-for-profit mission. This content does not have an English version. This content does not have an Arabic version. Overview Female reproductive system Open pop-up dialog box Close. Female reproductive system The ovaries, fallopian tubes, uterus, cervix and vagina make up the female reproductive system.
Ovarian cancer Open pop-up dialog box Close. Ovarian cancer Ovarian cancer is a type of cancer that begins in the ovaries. Request an Appointment at Mayo Clinic. Laparoscopic oophorectomy Open pop-up dialog box Close. Laparoscopic oophorectomy Laparoscopic oophorectomy uses special tools inserted through multiple incisions in your abdomen to remove your ovaries. Share on: Facebook Twitter. Show references Hoffman BL, et al. Surgeries for benign gynecologic disorders.
In: Williams Gynecology. The McGraw-Hill Companies; Accessed Aug. Valea FA, et al. Oophorectomy and ovarian cystectomy. Faubion SS, et al. Long-term health consequences of premature or early menopause and considerations for management. Lentz GM, et al. Preoperative counseling and management. In: Comprehensive Gynecology.
This is called prophylactic or protective ovary removal, or prophylactic oophorectomy. Removing the ovaries is one way to permanently stop the ovaries from producing estrogen. Medicines also can be used to temporarily stop the ovaries from making estrogen called medical shutdown.
Ovarian shutdown with medication or surgical removal is only for premenopausal women. A study shows that premenopausal women who had their ovaries removed and took tamoxifen for 5 years after breast cancer surgery had a lower risk of the breast cancer coming back and better survival rates compared to premenopausal women who didn't have their ovaries removed and took tamoxifen after surgery.
While this is considered aggressive treatment because it puts you prematurely and permanently in menopause, it may be a good treatment option for women who don't want to have any more biological children or for women who are at high risk for the cancer coming back. While most of the estrogen in a woman's body is made by the ovaries, smaller amounts of estrogen are made in other parts of the body; a steroid produced by the adrenal glands androgen is made into estrogen in fat tissue.
This is why you still might take tamoxifen after prophylactic ovary removal — to block the effect of any estrogen in your body. Many studies show that prophylactic ovary removal reduces the risk of breast cancer among high-risk women who haven't been diagnosed with disease. Being high-risk also can mean that you have a strong family history of breast cancer, ovarian cancer, or both.
This benefit occurs only if the ovary removal is performed before menopause. A study showed that reduction in breast cancer risk after ovary removal is higher in women with an abnormal BRCA2 gene. For more information, please visit the Prophylactic Ovary Removal section. Medicines can be used to temporarily stop the ovaries from making estrogen. Two of the most common ovarian shutdown medicines are:. These medicines work by telling the brain to stop the ovaries from making estrogen.
The medicines are given as injections once a month for several months or every few months. Once you stop taking the medicine, the ovaries begin functioning again. The time it takes for the ovaries to recover can vary from woman to woman. Women who want to bear children after breast cancer treatment may prefer medical shutdown of the ovaries over surgical ovary removal.
The surgery usually takes between 1 and 4 hours. Traditional surgery requires general anesthesia. The surgeon makes an incision in your abdomen and removes the ovaries and fallopian tubes. Then the incision is stitched, stapled, or glued.
This procedure can be performed under general or local anesthesia. A laparoscope is a tube with a light and a camera, so your surgeon can see your pelvic organs without making a large incision. These are removed through the small incisions.
Finally, the incisions are closed. This procedure is also done through small incisions. The surgeon uses a robotic arm instead of a laparoscope. Equipped with a camera, the robotic arm allows for high-definition visualization.
Precise movements of the robotic arm allow the surgeon to locate and remove the ovaries and fallopian tubes. The incisions are then closed. Laparoscopic or robotic surgery may involve an overnight hospital stay but can sometimes be done on an outpatient basis. The open abdominal procedure may require a few days in the hospital. After surgery, you may have bandages over your incisions. Your doctor will tell you when you can remove them.
Your doctor will probably prescribe antibiotics to prevent infection. You may also need pain medication, especially if you have open surgery. Moving around frequently will help prevent blood clots. Depending on the specifics of your surgery, your doctor will give you instructions regarding bathing and showering, and when you can resume sexual activity.
Your doctor will also let you know when to come in for a follow-up. In general, laparoscopic and robotic surgeries cause less postsurgical pain and less scarring than an abdominal incision. You may be able to resume normal activities within two to three weeks, versus six to eight weeks for abdominal surgery. Salpingo-oophorectomy is considered a relatively safe procedure, but as with any surgery, it has some risks. These include bleeding, infection, or a bad reaction to anesthesia.
These may include:. In the long term, menopause increases the risk of heart disease and osteoporosis. Learn more about what to expect during menopause. Salpingo-oophorectomy has been shown to increase survival for women who carry BRCA gene mutations. Salpingectomy is surgical removal of one or both fallopian tubes. It can be done on its own or combined with other surgeries.
Surgical menopause occurs after both ovaries are surgically removed. Learn about the benefits and risks of having this procedure. Many women experience occasional ovary pain. Although it's likely related to your menstrual cycle, it may be a sign of an underlying condition. You might wonder how sex is different after a hysterectomy, including where sperm goes. We've got answers to all your questions. If your menstrual period is consistently longer or heavier than normal, your doctor may recommend endometrial ablation.