why are bitcoins worth anything

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The main takeaway from the article: Brady plans every detail of his life so he can play football as long as possible, and he'll do anything he can to get an edge. He diets all year round, takes scheduled naps in the offseason, never misses a workout, eats what his teammates call "birdseed," and does cognitive exercises to keep his brain sharp. Brady struggles to unwind after games and practices. He's still processing, thinking about what's next.

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Why are bitcoins worth anything

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Valuing the bitcoin cryptocurrency is complementary to these ideologies. Bitcoin has storied academic roots, regardless of its reputation for use in illicit markets. Two prominent economic schools of thought, the Austrian school and the Chicago school , are often cited by Bitcoiners as accomplices in the task to free money from government printers. The Austrian school was founded by Viennese professor Carl Menger in the late 19th century. Even at the time, Menger was known for heterodox views and for sparring with the dominant economic thinking of the time not much differently from many Bitcoin advocates today.

Menger argued the value of any good is derived from humans themselves; that is to say, no good or service holds intrinsic value. Hayek in the midth century. Mises, for one, crafted an argument demonstrating that the market created money, as opposed to the view that the government created money, known as Chartalism. Hayek, winner of the Nobel Prize, would go on to advocate the creation of a money system outside of government in the later 20th century.

Milton Friedman, the most well-known member of the Chicago school of economics, also called for the creation of a digital currency. Bitcoin instantiates all of these principles. That, in itself, distinguishes it from other fringe monetary movements such as MintTheCoin , which is a purely community-driven phenomenon. The central tenet of Bitcoin is its 21 million BTC supply cap. Read more: Bitcoin Halving, Explained. Federal Reserve and other central banks.

Bitcoin skeptics often decry a lack of intrinsic value, a lack of cash flows and a lack of historical precedent for the digital asset, among other points. Bitcoin could crash down to Earth at any point. Bitcoin and gold hold some correlations from a theoretical standpoint, but it depends on what point you focus on, Acheson said. The real tipping point is if pensions, endowments and sovereign wealth funds start to get in the game. A successive all-time high valuation gives additional credence to bitcoin as a digital asset, Sztorc said.

Still, a higher price per unit translates into not only additional attention to the asset but more throughput in U. The Buffett Indicator has gone haywire of late. The change to the tax code could allow millions of working families to save thousands on their taxes, but only if they are savvy about how they file this year. Investors have been fixated on growth companies over the past year, and one segment which has been on the rise is the fledgling cannabis industry.

The sector offers a unique proposition and the prospect of further growth, as there is still a major catalyst on the horizon which will completely alter the industry. As expected, a Democrat led senate has been good news for those banking on marijuana reform at the federal level; And it looks like the anticipated changes could happen faster than initially expected. The statement feeds expectations that the Democratic Congressional majority will pass — and that President Biden will sign — a bill to legalize marijuana.

Investors are also looking at further state-level legalization moves; one key state in this regard is New York. So, the cannabis industry is looking up. There is an expanding network of state legalization regimes, and expectations of a change in federal policy; both are putting upward pressure on cannabis shares. Both have posted impressive year-to-date performances, and stand to rise even more in the year ahead. The company started out as a farmer, producing high-quality greenhouse vegetables year-round for sale in the North American market.

That background fit the company well for a transition to the cannabis industry — Village Farms has experience in greenhouse production and industrial-scale growing. Two important pieces of news precipitated the surge since the end of January. The move increases the international reach of Village Farms, and its ability to increase Altum holdings in the future.

The company was able to fund these moves because it had a successful equity sale in January, putting an additional In addition to its strong capital and expansion positions, Village Farms has been reporting solid financial results. VFF has historically been undervalued compared to less profitable peers, but we expect shares to continue working higher … as the prospect for US reform increases throughout the year.

The company is involved in both the medical and recreational sides of the market, and both grows and produces cannabis and markets a range of products through numerous brand names. Growth has been fueled by expansion of the cultivation operations in California and Pennsylvania, and by the move into the adult-use recreational market in New Jersey.

Last month, TerrAscend closed a non-brokered private placement stock sale, putting more than 18 million common shares on the market. We have been bullish on the company since initiating coverage last year and are happy to say the TRSSF team has exceeded our expectations, generating rapid increases in margins and operating leverage that have earned them a place solidly in the Top Tier of MSOs," Des Lauriers noted. Disclaimer: The opinions expressed in this article are solely those of the featured analysts.

The content is intended to be used for informational purposes only. It is very important to do your own analysis before making any investment. Retirement account owners have long had trouble translating the money in their k into income. But large companies have been investing in Tesla for many years. The company also invested. Photo courtesy of Tesla. Benzinga does not provide investment advice. All rights reserved. Bloomberg -- Apple Inc. The secret project has gained momentum in recent months, adding multiple former Tesla Inc.

The initiative, known as Project Titan inside Apple, is attracting intense interest because of its potential to upend the automotive industry and supply chains, much like the iPhone did to the smartphone market. The following companies -- whose representatives declined to comment -- are possible candidates:FoxconnFoxconn Technology Group already has a close relationship with Apple.

For well over a decade, it has been the U. It also plans to release a solid-state battery by MagnaMagna, based in Ontario, Canada, is the third-largest auto supplier in the world by sales, and has a contract-manufacturing operation with years of experience making entire car models for a variety of auto brands.

Magna produces everything from chassis and car seats to sensors and software for driver-assistance features. Magna also pitches its engineering and manufacturing services to EV startups. Last fall, it agreed to provide Fisker Inc. Hyundai or KiaHyundai Motor Co. Hyundai and Kia both have plants in the U.

While the two sell EVs derived from existing models, they will start selling vehicles based on the dedicated EV platform from March, helping to bring down costs and improve performance efficiency. While Bitcoin remains a relatively new phenomenon, it is growing fast. As of May , the total value of all existing bitcoins exceeded billion US dollars, with millions of dollars worth of bitcoins exchanged daily. While it may be possible to find individuals who wish to sell bitcoins in exchange for a credit card or PayPal payment, most exchanges do not allow funding via these payment methods.

This is due to cases where someone buys bitcoins with PayPal, and then reverses their half of the transaction. This is commonly referred to as a chargeback. Bitcoin payments are easier to make than debit or credit card purchases, and can be received without a merchant account.

Payments are made from a wallet application, either on your computer or smartphone, by entering the recipient's address, the payment amount, and pressing send. To make it easier to enter a recipient's address, many wallets can obtain the address by scanning a QR code or touching two phones together with NFC technology. Much of the trust in Bitcoin comes from the fact that it requires no trust at all.

Bitcoin is fully open-source and decentralized. This means that anyone has access to the entire source code at any time. Any developer in the world can therefore verify exactly how Bitcoin works. All transactions and bitcoins issued into existence can be transparently consulted in real-time by anyone. All payments can be made without reliance on a third party and the whole system is protected by heavily peer-reviewed cryptographic algorithms like those used for online banking.

No organization or individual can control Bitcoin, and the network remains secure even if not all of its users can be trusted. You should never expect to get rich with Bitcoin or any emerging technology. It is always important to be wary of anything that sounds too good to be true or disobeys basic economic rules.

Bitcoin is a growing space of innovation and there are business opportunities that also include risks. There is no guarantee that Bitcoin will continue to grow even though it has developed at a very fast rate so far.

Investing time and resources on anything related to Bitcoin requires entrepreneurship. There are various ways to make money with Bitcoin such as mining, speculation or running new businesses. All of these methods are competitive and there is no guarantee of profit.

It is up to each individual to make a proper evaluation of the costs and the risks involved in any such project. Bitcoin is as virtual as the credit cards and online banking networks people use everyday. Bitcoin can be used to pay online and in physical stores just like any other form of money. Bitcoins can also be exchanged in physical form such as the Denarium coins , but paying with a mobile phone usually remains more convenient.

Bitcoin balances are stored in a large distributed network, and they cannot be fraudulently altered by anybody. In other words, Bitcoin users have exclusive control over their funds and bitcoins cannot vanish just because they are virtual. Bitcoin is designed to allow its users to send and receive payments with an acceptable level of privacy as well as any other form of money. However, Bitcoin is not anonymous and cannot offer the same level of privacy as cash.

The use of Bitcoin leaves extensive public records. Various mechanisms exist to protect users' privacy, and more are in development. However, there is still work to be done before these features are used correctly by most Bitcoin users.

Some concerns have been raised that private transactions could be used for illegal purposes with Bitcoin. However, it is worth noting that Bitcoin will undoubtedly be subjected to similar regulations that are already in place inside existing financial systems. Bitcoin cannot be more anonymous than cash and it is not likely to prevent criminal investigations from being conducted.

Additionally, Bitcoin is also designed to prevent a large range of financial crimes. When a user loses his wallet, it has the effect of removing money out of circulation. Lost bitcoins still remain in the block chain just like any other bitcoins. However, lost bitcoins remain dormant forever because there is no way for anybody to find the private key s that would allow them to be spent again.

Because of the law of supply and demand, when fewer bitcoins are available, the ones that are left will be in higher demand and increase in value to compensate. The Bitcoin network can already process a much higher number of transactions per second than it does today.

It is, however, not entirely ready to scale to the level of major credit card networks. Work is underway to lift current limitations, and future requirements are well known. Since inception, every aspect of the Bitcoin network has been in a continuous process of maturation, optimization, and specialization, and it should be expected to remain that way for some years to come.

As traffic grows, more Bitcoin users may use lightweight clients, and full network nodes may become a more specialized service. For more details, see the Scalability page on the Wiki. To the best of our knowledge, Bitcoin has not been made illegal by legislation in most jurisdictions. However, some jurisdictions such as Argentina and Russia severely restrict or ban foreign currencies.

Other jurisdictions such as Thailand may limit the licensing of certain entities such as Bitcoin exchanges. Regulators from various jurisdictions are taking steps to provide individuals and businesses with rules on how to integrate this new technology with the formal, regulated financial system. Bitcoin is money, and money has always been used both for legal and illegal purposes. Cash, credit cards and current banking systems widely surpass Bitcoin in terms of their use to finance crime.

Bitcoin can bring significant innovation in payment systems and the benefits of such innovation are often considered to be far beyond their potential drawbacks. Bitcoin is designed to be a huge step forward in making money more secure and could also act as a significant protection against many forms of financial crime. For instance, bitcoins are completely impossible to counterfeit.

Users are in full control of their payments and cannot receive unapproved charges such as with credit card fraud. Bitcoin transactions are irreversible and immune to fraudulent chargebacks. Bitcoin allows money to be secured against theft and loss using very strong and useful mechanisms such as backups, encryption, and multiple signatures.

Some concerns have been raised that Bitcoin could be more attractive to criminals because it can be used to make private and irreversible payments. However, these features already exist with cash and wire transfer, which are widely used and well-established. The use of Bitcoin will undoubtedly be subjected to similar regulations that are already in place inside existing financial systems, and Bitcoin is not likely to prevent criminal investigations from being conducted.

In general, it is common for important breakthroughs to be perceived as being controversial before their benefits are well understood. The Internet is a good example among many others to illustrate this. The Bitcoin protocol itself cannot be modified without the cooperation of nearly all its users, who choose what software they use. Attempting to assign special rights to a local authority in the rules of the global Bitcoin network is not a practical possibility. Any rich organization could choose to invest in mining hardware to control half of the computing power of the network and become able to block or reverse recent transactions.

However, there is no guarantee that they could retain this power since this requires to invest as much than all other miners in the world. It is however possible to regulate the use of Bitcoin in a similar way to any other instrument. Just like the dollar, Bitcoin can be used for a wide variety of purposes, some of which can be considered legitimate or not as per each jurisdiction's laws. In this regard, Bitcoin is no different than any other tool or resource and can be subjected to different regulations in each country.

Bitcoin use could also be made difficult by restrictive regulations, in which case it is hard to determine what percentage of users would keep using the technology. A government that chooses to ban Bitcoin would prevent domestic businesses and markets from developing, shifting innovation to other countries. The challenge for regulators, as always, is to develop efficient solutions while not impairing the growth of new emerging markets and businesses.

Bitcoin is not a fiat currency with legal tender status in any jurisdiction, but often tax liability accrues regardless of the medium used. There is a wide variety of legislation in many different jurisdictions which could cause income, sales, payroll, capital gains, or some other form of tax liability to arise with Bitcoin. Bitcoin is freeing people to transact on their own terms. Each user can send and receive payments in a similar way to cash but they can also take part in more complex contracts.

Multiple signatures allow a transaction to be accepted by the network only if a certain number of a defined group of persons agree to sign the transaction. This allows innovative dispute mediation services to be developed in the future. Such services could allow a third party to approve or reject a transaction in case of disagreement between the other parties without having control on their money.

As opposed to cash and other payment methods, Bitcoin always leaves a public proof that a transaction did take place, which can potentially be used in a recourse against businesses with fraudulent practices. It is also worth noting that while merchants usually depend on their public reputation to remain in business and pay their employees, they don't have access to the same level of information when dealing with new consumers.

The way Bitcoin works allows both individuals and businesses to be protected against fraudulent chargebacks while giving the choice to the consumer to ask for more protection when they are not willing to trust a particular merchant. New bitcoins are generated by a competitive and decentralized process called "mining".

This process involves that individuals are rewarded by the network for their services. Bitcoin miners are processing transactions and securing the network using specialized hardware and are collecting new bitcoins in exchange. The Bitcoin protocol is designed in such a way that new bitcoins are created at a fixed rate. This makes Bitcoin mining a very competitive business.

When more miners join the network, it becomes increasingly difficult to make a profit and miners must seek efficiency to cut their operating costs. No central authority or developer has any power to control or manipulate the system to increase their profits. Every Bitcoin node in the world will reject anything that does not comply with the rules it expects the system to follow. Bitcoins are created at a decreasing and predictable rate.

The number of new bitcoins created each year is automatically halved over time until bitcoin issuance halts completely with a total of 21 million bitcoins in existence. At this point, Bitcoin miners will probably be supported exclusively by numerous small transaction fees. Bitcoins have value because they are useful as a form of money. Bitcoin has the characteristics of money durability, portability, fungibility, scarcity, divisibility, and recognizability based on the properties of mathematics rather than relying on physical properties like gold and silver or trust in central authorities like fiat currencies.

In short, Bitcoin is backed by mathematics. With these attributes, all that is required for a form of money to hold value is trust and adoption. In the case of Bitcoin, this can be measured by its growing base of users, merchants, and startups. As with all currency, bitcoin's value comes only and directly from people willing to accept them as payment.

The price of a bitcoin is determined by supply and demand. When demand for bitcoins increases, the price increases, and when demand falls, the price falls. There is only a limited number of bitcoins in circulation and new bitcoins are created at a predictable and decreasing rate, which means that demand must follow this level of inflation to keep the price stable. Because Bitcoin is still a relatively small market compared to what it could be, it doesn't take significant amounts of money to move the market price up or down, and thus the price of a bitcoin is still very volatile.

Bitcoin price over time:. History is littered with currencies that failed and are no longer used, such as the German Mark during the Weimar Republic and, more recently, the Zimbabwean dollar. Although previous currency failures were typically due to hyperinflation of a kind that Bitcoin makes impossible, there is always potential for technical failures, competing currencies, political issues and so on. As a basic rule of thumb, no currency should be considered absolutely safe from failures or hard times.

Bitcoin has proven reliable for years since its inception and there is a lot of potential for Bitcoin to continue to grow. However, no one is in a position to predict what the future will be for Bitcoin. A fast rise in price does not constitute a bubble. An artificial over-valuation that will lead to a sudden downward correction constitutes a bubble. Choices based on individual human action by hundreds of thousands of market participants is the cause for bitcoin's price to fluctuate as the market seeks price discovery.

Reasons for changes in sentiment may include a loss of confidence in Bitcoin, a large difference between value and price not based on the fundamentals of the Bitcoin economy, increased press coverage stimulating speculative demand, fear of uncertainty, and old-fashioned irrational exuberance and greed. A Ponzi scheme is a fraudulent investment operation that pays returns to its investors from their own money, or the money paid by subsequent investors, instead of from profit earned by the individuals running the business.

Ponzi schemes are designed to collapse at the expense of the last investors when there is not enough new participants. Bitcoin is a free software project with no central authority. Consequently, no one is in a position to make fraudulent representations about investment returns. Like other major currencies such as gold, United States dollar, euro, yen, etc. This leads to volatility where owners of bitcoins can unpredictably make or lose money.

Beyond speculation, Bitcoin is also a payment system with useful and competitive attributes that are being used by thousands of users and businesses. Some early adopters have large numbers of bitcoins because they took risks and invested time and resources in an unproven technology that was hardly used by anyone and that was much harder to secure properly. Many early adopters spent large numbers of bitcoins quite a few times before they became valuable or bought only small amounts and didn't make huge gains.

There is no guarantee that the price of a bitcoin will increase or drop. This is very similar to investing in an early startup that can either gain value through its usefulness and popularity, or just never break through. Bitcoin is still in its infancy, and it has been designed with a very long-term view; it is hard to imagine how it could be less biased towards early adopters, and today's users may or may not be the early adopters of tomorrow. Bitcoin is unique in that only 21 million bitcoins will ever be created.

However, this will never be a limitation because transactions can be denominated in smaller sub-units of a bitcoin, such as bits - there are 1,, bits in 1 bitcoin. Bitcoins can be divided up to 8 decimal places 0. The deflationary spiral theory says that if prices are expected to fall, people will move purchases into the future in order to benefit from the lower prices.

That fall in demand will in turn cause merchants to lower their prices to try and stimulate demand, making the problem worse and leading to an economic depression. Although this theory is a popular way to justify inflation amongst central bankers, it does not appear to always hold true and is considered controversial amongst economists.

Consumer electronics is one example of a market where prices constantly fall but which is not in depression. Similarly, the value of bitcoins has risen over time and yet the size of the Bitcoin economy has also grown dramatically along with it. Because both the value of the currency and the size of its economy started at zero in , Bitcoin is a counterexample to the theory showing that it must sometimes be wrong.

Notwithstanding this, Bitcoin is not designed to be a deflationary currency. It is more accurate to say Bitcoin is intended to inflate in its early years, and become stable in its later years. The only time the quantity of bitcoins in circulation will drop is if people carelessly lose their wallets by failing to make backups. With a stable monetary base and a stable economy, the value of the currency should remain the same. This is a chicken and egg situation.

For bitcoin's price to stabilize, a large scale economy needs to develop with more businesses and users. For a large scale economy to develop, businesses and users will seek for price stability. Fortunately, volatility does not affect the main benefits of Bitcoin as a payment system to transfer money from point A to point B.

It is possible for businesses to convert bitcoin payments to their local currency instantly, allowing them to profit from the advantages of Bitcoin without being subjected to price fluctuations. Since Bitcoin offers many useful and unique features and properties, many users choose to use Bitcoin. With such solutions and incentives, it is possible that Bitcoin will mature and develop to a degree where price volatility will become limited. Only a fraction of bitcoins issued to date are found on the exchange markets for sale.

Bitcoin markets are competitive, meaning the price of a bitcoin will rise or fall depending on supply and demand. Additionally, new bitcoins will continue to be issued for decades to come. Therefore even the most determined buyer could not buy all the bitcoins in existence. This situation isn't to suggest, however, that the markets aren't vulnerable to price manipulation; it still doesn't take significant amounts of money to move the market price up or down, and thus Bitcoin remains a volatile asset thus far.

That can happen. For now, Bitcoin remains by far the most popular decentralized virtual currency, but there can be no guarantee that it will retain that position. There is already a set of alternative currencies inspired by Bitcoin. It is however probably correct to assume that significant improvements would be required for a new currency to overtake Bitcoin in terms of established market, even though this remains unpredictable.

Bitcoin could also conceivably adopt improvements of a competing currency so long as it doesn't change fundamental parts of the protocol. Receiving notification of a payment is almost instant with Bitcoin. However, there is a delay before the network begins to confirm your transaction by including it in a block. A confirmation means that there is a consensus on the network that the bitcoins you received haven't been sent to anyone else and are considered your property.

Once your transaction has been included in one block, it will continue to be buried under every block after it, which will exponentially consolidate this consensus and decrease the risk of a reversed transaction. Each confirmation takes between a few seconds and 90 minutes, with 10 minutes being the average. If the transaction pays too low a fee or is otherwise atypical, getting the first confirmation can take much longer.

Every user is free to determine at what point they consider a transaction sufficiently confirmed, but 6 confirmations is often considered to be as safe as waiting 6 months on a credit card transaction. Transactions can be processed without fees, but trying to send free transactions can require waiting days or weeks.

Although fees may increase over time, normal fees currently only cost a tiny amount. By default, all Bitcoin wallets listed on Bitcoin. Transaction fees are used as a protection against users sending transactions to overload the network and as a way to pay miners for their work helping to secure the network.

The precise manner in which fees work is still being developed and will change over time. Because the fee is not related to the amount of bitcoins being sent, it may seem extremely low or unfairly high. Instead, the fee is relative to the number of bytes in the transaction, so using multisig or spending multiple previously-received amounts may cost more than simpler transactions.

If your activity follows the pattern of conventional transactions, you won't have to pay unusually high fees. This works fine. The bitcoins will appear next time you start your wallet application. Bitcoins are not actually received by the software on your computer, they are appended to a public ledger that is shared between all the devices on the network.

If you are sent bitcoins when your wallet client program is not running and you later launch it, it will download blocks and catch up with any transactions it did not already know about, and the bitcoins will eventually appear as if they were just received in real time. Your wallet is only needed when you wish to spend bitcoins. Long synchronization time is only required with full node clients like Bitcoin Core.

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Some refer to it as "printing money boost the economy. When the Fed does that, it devalues the dollar. When it does that for a long period of time, it adds up. Bitcoin does the opposite. Instead of printing more bitcoin every year, we print less bitcoin every four years. Assuming bitcoin's demand grows slowly, the price will still rise because the supply is growing quite slowly nowadays. Gold has low inflation, which has helped it retain its purchasing power. Still, we're constantly digging more gold out of the ground.

As gold's price rises, miners have more incentive to dig for more. Bitcoin doesn't work that way. Even by , bitcoin's inflation rate will be 0. In comparison, gold will be at least 10 times more inflationary than bitcoin in Skeptics who are dumbfounded as to why bitcoin is worth more than a penny. They believe that bitcoin is "fake internet money and one big Ponzi scheme.

Others incorrectly call it a pyramid scheme. When an asset bubble pops, the asset's value rarely drops to zero. Even tulips still have value. So why does bitcoin have any value? There are many long articles and videos explaining why bitcoin has real value. Here's a quick explanation. Regarding 9 widespread use , it's worth watching this minute video showing you a guy who, for the last five years, has been living by solely earning and spending cryptocurrency.

He has no bank account, credit cards, or cash. He fuels his car with bitcoin, recharges his cell phone, and even pays his taxes with it. Although bitcoin fails in the last criterion, let's remind ourselves of the importance of the first criterion: scarcity. Gold is relatively scarce, but even if we mined all the gold on the earth, gold's supply wouldn't be exhausted.

In this century, you can bet that the gold market will crash once we mine this asteroid:. Bitcoin, in contrast, has a 21 million cap. Yes, in theory, if the majority of the bitcoin holders and miners agreed to create more bitcoin, they could. However, that would destroy most of the value and be economic suicide.

Therefore, it's safe to say that bitcoin is the scarcest commodity or currency. Money, in fact, is the most successful story, ever invented and told by humans, because it is the only story everybody believes. Not everybody believes in God, not everybody believes in human rights, not everybody believes in nationalism, but everybody believes in money. Eric Posner, a law professor at the University of Chicago, stated that "a real Ponzi scheme takes fraud; bitcoin, by contrast, seems more like a collective delusion.

Ultimately, bitcoin has value for the same reason any currency has value: because a critical mass of humans have decided it has value. Bitcoin is a global phenomenon. People from all cultures have managed to understand it and value it. Bitcoin mining rigs cover the planet. Tulips were mainly hot in the Netherlands. Speaking of tulips, bitcoin has been going at it for 11 years. Tulipmania lasted for 6 months. Other dubious financial schemes fizzle quickly. Bitcoin has survived at least four major crashes.

Each crash brings people saying that "bitcoin is dead! However, when the dust settles, bitcoin creates a new low that was higher than the previous low. This is significant. It proves bitcoin's resistance. It forms a new base and starts climbing again.

When it crashes, the price never revisits the previous low. Bitcoin's creator, Satoshi Nakamoto, didn't want to help Wikileaks because he knew that the US Federal government could to easily crush the fragile monetary experiment. Nakamoto preferred that bitcoin stay below the mainstream radar until it amassed more nodes worldwide. In , there are over 10, bitcoin nodes in countries.

As a result, it's nearly impossible to pull bitcoin's plug. If 20 countries attempt to close all their bitcoin nodes which is extremely difficult to do , the bitcoin network will keep humming along with the thousands of nodes in other countries. Think of bitcoin like an operating system e. Popular operating systems attract a massive ecosystem around them.

Network effects reinforce the utility of the operating system. The more apps get developed for the operating system, the more people want to make sure that the operating system stays healthy and keeps improving. Armies of software developers are feverishly developing applications that use bitcoin. Venture capitalists have invested billions in bitcoin-related projects. It's now a beast that's hard for the government to tame. Bitcoin in feels like the Internet in It's beyond the infancy stage, but most people still haven't dipped their toe in it.

Still, the network is building out. While I watched the price collapse, a lightbulb went off in my head. Now that everyone is feeling rich from Bitcoin, what else is there to buy? I literally bought it because it was trading under a dollar and was a top 20 coin on Coinbase. However, I did manage to find someone else who likes it, so this makes me feel better about my purchase.

Greenspan is an advisor to a new company called Chiliz, which is getting into the fan token space for sports teams like Juventus, FC Barcelona, and AC Milan. Two that he mentioned I had heard of: Cardano and Binance Coin. By staking Binance Coin, investors can earn stakes in interesting new tokens.

If Doge is or was a joke coin, a lot of people are laughing all the way to the bank with it, as the saying goes. As with all markets, the risk is that you can lose your money. Especially since we're talking about brand new markets and economic models. The inherent risk is that much higher. But so is the potential for reward. The multi-billion crypto economy is going to bring in bigger, brand names.

Blockchain companies will launch new services which will eventually be supported by a number of Fortune companies who will help drive momentum, and sentiment for Bitcoin. And the alt coins with cute emoticons. May you pick the right dog in the race. I've spent 20 years as a reporter for the best in the business, including as a Brazil-based staffer for WSJ.