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The main takeaway from the article: Brady plans every detail of his life so he can play football as long as possible, and he'll do anything he can to get an edge. He diets all year round, takes scheduled naps in the offseason, never misses a workout, eats what his teammates call "birdseed," and does cognitive exercises to keep his brain sharp. Brady struggles to unwind after games and practices. He's still processing, thinking about what's next.

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Flexible Purchase Amount. Receive Your Bitcoin Instantly. Control Your Bitcoin. Easy To Use. Are they similar or different? Who works with young people? I hate the idea of being trapped inside an office all day long. I think some jobs can give you the chance to go to different countries and see the world. Research the job and find out which factors from the leaflet in 2 it involves.

For example, does it involve travel, helping others, a big salary …? The idea of getting ahead, taking on more responsibility and getting a promotion is important to me. I want my job to be challenging and to offer me goals. Put the title: So you want to be a software engineer?

Then write: This job is good for people who … and a list based on your research. Past perfect simple 1a Look at the sentence and then decide which action happened first. When I had finished school, I bought a ticket to travel round the world. When you listen, remember that different speakers may use words that are in other questions, but you are listening for the ideas, not just the words that express them.

Match each statement A—F with the correct speaker. Use the letters only once. There is one extra letter. Past perfect continuous 4a Do these sentences contain verbs in the past perfect simple or the past perfect continuous? Which give more importance to the completion of the action? Before becoming a millionaire, she had a working hard for nearly 40 years. She b been a farmer, cook and even a lorry driver. Then she applied c the job of street cleaner.

One day the government gave her money for her land. She used the money to set d her own business. But she decided she e want to stay at home doing nothing. So she f the decision to continue keeping the streets clean. She wanted to be a good example to her children. And even though she had already i enough money to live well without doing anything at all, she put on her orange jacket and went to work six days a week.

It worked! Now her children j started working! Use only one word in each gap. What do you think of the story of Yu Youzhen? Do you agree? It is better not to agree completely straight away because the conversation will end too quickly. Yes, I agree. I see what you mean.

Read this writing task. Do you agree or disagree with the statement? Write notes with your main ideas. Does it follow the paragraph plan in 2? Is the opinion of the writer similar to your opinion? In some countries, the US for instance, many teenagers work while they are still studying at school or at university. Students need time to take notes, revise, do assignments and research topics. In my opinion, students who work in the evenings or at the weekends do not have time to do these things properly.

This means that after work they find it difficult to pay attention and concentrate. However, there is time for students to gain this experience when they finish their studies. They can only do this if they study full-time, with no other distractions.

Look at this task. Write notes with your ideas and then complete the plan in 2 for this topic. Language checkpoint: Unit 2 Grammar reference Past simple We use the past simple to: 1 describe finished actions or situations in the past.

Used to My grandfather used to work as a postman. Did your grandmother use to work? Yes, she did. Would They would work eight hours a day. We use the past perfect simple to talk about actions that happened before another action or actions in the past.

It gives importance to the completion of an activity. She used to work in a factory. She worked there for five years. NOT She used to work in a factory for five years. We cannot use used to and would to talk about single events in the past. In this case, we use the past simple. We use would with past actions but not past states. We use the past perfect continuous to talk about actions that happened before another action or actions in the past.

It gives importance to the duration of an activity. In one sentence, both alternatives are correct. Which one? She a get up and b look out of the window. While she d look out of the window, she e see something strange. Two boys f play football in her garden. When Rose finished her degree she started to a for a job. She found an interesting post in a multinational company and so she b for it.

She was made c and became d. Luckily, another company contacted her soon afterwards. An employee at the company had just been e because he was always late. Rose went for an interview. They really liked her and she was f the job. She accepted, of course! Gateway to exams: Units 1—2 Reading 1 Read the first paragraph of the text. What is the Erasmus programme? What do you think are the advantages of doing an Erasmus exchange?

Then read the questions and work out what piece s of information you need to find. Are there any key words that help you to find the text or part of the text which contains the information? The Erasmus programme is a popular student exchange programme involving university students in the European Union.

Students spend at least three months studying abroad in one of over 30 countries involved in the programme. Here is what some Erasmus students say about their experiences. The decision to study abroad has changed my life in so many ways. Academically, I immediately fell in love with the style of the lessons we received. But thanks to the stimulating, open atmosphere I became much more confident about constructing my own arguments and defending them.

It helped that all my classmates, mostly Dutch, felt very passionate about modern history, my area of study. Before, I found it difficult to make new friends, but in this situation I felt happy and relaxed being with all the students I got to know.

I studied in a new, relatively small uni in the UK. The fact that it was small turned out to be a good thing because in no time at all I got to know lots and lots of people. There were a lot of international students like me.

I have invitations from people in about 20 different countries round the world to go and visit them one day. This could be really useful later on if I move around. Campus life was really stimulating. For example, I got the chance to work as a presenter for a weekly news programme shown on the university website. But in the end I came to prefer UK style education!

I was now European. I suppose that feeling is natural after spending every day with young people from so many different European countries. Despite our differences, we all had so much in common. As a student of politics, I think this was so important. It helped me to see that even when people have different opinions and backgrounds, we can work together constructively if we really want to.

But only on the condition that I can do at least part of it abroad. But, being a business student, I knew languages would give me an advantage later in the world of work. I shared a house with students from five different countries. Often we could only communicate using sign language.

What really opened my eyes during my six months abroad was the shock of seeing my subject from a totally different cultural perspective. That really added something to my understanding when I went back to the UK.

In matching activities, remember … Read the opinions before you listen. This can help you to know what the people may say and helps you to concentrate more while you listen. Add extra information, context and questions. Underline the information that you should include in your reply. It was great to see you on Friday.

I really enjoyed going to that new pizza place. We should go again soon. When I saw you, I forgot to tell you that Rachel is coming back on Wednesday. What do you think? Could you come and give me a hand getting things ready on Thursday afternoon? Apart from food, is there anything that you can think of that would make the party really special? Write back soon so that I can start organising things. Look at this extract from a newspaper article.

These parents insist on helping their children, whether they need them to help or not. Choose the opinion each speaker expresses A—F from the list below. Decide how many paragraphs to have and what to include in each one. You can agree, disagree, make suggestions or ask questions. Our agency deals mostly with business travel.

What are your favourite destinations? Give reasons. And for long journeys? Give details. Nevertheless, for journeys over 1, kilometres, Elon Musk believes that supersonic air travel will be preferable. In the last 50 years, there has been a sharp increase in the number of people travelling by air.

American millionaire Elon Musk is quite clearly a man who wants to help bring about this revolution. With his Tesla Motors company he has managed to reinvent the electric car, producing a popular all-electric But his boldest plan sports car. The engineers at Airbus think that in , with new construction techniques and materials, planes will have transparent sections allowing you panoramic views from your seat. Seats will change size and shape to give you a more comfortable flight.

Thirty passengers and their small crew will spend a week travelling a quarter of the way to the Moon at speeds of up to kph. If everything goes according to plan, the Hyperloop will be a system of long tubes set on top of towers which will run next to motorways. Inside the tubes people will travel inside capsules: about six passengers plus their luggage per capsule.

It will take just half an hour to travel from Los Angeles to San Francisco. Currently the journey takes seven hours. The attraction of the Hyperloop is that it is much faster than a high-speed train, and, unlike planes, there will be no time wasted in taking off and landing. For shorter journeys, experts predict that cars will probably remain the most common means of transport. Of course, soon the self-driving car will be the norm, norm, hopefully limiting the number of road accidents.

A group of experts is meeting again next month to talk about the impact of drones on air traffic. But imagine when cars take to the skies, too. A major. In tasks where sentences are missing from a text, read the text carefully looking at the information before and after each gap. Then read the sentences and look for words and phrases which connect with information in the text. There are more and more people using public transport, driving their own cars, and flying around the world.

Which of the different types of transport mentioned in the article would you most like to try? Unit 3. Work with a partner. Explain why will is used in each sentence. Prefixes 1 Each of these words contains a prefix. Find the prefixes and match them with the meanings below. John Foden and Yannick Read believe that their bike could be a solution.

Are you going to do your homework before you go home? Write down your predictions. How many predictions did you get right? Listen, check and repeat. Can anybody guess the word? Look at the food label. It shows a product sold in the US. How far did it travel before getting to the US? Were your ideas in 1 correct? How serious a problem do you think food miles are? There used to be a time when apples would only appear in shops in the autumn in the UK, and strawberries in the summer.

Now, however, we can eat just about everything at any time of the year. But, at what price for our planet? Just look at these facts:. Some apples travel nearly 18, km from New Zealand to reach the UK! Some food products like potatoes are often grown in one place, then travel somewhere else to be packaged, and then travel back to near where they were grown to be sold! Experts have calculated that if we all bought food produced within a 20 kilometre radius from where we live, the country would save over two billion pounds in environmental costs.

The message is clear. We need to produce food locally, and we need to buy locally produced food. Som ic effect say that food miles will have a catastroph but s, on the environment in the coming year. Student A, read Text A and answer the questions below. Student B, read Text B and answer the questions below. Make a note of your answers. Student A, explain why food miles are a serious problem. Student B, explain why the alternative to food miles can be worse.

Use your notes in 3 to help you. What do you think is good advice when you go to buy food? Use the information in texts A and B to help you. How do lorries carrying foo d affect the environment? What impact do planes car rying food have on the environ ment?

Why does the writer mentio n the transportation of potato es? What does the writer recom mend us to do and why? Does he mention any of your ideas in 4 and 5? What two options exist if we want to eat apples in the summer in the UK?

Which of the two options does the writer think is preferable and why? Why is it a good idea to buy Spanish, not British, tomatoes in the UK in the winter? Apart from environmental reasons, why does the writer suggest that buying fruit from countries like Africa is a good idea? Remember that we buy food from other countries because their weather provides the ideal natural conditions for producing that food. You can produce tomatoes in the UK in the winter, but you need energy to heat the greenhouses to recreate the warm, sunny weather of Spain.

That means that in the UK it makes sense to buy Spanish tomat oes in the winter, even taking into account the food miles. If we stop buying food from other parts of the world, it might have a catastrophic impact on their economies, and then our own. OK if we want UK apples in the summer we have to keep them cool for nearly a whole year.

But the energy that you need to keep them fresh for ten months will be worse for the environment than the carbon emissions created by air transportatio n. A while ago everybody started Mary Barfield, scientist saying that food miles showed how the world was going mad. Think of all the carbon emissions from flying all that distance!

What are your conclusions? Future continuous, future perfect simple and future perfect continuous 1a Look at these sentences. What tense are the verbs in blue? Explain how we form the tenses. Do they mention any possible negative points?

If so, what? What a I. Visit our full-size model of the International Spaceship Bus back to hotel Dinner at hotel. Use the future continuous, future perfect simple or future perfect continuous. Compare your sentences and ask questions to find out what your partners have written.

Are any answers particularly common? Look at the photos. Think of similarities and differences between them. Student A, look at the photos below. Student B, look at the photos on page Think about the similarities and differences between your two photos. Listen to a student doing this task and answer the questions. Compare the photos and say what problems you think people have travelling around the city in these ways.

Listen again if necessary. But I think it can be very dangerous cycling in a big city. At least the woman in the photo is wearing a helmet though. Use the phrases in the Speaking bank to talk about the similarities and differences between the photos in 1. We want stories for our new international magazine for teenagers.

Your story must begin with this sentence:. I was both excited and nervous as I stood there waiting at the airport. I had been waiting for this trip for a long time. Four months ago, I had applied for a place at an astronomy summer camp near Florence, Italy. Astronomy became my main hobby at the age of eight after receiving a small telescope as a present from my parents. So it was a brilliant surprise when I learnt that they had given me a place at the camp! When you write a narrative, make sure that the main events of the story are clear.

Before you begin writing, plan the beginning, the middle and the end. The camp was an amazing experience. There were students from all over the world, all with the same interest in astronomy. Every night we would observe the stars using different telescopes, helped by expert teachers. The camp was away from the city and the skies were clear so visibility was perfect. But, apart from learning more about astronomy, I also made some great friends.

Luckily, my plane took off on time. It was a short flight and we were soon preparing for landing. Having collected my luggage, I immediately saw a sign with my name on it. A small group of students from the camp were there waiting for me. Use participle clauses: Looking up, she saw … After looking up, she saw … Having looked up, she saw … Use linkers of time and sequence: Last weekend, Three years ago, On Friday … At first, Next, Then, After that, Finally, In the end … Use adjectives and adverbs to make the story more descriptive.

Think about the main events, the background and any important scenes. Remember to follow the advice in the Writing bank and Exam success. My hands are wet. We often use think, hope, expect, imagine,, etc. We cannot use will with these time expressions. We use the future perfect simple to talk about activities that will be finished by a certain time in the future. We often use the preposition by with the future perfect simple. We use the future continuous to talk about activities in progress at a particular moment in the future.

The activities are in progress and so they are unfinished. We use the future perfect continuous to talk about how long an activity has been in progress before a particular moment in the future. We often use the preposition by with the future perfect continuous.

OBEY 7 She already has a degree in architecture. Which two words in the text do not have an opposite in the box? What do they mean? Think of possible opposites for these words. Do you know any synonyms for the words? You can qualify the adjective with very, quite or a little bit. Write down two adjectives from this page to describe each one. Decide what type of personality you need to do these jobs. Give reasons for your answers.

He can play three instruments really well. And he can also be a bit bad-tempered, getting angry for no good reason. But he started doing tricks to stop his bullies at school. I try harder but can no longer lift him! Once he started doing tricks like this on the bullies, they left him alone. But their fear of him meant that nobody wanted to be near him.

So he spent his time in his bedroom practising. The longer you practise, the better you get! During our interview a pack of cards appears to levitate from the table and land in his hand before disappearing. He continues talking, stops for a second, then takes the cards from his mouth. He remembers how his career really started.

When he had to spend six months in hospital because of his stomach illness, it was one of the worst times in his life. He started wondering how people would remember him if he died. This motivated him to make something of his life. He started doing tricks in the street. He talked his way backstage at concerts and did tricks for famous artists such as Snoop Dogg, One Direction and Coldplay.

Soon he had a massive following on social media networks, with tens of millions of people worldwide watching his videos. Then came his own TV series which he has since sold to more than countries, attracting million viewers. He believes that, as we get older, we all want to feel young again and that tricks and illusions can give us that feeling.

Steven grew up in one of the most dangerous areas in Bradford. Since his childhood, he has had a serious stomach illness. Weak and shy, he was a target for bullies. One day he told his great-grandfather about it, who taught him a few tricks. His ability to get attention was evident in when he amazed people by walking on the River Thames in London. At first,. He had walked halfway across the river when the police stopped him. So, how did he do it? Adrenaline stops me feeling any pain.

But Dynamo is no ordinary person. He demonstrates to me one of the tricks he learnt to stop the bullying. He asks me to pick him up, which I do easily. Then he looks at me for less than a second and tells me to do it again. Flipped classroom: watch the video on the Resource Centre or Online Workbook. Comparative and superlative adjectives and adverbs 1a Look at the sentences.

Which contain comparative forms and which contain superlative forms? Complete the table below and then explain the rules for the different groups of adjectives. Each one contains a noun suffix. Which of the nouns are for a person? You may need to change the spelling. Sometimes you can make more than one noun from each word.

In this type of exercise, you may need to add a prefix or a suffix or both. Sometimes the word needs to be plural. Look at the context carefully to decide. The sooner the better. You use it when you want something to happen as soon as possible, for example the start of the holidays.

Match the halves of these common expressions. Check that you understand what they mean and then think of a situation when you might use them. But just think of the b important of some of the biggest inventions of the past. Take c electric , for example, or, more specifically, the electric light bulb. The d create of the light bulb is one of the key moments in human progress.

Its e invent was the extraordinarily talented Thomas Edison. Electric light bulbs meant the g appear of unsafe gas lighting. Edison gave people the h able to see at night. What a i different that made! You must use between two and five words, including the word given.

Can you explain it again? Give examples of people you think are intelligent. Which alternatives in 2a does the writer agree with? What arguments do they give to justify their answers? When we talk about intelligence, some people have the idea that intelligence is what we need to answer general knowledge questions, such as What is the capital of Venezuela? However, most experts would say that this is only one part or type of intelligence.

This brings us to the American psychologist Howard Gardner. He talks about seven different types of intelligence, shown in the table opposite. Of course, each of us may be naturally strong in more than just one of these intelligence types. With practice, you can learn to see things in a more scientific or logical way, or you can learn to appreciate literature or music.

It is possible for children to become great musicians if they start early, and there are many bilingual or multilingual children in the world. The interesting thing here is that your life opportunities can make a big difference to your intelligence. So intelligence is not just a question of being born intelligent. The environment you live in can make a huge difference. Make notes about her study tips for each intelligence 1—7. Do you agree with it?

Talk about each tip. Which of these things do you already do? Which would you like to try? Find out what type of learner you are. Follow this plan: 1 Do the Multiple Intelligence Test on page Talk about your results in the test.

Do you agree with the results? How might the results help you in your studies? When you are ready, work in groups and share your tips and activities. Articles 1 Read these sentences. You can use the words more than once. If no word is necessary, put [—].

One of the most interesting episodes of Hidden Talent was about a boy called James Whinnery. He was only They discovered that the boy had a special talent for the languages. He learnt the Arabic in just 19 weeks. He did a test working in Turkish restaurant for a day, talking to the waiters in Arabic. Then, for his training, they say he learnt the new words — one hundred words each day! At the end of the episode, he travelled to Jordan and they interviewed him in Arabic on a special programme.

Of course, nobody can really learn new language in just 19 weeks. But James learnt a lot of things in that time. It seems that sometimes the TV programmes can have positive effect on people and their lives. Compare your sentences in 9a. Choose the best ones and tell them to the rest of the class. Read the advice in Exam success. Take it in turns to give a presentation with your opinion.

Remember to use expressions from the Speaking bank. When you finish, discuss how well you did your presentations. What is their opinion? Do they mention any of your ideas in 3? Look at the presentation topic and discuss if you agree or disagree with the statement. Make notes of your ideas. Think of arguments to justify and explain your opinions. Would you call any of the people in 1 heroes?

Talk about the people in the photos. Who are they and why are they famous? Give reasons why you admire them. It can be a famous person or someone in your life, for example a friend or relative. Write about one famous person who you think has extraordinary talents. Describe them and what they do. It could be an actor, singer, musician, writer, artist … anyone with an amazing talent! What talents does the writer of the article say that Ed Sheeran has?

Make a list. Follow the paragraph plan in 3 and use expressions from the Writing bank. Have you included the relevant information? Is it easy to understand the ideas and information? Are there any grammar or spelling mistakes? For example, he has some very romantic songs, but he also raps sometimes. Another of his great talents is being able to write lyrics.

He usually writes about down-to-earth things that young people understand. He also makes brilliant videos. But when he starts to sing, you can tell that he is in fact incredibly special. How many good singers are there today?

Hundreds, maybe? But how many can write great songs? And how many can perform a whole concert on their own, without any other musicians? Ed Sheeran is already a great singer and performer. Just watch how he gets better and better! We usually make comparative and superlative adverbs with more and the most. We use the with superlative adjectives and adverbs, and with first and last. We use it to refer to something or somebody previously mentioned. We use such to intensify a noun, with or without an adjective.

We use too to say that something is excessive. It is not the same as very because it has a negative meaning. We use it when we mention something for the first time, or to say that the person or thing is one of a number of people or things. We use not as … as or not so … as to say that the second person or thing is more … than the first one. Add seven articles in the correct places. C His father probably wrote down all the earliest pieces, and perhaps improved them in the process.

D The good but not great students had totalled 8, hours. F In fact, researchers have agreed on what they believe is a special number to become a true expert. G But around the age of eight, real differences began to appear. The text suggests that to be a genius you need to work hard and have opportunities. How important is natural talent? A gifted young mathematician discovers computer programming. He leaves Harvard. Then he starts a little computer company called Microsoft with his friends.

Being brilliant, ambitious and hard-working, he builds it into the giant of the software world. From that moment on, Gates lived in the computer room, learning how to use this strange new machine. In one seven-month period in , Gates and his friends ran up 1, hours of computer time. This idea — that excellence at a complex task needs a critical, minimum level of practice — appears again and again in studies.

Everyone, from all three groups, started playing at around the same age — around five. In those first few years, everyone practised roughly the same — two or three hours a week. Six hours a week by age nine, eight by age 12, 16 a week by age 14, until by the age of 20 they were practising well over 30 hours a week. By then, the elite performers had all totalled 10, hours of practice over the course of their lives.

Ten thousand hours is, of course, an enormous amount of time. First were the stars — the students with the potential to become world-class soloists. Second were those who were very good, but not as good as the stars. In the third group were the students who would probably never play professionally. This is true even of people we think as prodigies. Mozart, for example, famously started writing music at six. By that time Mozart had already been composing concertos for ten years.

Very few teenagers at that time had the kind of experience Gates had. January was the start of the personal computer age. Who was in the best position to take advantage of it? You want to be 20 or 21, born in or When was Bill Gates born? In word formation cloze activities, remember … To change the type of word, you will usually need a suffix e. To change the meaning of the word, you will usually need a prefix e.

If you do, people will not be able to follow you. Make a list of things that you think you know about Albert Einstein. Then read this short text and see if it mentions any of the things on your list. You can choose three famous, talented people to go on an excursion with. Who are you going to choose and why? One exceptional talent in the world of science was, of course, Albert Einstein.

He was also rebellious towards authority when he was at school. These two facts may have been the origin of a popular myth that the d was a bad student and that he failed at school. This is simply not true.

We should his amazing not e in science subjects. But the myth may also come from the fact that when he was 16 he tried, , to get into the prestigious j Federal Polytechnic in Zurich, failing some of the non-science subjects. The normal entrance age was 18, so he was two years younger than usual. The next year, when he was just 17, he passed! Take it in turns to give your presentations. Use expressions from 8. In stories, remember … Use a variety of past tenses and linkers of time and sequence to make it clear when the different events in the story happened.

Read this task and plan your story. Your English teacher has asked you to write a story for the school magazine. Complete the gaps with the correct form of the words at the end of the lines. What types of things? Pop Shop, in the Westgate shopping centre, are having a big weekend sale. But yesterday they had a special b there and everything was cheaper than usual.

I paid with the f that my parents gave me for my birthday. I asked for the h because if you have problems afterwards you need to have proof that you bought it in that particular shop. Anyway, all bargain-hunters go down to Pop Shop! The sale ends at 5 pm today. What do they all have in common? Whether we like it or not, money plays a central role in society today. We all use it, more or less every day.

Because of the importance of money, we probably all ought to have a clear idea of the history of money, and how money works. Many different things have been used as money over the years, including cocoa beans, salt and cows. At first, the value of money was fixed by its alternative uses. For example, you could use the cocoa beans to make chocolate, or the salt to make food taste better.

These uses give them a basic value. On the other hand, many people may want strawberries and be happy to trade for them, but they make poor money because they last for such a short time. There is also the problem that not everything of value is easy to divide, and standardising each unit is also hard.

For example, not every strawberry has the same size or quality. So it is not easy to establish the value of strawberries. Perhaps the easiest way to think about the role of money is to consider a world without it. We would have to barter for everything. In a barter economy, we need to exchange every item we want for something that we can provide. For example, a person who specialises in fixing cars and needs to trade for food must find a farmer with a broken car.

Or what if the farmer only has eggs, more eggs than the mechanic can possibly use? The difficulty with this system is finding the right person to barter with. So, money should be something that maintains its value over time, can be easily translated into prices, and be widely accepted.

Precious metals such as gold and silver seem to serve all three needs. They are hard to obtain. There is a finite supply of them in the world. It is easy to divide them into standardised coins and they do not lose value over time or when made into smaller units. You just need to go to a market to sell your goods or services.

You exchange these for a common medium of exchange — that is, money. You can then use that money to buy what you need from others who also accept the same medium of exchange. Until relatively recently, the coins that people used were mainly made of gold and silver. But gold and silver are heavy. People had to carry their precious metals around all the time to exchange them for goods. They could leave them at a bank and buy and sell using a note from the bank. But when they wanted their gold or silver again, they could go to the bank with their note and withdraw it.

Eventually, the paper note or receipt was separated from the actual metal. And they stopped making coins with precious metals. Fiat money, the cash we carry around with us, is materially worthless worthless. But it has value simply because a nation collectively agrees to give a value to it.

In theory, governments could print as much money as they liked. Unit 5. A British student is coming to study for one month at your school. Think of useful information to give them. Write one sentence with each of these modal verbs. Use the structures in 5a. What was it?

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Cr vt 10 bitcoins Our goal is to create the best possible product, and your thoughts, ideas and suggestions play a major role in helping us identify opportunities to improve. Write between and words. I am very disappointed with the treatment I have received from your bank. Which of these things do you already do? We use the future continuous to talk about activities in progress at a particular moment in the future. However, there is time for students to gain this experience when they finish their studies.
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Rpoints matched betting blog He remembers how his career really started. There is a finite supply of them in the world. The interesting thing here is that your life opportunities can make a big difference to your intelligence. What words and expressions can we use to talk about similarities and differences between photos? There are three ways to get Bitcoins. Anyway, all bargain-hunters go down to Pop Shop! It could be an actor, singer, musician, writer, artist … anyone with an amazing talent!
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In the last 50 years, there has been a sharp increase in the number of people travelling by air. American millionaire Elon Musk is quite clearly a man who wants to help bring about this revolution. With his Tesla Motors company he has managed to reinvent the electric car, producing a popular all-electric But his boldest plan sports car.

The engineers at Airbus think that in , with new construction techniques and materials, planes will have transparent sections allowing you panoramic views from your seat. Seats will change size and shape to give you a more comfortable flight. Thirty passengers and their small crew will spend a week travelling a quarter of the way to the Moon at speeds of up to kph.

If everything goes according to plan, the Hyperloop will be a system of long tubes set on top of towers which will run next to motorways. Inside the tubes people will travel inside capsules: about six passengers plus their luggage per capsule. It will take just half an hour to travel from Los Angeles to San Francisco. Currently the journey takes seven hours. The attraction of the Hyperloop is that it is much faster than a high-speed train, and, unlike planes, there will be no time wasted in taking off and landing.

For shorter journeys, experts predict that cars will probably remain the most common means of transport. Of course, soon the self-driving car will be the norm, norm, hopefully limiting the number of road accidents. A group of experts is meeting again next month to talk about the impact of drones on air traffic. But imagine when cars take to the skies, too. A major. In tasks where sentences are missing from a text, read the text carefully looking at the information before and after each gap.

Then read the sentences and look for words and phrases which connect with information in the text. There are more and more people using public transport, driving their own cars, and flying around the world. Which of the different types of transport mentioned in the article would you most like to try? Unit 3. Work with a partner. Explain why will is used in each sentence.

Prefixes 1 Each of these words contains a prefix. Find the prefixes and match them with the meanings below. John Foden and Yannick Read believe that their bike could be a solution. Are you going to do your homework before you go home? Write down your predictions.

How many predictions did you get right? Listen, check and repeat. Can anybody guess the word? Look at the food label. It shows a product sold in the US. How far did it travel before getting to the US? Were your ideas in 1 correct? How serious a problem do you think food miles are? There used to be a time when apples would only appear in shops in the autumn in the UK, and strawberries in the summer.

Now, however, we can eat just about everything at any time of the year. But, at what price for our planet? Just look at these facts:. Some apples travel nearly 18, km from New Zealand to reach the UK! Some food products like potatoes are often grown in one place, then travel somewhere else to be packaged, and then travel back to near where they were grown to be sold!

Experts have calculated that if we all bought food produced within a 20 kilometre radius from where we live, the country would save over two billion pounds in environmental costs. The message is clear. We need to produce food locally, and we need to buy locally produced food. Som ic effect say that food miles will have a catastroph but s, on the environment in the coming year.

Student A, read Text A and answer the questions below. Student B, read Text B and answer the questions below. Make a note of your answers. Student A, explain why food miles are a serious problem. Student B, explain why the alternative to food miles can be worse.

Use your notes in 3 to help you. What do you think is good advice when you go to buy food? Use the information in texts A and B to help you. How do lorries carrying foo d affect the environment? What impact do planes car rying food have on the environ ment? Why does the writer mentio n the transportation of potato es? What does the writer recom mend us to do and why? Does he mention any of your ideas in 4 and 5? What two options exist if we want to eat apples in the summer in the UK?

Which of the two options does the writer think is preferable and why? Why is it a good idea to buy Spanish, not British, tomatoes in the UK in the winter? Apart from environmental reasons, why does the writer suggest that buying fruit from countries like Africa is a good idea?

Remember that we buy food from other countries because their weather provides the ideal natural conditions for producing that food. You can produce tomatoes in the UK in the winter, but you need energy to heat the greenhouses to recreate the warm, sunny weather of Spain. That means that in the UK it makes sense to buy Spanish tomat oes in the winter, even taking into account the food miles. If we stop buying food from other parts of the world, it might have a catastrophic impact on their economies, and then our own.

OK if we want UK apples in the summer we have to keep them cool for nearly a whole year. But the energy that you need to keep them fresh for ten months will be worse for the environment than the carbon emissions created by air transportatio n. A while ago everybody started Mary Barfield, scientist saying that food miles showed how the world was going mad. Think of all the carbon emissions from flying all that distance!

What are your conclusions? Future continuous, future perfect simple and future perfect continuous 1a Look at these sentences. What tense are the verbs in blue? Explain how we form the tenses. Do they mention any possible negative points? If so, what? What a I. Visit our full-size model of the International Spaceship Bus back to hotel Dinner at hotel. Use the future continuous, future perfect simple or future perfect continuous.

Compare your sentences and ask questions to find out what your partners have written. Are any answers particularly common? Look at the photos. Think of similarities and differences between them. Student A, look at the photos below. Student B, look at the photos on page Think about the similarities and differences between your two photos.

Listen to a student doing this task and answer the questions. Compare the photos and say what problems you think people have travelling around the city in these ways. Listen again if necessary. But I think it can be very dangerous cycling in a big city. At least the woman in the photo is wearing a helmet though. Use the phrases in the Speaking bank to talk about the similarities and differences between the photos in 1.

We want stories for our new international magazine for teenagers. Your story must begin with this sentence:. I was both excited and nervous as I stood there waiting at the airport. I had been waiting for this trip for a long time. Four months ago, I had applied for a place at an astronomy summer camp near Florence, Italy. Astronomy became my main hobby at the age of eight after receiving a small telescope as a present from my parents. So it was a brilliant surprise when I learnt that they had given me a place at the camp!

When you write a narrative, make sure that the main events of the story are clear. Before you begin writing, plan the beginning, the middle and the end. The camp was an amazing experience. There were students from all over the world, all with the same interest in astronomy. Every night we would observe the stars using different telescopes, helped by expert teachers.

The camp was away from the city and the skies were clear so visibility was perfect. But, apart from learning more about astronomy, I also made some great friends. Luckily, my plane took off on time. It was a short flight and we were soon preparing for landing. Having collected my luggage, I immediately saw a sign with my name on it. A small group of students from the camp were there waiting for me. Use participle clauses: Looking up, she saw … After looking up, she saw … Having looked up, she saw … Use linkers of time and sequence: Last weekend, Three years ago, On Friday … At first, Next, Then, After that, Finally, In the end … Use adjectives and adverbs to make the story more descriptive.

Think about the main events, the background and any important scenes. Remember to follow the advice in the Writing bank and Exam success. My hands are wet. We often use think, hope, expect, imagine,, etc. We cannot use will with these time expressions. We use the future perfect simple to talk about activities that will be finished by a certain time in the future. We often use the preposition by with the future perfect simple.

We use the future continuous to talk about activities in progress at a particular moment in the future. The activities are in progress and so they are unfinished. We use the future perfect continuous to talk about how long an activity has been in progress before a particular moment in the future. We often use the preposition by with the future perfect continuous. OBEY 7 She already has a degree in architecture.

Which two words in the text do not have an opposite in the box? What do they mean? Think of possible opposites for these words. Do you know any synonyms for the words? You can qualify the adjective with very, quite or a little bit. Write down two adjectives from this page to describe each one. Decide what type of personality you need to do these jobs.

Give reasons for your answers. He can play three instruments really well. And he can also be a bit bad-tempered, getting angry for no good reason. But he started doing tricks to stop his bullies at school. I try harder but can no longer lift him! Once he started doing tricks like this on the bullies, they left him alone. But their fear of him meant that nobody wanted to be near him.

So he spent his time in his bedroom practising. The longer you practise, the better you get! During our interview a pack of cards appears to levitate from the table and land in his hand before disappearing. He continues talking, stops for a second, then takes the cards from his mouth. He remembers how his career really started.

When he had to spend six months in hospital because of his stomach illness, it was one of the worst times in his life. He started wondering how people would remember him if he died. This motivated him to make something of his life. He started doing tricks in the street. He talked his way backstage at concerts and did tricks for famous artists such as Snoop Dogg, One Direction and Coldplay. Soon he had a massive following on social media networks, with tens of millions of people worldwide watching his videos.

Then came his own TV series which he has since sold to more than countries, attracting million viewers. He believes that, as we get older, we all want to feel young again and that tricks and illusions can give us that feeling. Steven grew up in one of the most dangerous areas in Bradford.

Since his childhood, he has had a serious stomach illness. Weak and shy, he was a target for bullies. One day he told his great-grandfather about it, who taught him a few tricks. His ability to get attention was evident in when he amazed people by walking on the River Thames in London. At first,. He had walked halfway across the river when the police stopped him. So, how did he do it? Adrenaline stops me feeling any pain. But Dynamo is no ordinary person. He demonstrates to me one of the tricks he learnt to stop the bullying.

He asks me to pick him up, which I do easily. Then he looks at me for less than a second and tells me to do it again. Flipped classroom: watch the video on the Resource Centre or Online Workbook. Comparative and superlative adjectives and adverbs 1a Look at the sentences. Which contain comparative forms and which contain superlative forms? Complete the table below and then explain the rules for the different groups of adjectives.

Each one contains a noun suffix. Which of the nouns are for a person? You may need to change the spelling. Sometimes you can make more than one noun from each word. In this type of exercise, you may need to add a prefix or a suffix or both. Sometimes the word needs to be plural. Look at the context carefully to decide. The sooner the better. You use it when you want something to happen as soon as possible, for example the start of the holidays.

Match the halves of these common expressions. Check that you understand what they mean and then think of a situation when you might use them. But just think of the b important of some of the biggest inventions of the past. Take c electric , for example, or, more specifically, the electric light bulb.

The d create of the light bulb is one of the key moments in human progress. Its e invent was the extraordinarily talented Thomas Edison. Electric light bulbs meant the g appear of unsafe gas lighting. Edison gave people the h able to see at night. What a i different that made! You must use between two and five words, including the word given. Can you explain it again? Give examples of people you think are intelligent.

Which alternatives in 2a does the writer agree with? What arguments do they give to justify their answers? When we talk about intelligence, some people have the idea that intelligence is what we need to answer general knowledge questions, such as What is the capital of Venezuela? However, most experts would say that this is only one part or type of intelligence.

This brings us to the American psychologist Howard Gardner. He talks about seven different types of intelligence, shown in the table opposite. Of course, each of us may be naturally strong in more than just one of these intelligence types. With practice, you can learn to see things in a more scientific or logical way, or you can learn to appreciate literature or music.

It is possible for children to become great musicians if they start early, and there are many bilingual or multilingual children in the world. The interesting thing here is that your life opportunities can make a big difference to your intelligence. So intelligence is not just a question of being born intelligent. The environment you live in can make a huge difference. Make notes about her study tips for each intelligence 1—7. Do you agree with it? Talk about each tip. Which of these things do you already do?

Which would you like to try? Find out what type of learner you are. Follow this plan: 1 Do the Multiple Intelligence Test on page Talk about your results in the test. Do you agree with the results? How might the results help you in your studies? When you are ready, work in groups and share your tips and activities. Articles 1 Read these sentences. You can use the words more than once. If no word is necessary, put [—].

One of the most interesting episodes of Hidden Talent was about a boy called James Whinnery. He was only They discovered that the boy had a special talent for the languages. He learnt the Arabic in just 19 weeks. He did a test working in Turkish restaurant for a day, talking to the waiters in Arabic. Then, for his training, they say he learnt the new words — one hundred words each day! At the end of the episode, he travelled to Jordan and they interviewed him in Arabic on a special programme.

Of course, nobody can really learn new language in just 19 weeks. But James learnt a lot of things in that time. It seems that sometimes the TV programmes can have positive effect on people and their lives. Compare your sentences in 9a. Choose the best ones and tell them to the rest of the class.

Read the advice in Exam success. Take it in turns to give a presentation with your opinion. Remember to use expressions from the Speaking bank. When you finish, discuss how well you did your presentations.

What is their opinion? Do they mention any of your ideas in 3? Look at the presentation topic and discuss if you agree or disagree with the statement. Make notes of your ideas. Think of arguments to justify and explain your opinions. Would you call any of the people in 1 heroes? Talk about the people in the photos.

Who are they and why are they famous? Give reasons why you admire them. It can be a famous person or someone in your life, for example a friend or relative. Write about one famous person who you think has extraordinary talents. Describe them and what they do. It could be an actor, singer, musician, writer, artist … anyone with an amazing talent!

What talents does the writer of the article say that Ed Sheeran has? Make a list. Follow the paragraph plan in 3 and use expressions from the Writing bank. Have you included the relevant information? Is it easy to understand the ideas and information? Are there any grammar or spelling mistakes?

For example, he has some very romantic songs, but he also raps sometimes. Another of his great talents is being able to write lyrics. He usually writes about down-to-earth things that young people understand. He also makes brilliant videos. But when he starts to sing, you can tell that he is in fact incredibly special.

How many good singers are there today? Hundreds, maybe? But how many can write great songs? And how many can perform a whole concert on their own, without any other musicians? Ed Sheeran is already a great singer and performer. Just watch how he gets better and better! We usually make comparative and superlative adverbs with more and the most. We use the with superlative adjectives and adverbs, and with first and last. We use it to refer to something or somebody previously mentioned.

We use such to intensify a noun, with or without an adjective. We use too to say that something is excessive. It is not the same as very because it has a negative meaning. We use it when we mention something for the first time, or to say that the person or thing is one of a number of people or things. We use not as … as or not so … as to say that the second person or thing is more … than the first one. Add seven articles in the correct places. C His father probably wrote down all the earliest pieces, and perhaps improved them in the process.

D The good but not great students had totalled 8, hours. F In fact, researchers have agreed on what they believe is a special number to become a true expert. G But around the age of eight, real differences began to appear. The text suggests that to be a genius you need to work hard and have opportunities.

How important is natural talent? A gifted young mathematician discovers computer programming. He leaves Harvard. Then he starts a little computer company called Microsoft with his friends. Being brilliant, ambitious and hard-working, he builds it into the giant of the software world. From that moment on, Gates lived in the computer room, learning how to use this strange new machine. In one seven-month period in , Gates and his friends ran up 1, hours of computer time.

This idea — that excellence at a complex task needs a critical, minimum level of practice — appears again and again in studies. Everyone, from all three groups, started playing at around the same age — around five. In those first few years, everyone practised roughly the same — two or three hours a week. Six hours a week by age nine, eight by age 12, 16 a week by age 14, until by the age of 20 they were practising well over 30 hours a week. By then, the elite performers had all totalled 10, hours of practice over the course of their lives.

Ten thousand hours is, of course, an enormous amount of time. First were the stars — the students with the potential to become world-class soloists. Second were those who were very good, but not as good as the stars. In the third group were the students who would probably never play professionally. This is true even of people we think as prodigies. Mozart, for example, famously started writing music at six.

By that time Mozart had already been composing concertos for ten years. Very few teenagers at that time had the kind of experience Gates had. January was the start of the personal computer age. Who was in the best position to take advantage of it?

You want to be 20 or 21, born in or When was Bill Gates born? In word formation cloze activities, remember … To change the type of word, you will usually need a suffix e. To change the meaning of the word, you will usually need a prefix e. If you do, people will not be able to follow you. Make a list of things that you think you know about Albert Einstein. Then read this short text and see if it mentions any of the things on your list.

You can choose three famous, talented people to go on an excursion with. Who are you going to choose and why? One exceptional talent in the world of science was, of course, Albert Einstein. He was also rebellious towards authority when he was at school. These two facts may have been the origin of a popular myth that the d was a bad student and that he failed at school.

This is simply not true. We should his amazing not e in science subjects. But the myth may also come from the fact that when he was 16 he tried, , to get into the prestigious j Federal Polytechnic in Zurich, failing some of the non-science subjects. The normal entrance age was 18, so he was two years younger than usual. The next year, when he was just 17, he passed! Take it in turns to give your presentations.

Use expressions from 8. In stories, remember … Use a variety of past tenses and linkers of time and sequence to make it clear when the different events in the story happened. Read this task and plan your story. Your English teacher has asked you to write a story for the school magazine. Complete the gaps with the correct form of the words at the end of the lines. What types of things?

Pop Shop, in the Westgate shopping centre, are having a big weekend sale. But yesterday they had a special b there and everything was cheaper than usual. I paid with the f that my parents gave me for my birthday. I asked for the h because if you have problems afterwards you need to have proof that you bought it in that particular shop.

Anyway, all bargain-hunters go down to Pop Shop! The sale ends at 5 pm today. What do they all have in common? Whether we like it or not, money plays a central role in society today. We all use it, more or less every day. Because of the importance of money, we probably all ought to have a clear idea of the history of money, and how money works. Many different things have been used as money over the years, including cocoa beans, salt and cows.

At first, the value of money was fixed by its alternative uses. For example, you could use the cocoa beans to make chocolate, or the salt to make food taste better. These uses give them a basic value. On the other hand, many people may want strawberries and be happy to trade for them, but they make poor money because they last for such a short time. There is also the problem that not everything of value is easy to divide, and standardising each unit is also hard. For example, not every strawberry has the same size or quality.

So it is not easy to establish the value of strawberries. Perhaps the easiest way to think about the role of money is to consider a world without it. We would have to barter for everything. In a barter economy, we need to exchange every item we want for something that we can provide. For example, a person who specialises in fixing cars and needs to trade for food must find a farmer with a broken car.

Or what if the farmer only has eggs, more eggs than the mechanic can possibly use? The difficulty with this system is finding the right person to barter with. So, money should be something that maintains its value over time, can be easily translated into prices, and be widely accepted.

Precious metals such as gold and silver seem to serve all three needs. They are hard to obtain. There is a finite supply of them in the world. It is easy to divide them into standardised coins and they do not lose value over time or when made into smaller units. You just need to go to a market to sell your goods or services. You exchange these for a common medium of exchange — that is, money.

You can then use that money to buy what you need from others who also accept the same medium of exchange. Until relatively recently, the coins that people used were mainly made of gold and silver. But gold and silver are heavy. People had to carry their precious metals around all the time to exchange them for goods. They could leave them at a bank and buy and sell using a note from the bank. But when they wanted their gold or silver again, they could go to the bank with their note and withdraw it.

Eventually, the paper note or receipt was separated from the actual metal. And they stopped making coins with precious metals. Fiat money, the cash we carry around with us, is materially worthless worthless. But it has value simply because a nation collectively agrees to give a value to it. In theory, governments could print as much money as they liked. Unit 5. A British student is coming to study for one month at your school.

Think of useful information to give them. Write one sentence with each of these modal verbs. Use the structures in 5a. What was it? Match the expressions with their definitions. Debt is the new normal for students. How many of the things do you do? Discuss your answers in pairs. Suggest free or cheap things to do and search websites such as savethestudent. If you run out of cash, you should resist the temptation to use your debit card so you can learn to live within your limits.

For that reason, it may also be sensible to avoid accounts that offer large overdrafts so that you do not borrow without a very good reason. This has now become easier with new online banking services and apps. Ms Friedgut advises withdrawing a certain amount of cash from an ATM each week to spend in local shops or on the high street. Companies like these methods because they encourage customers to spend money. Limiting yourself to cash really helps you to control your spending.

M Both StepChange and the There is a Debt Advice Foundation massive danger offer help in creating budgets and action plans with debit cards. Most cash really helps universities and colleges you to control your now offer some form of spending. Many universities also provide small emergency loans for students in need. You want to plan a simple budget. Follow this plan: 1 Read the information about a student called Samara on page Compare your budgets. Are they similar or not? Do you agree about what is essential and non-essential?

Modal verbs of speculation and deduction — present and future 1 Look at these sentences and complete the rules below with the verbs in blue. The negative forms are and. Complete the text in 2 with one word or number in each gap. When you need to listen and complete notes, always read the incomplete notes before you listen.

This helps you to know what to listen for. Look carefully at the words that come just before or after each gap and think about the meaning and type of word that is missing. They only Bitcoins are completely a which you keep in your exist as b smartphone or computer. There are three ways to get Bitcoins. You can buy them with c money. You can sell things and let people pay for them with Bitcoins. Or you can actually create Bitcoins.

To through a process called d make your own Bitcoins, your computer has to solve a complicated mathematical problem. These problems. One consequence of this is f. Journalists found a man with this name in , but he was j i and suffering from an illness.

His collection of Bitcoins might k dollars. Nobody knows who left the notes, but it a be the same person because they left handwritten messages with the notes and the writing was always the same. More than people found notes, so the man c have a lot of money. Again, nobody can be sure, but other people think work as a civil that the man e servant himself once and he gave the money away to make other civil servants happy.

That probably explains why he was giving away all his money. He love it. Match a title to each list. When is each list of expressions useful in a speaking exam? What words and expressions can we use to talk about similarities and differences between photos? Student A, look at the photos below and do the task. Student B, listen to your partner. Compare and contrast the two photos. Find examples of the characteristics in the Writing bank in the email in 3. Put the steps in the correct order.

Wait while the machine processes your transaction. When the machine bleeps, take your card and money and receipt if you asked for one. I am very disappointed with the treatment I have received from your bank. I now have no easy access to cash, through no fault of my own. I expect you to send my new card urgently. I would also like assurance that you will charge me no bank fees for issuing me with a new card.

If I do not hear from you in the next 14 days I shall be forced to consider moving my current account to another bank. I look forward to hearing from you very soon. Yours faithfully, Jonathan Squire. I contacted my bank the next day and they informed me that they could see no reason why the machine had swallowed the card as there was sufficient money in my account.

They then informed me that they had to cancel my card and send me another one. This will take between 7 and 10 days. I selected the amount that I wished to withdraw, but the machine immediately told me that it had retained my card. Last week you were at a train station. In the station there was a vending machine selling books. Write a letter of complaint to the company that is responsible for the vending machine and demand a solution. Plan Paragraph 1: Why are you writing?

Paragraphs 2 and 3: What happened? What are the facts? Paragraph 4: What solution do you demand? What will you do if there is no solution? I am writing to complain about an incident that took place last week at your cashpoint on Anderson Street.

The incident has left me without my debit card and has caused me a great deal of inconvenience. We finish Yours faithfully. We finish Yours sincerely. We do not use contractions. We use longer, more formal words and expressions. We do not use many phrasal verbs. We write complete sentences. We do not usually use abbreviations. We use formulaic expressions to begin and end the letter.

Use your notes and the information in the Writing bank. We use have to to talk about things which are obligatory or necessary, often imposed on us by other people and authorities. We use must to talk about rules, regulations and obligations, that often come from ourselves. We use need to to talk about things which are obligatory or necessary.

We use had to to talk about things which were obligatory or necessary. We use needed to to talk about things which were obligatory or necessary. In two sentences, both alternatives are correct. I was c a lot of weight and the doctor said I was in danger of becoming obese. My diet was increasing the risk of heart disease.

C Last week I picked up some sort of throat e. I had a temperature and felt dizzy all the time. My doctor treated me for the illness. As soon as I started taking the medicine, I got over the illness. D Last month I fell down the stairs and injured myself quite badly. I twisted my ankle, sprained my wrist and g my shoulder. But it was still really h , as you can imagine.

Then look again at the words in red and check that you understand what they mean. Practise saying the words with the correct stress. A I think that generally I have quite a healthy lifestyle. I take regular exercise. I work out in a gym three or four times a week. I also have a a diet, including fresh fruit and vegetables. But is it actually true?

But the truth is that, apart from extreme situations, the body adjusts very well to drinking either too much or too little water. It certainly does not have to be mineral water. So where does this myth come from? What appears to be scientific research can sometimes be pure marketing.

Pain is not something most of us like feeling. But the alternative, not feeling any pain, is much, much worse. Steven Pete was born with a rare genetic disorder which means he cannot feel pain. When he was a boy he broke his leg while roller skating.

He only found out when somebody saw him and told him. Pain prevents us from injuring a body part even more. As an adult, Steven Pete will have to have regular check-ups in case he becomes dangerously ill without knowing it. Brain freeze is when you eat ice cream too quickly and you get a short, sharp pain in your forehead.

There is a rapid change of temperature at the back of your throat, close to two important arteries which feed blood to the brain. Brain freeze is a mechanism to prevent that from happening. But the pain associated with brain freeze is sensed by receptors where the two arteries meet.

Analysing brain freeze may seem like silly science to some, but it can help neuroscientists understand other types of headaches. And the cure for brain freeze? You can also put your tongue up to the roof of your mouth or drink something neither hot nor cold to normalise the temperature in your mouth. If you sit at home watching TV all the time the lack of exercise could increase your risk of heart disease.

But new research has discovered that the type of programme you watch also makes a difference to your health. A team at Cornell University had three groups of volunteers. Some watched an action film, others watched the same action film but without sound, and the third group watched a talk show. Some had healthy snacks in front of them, and others had snacks high in salt and sugar. The result? Interestingly, the viewers who had healthy snacks also ate more.

So next time you watch an action film, put away the snacks! Zero, first and second conditionals 1a Look at the sentences. Which type of conditional does each one use? They may change the meaning of the sentence or make you write too many words. Show More. Show Less. Go to the deal. Table of Contents. Enter Amount. Loading Chart Bitcoin is the first successful internet money based on peer-to-peer technology; whereby no central bank or authority is involved in the transaction and production of the Bitcoin currency.

The source code is available publicly as an open source project, anybody can look at it and be part of the developmental process. Bitcoin is changing the way we see money as we speak.

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When he had to spend six months in hospital because of his stomach illness, it was one of the worst times in his life. He started wondering how people would remember him if he died. This motivated him to make something of his life. He started doing tricks in the street. He talked his way backstage at concerts and did tricks for famous artists such as Snoop Dogg, One Direction and Coldplay. Soon he had a massive following on social media networks, with tens of millions of people worldwide watching his videos.

Then came his own TV series which he has since sold to more than countries, attracting million viewers. He believes that, as we get older, we all want to feel young again and that tricks and illusions can give us that feeling. Steven grew up in one of the most dangerous areas in Bradford. Since his childhood, he has had a serious stomach illness.

Weak and shy, he was a target for bullies. One day he told his great-grandfather about it, who taught him a few tricks. His ability to get attention was evident in when he amazed people by walking on the River Thames in London. At first,. He had walked halfway across the river when the police stopped him. So, how did he do it? Adrenaline stops me feeling any pain.

But Dynamo is no ordinary person. He demonstrates to me one of the tricks he learnt to stop the bullying. He asks me to pick him up, which I do easily. Then he looks at me for less than a second and tells me to do it again. Flipped classroom: watch the video on the Resource Centre or Online Workbook. Comparative and superlative adjectives and adverbs 1a Look at the sentences. Which contain comparative forms and which contain superlative forms?

Complete the table below and then explain the rules for the different groups of adjectives. Each one contains a noun suffix. Which of the nouns are for a person? You may need to change the spelling. Sometimes you can make more than one noun from each word. In this type of exercise, you may need to add a prefix or a suffix or both.

Sometimes the word needs to be plural. Look at the context carefully to decide. The sooner the better. You use it when you want something to happen as soon as possible, for example the start of the holidays. Match the halves of these common expressions. Check that you understand what they mean and then think of a situation when you might use them. But just think of the b important of some of the biggest inventions of the past. Take c electric , for example, or, more specifically, the electric light bulb.

The d create of the light bulb is one of the key moments in human progress. Its e invent was the extraordinarily talented Thomas Edison. Electric light bulbs meant the g appear of unsafe gas lighting. Edison gave people the h able to see at night. What a i different that made! You must use between two and five words, including the word given.

Can you explain it again? Give examples of people you think are intelligent. Which alternatives in 2a does the writer agree with? What arguments do they give to justify their answers? When we talk about intelligence, some people have the idea that intelligence is what we need to answer general knowledge questions, such as What is the capital of Venezuela?

However, most experts would say that this is only one part or type of intelligence. This brings us to the American psychologist Howard Gardner. He talks about seven different types of intelligence, shown in the table opposite. Of course, each of us may be naturally strong in more than just one of these intelligence types. With practice, you can learn to see things in a more scientific or logical way, or you can learn to appreciate literature or music.

It is possible for children to become great musicians if they start early, and there are many bilingual or multilingual children in the world. The interesting thing here is that your life opportunities can make a big difference to your intelligence. So intelligence is not just a question of being born intelligent. The environment you live in can make a huge difference.

Make notes about her study tips for each intelligence 1—7. Do you agree with it? Talk about each tip. Which of these things do you already do? Which would you like to try? Find out what type of learner you are. Follow this plan: 1 Do the Multiple Intelligence Test on page Talk about your results in the test. Do you agree with the results?

How might the results help you in your studies? When you are ready, work in groups and share your tips and activities. Articles 1 Read these sentences. You can use the words more than once. If no word is necessary, put [—]. One of the most interesting episodes of Hidden Talent was about a boy called James Whinnery. He was only They discovered that the boy had a special talent for the languages. He learnt the Arabic in just 19 weeks. He did a test working in Turkish restaurant for a day, talking to the waiters in Arabic.

Then, for his training, they say he learnt the new words — one hundred words each day! At the end of the episode, he travelled to Jordan and they interviewed him in Arabic on a special programme. Of course, nobody can really learn new language in just 19 weeks. But James learnt a lot of things in that time. It seems that sometimes the TV programmes can have positive effect on people and their lives. Compare your sentences in 9a. Choose the best ones and tell them to the rest of the class.

Read the advice in Exam success. Take it in turns to give a presentation with your opinion. Remember to use expressions from the Speaking bank. When you finish, discuss how well you did your presentations. What is their opinion? Do they mention any of your ideas in 3? Look at the presentation topic and discuss if you agree or disagree with the statement.

Make notes of your ideas. Think of arguments to justify and explain your opinions. Would you call any of the people in 1 heroes? Talk about the people in the photos. Who are they and why are they famous? Give reasons why you admire them. It can be a famous person or someone in your life, for example a friend or relative. Write about one famous person who you think has extraordinary talents. Describe them and what they do. It could be an actor, singer, musician, writer, artist … anyone with an amazing talent!

What talents does the writer of the article say that Ed Sheeran has? Make a list. Follow the paragraph plan in 3 and use expressions from the Writing bank. Have you included the relevant information? Is it easy to understand the ideas and information?

Are there any grammar or spelling mistakes? For example, he has some very romantic songs, but he also raps sometimes. Another of his great talents is being able to write lyrics. He usually writes about down-to-earth things that young people understand. He also makes brilliant videos. But when he starts to sing, you can tell that he is in fact incredibly special. How many good singers are there today? Hundreds, maybe?

But how many can write great songs? And how many can perform a whole concert on their own, without any other musicians? Ed Sheeran is already a great singer and performer. Just watch how he gets better and better! We usually make comparative and superlative adverbs with more and the most. We use the with superlative adjectives and adverbs, and with first and last. We use it to refer to something or somebody previously mentioned.

We use such to intensify a noun, with or without an adjective. We use too to say that something is excessive. It is not the same as very because it has a negative meaning. We use it when we mention something for the first time, or to say that the person or thing is one of a number of people or things. We use not as … as or not so … as to say that the second person or thing is more … than the first one.

Add seven articles in the correct places. C His father probably wrote down all the earliest pieces, and perhaps improved them in the process. D The good but not great students had totalled 8, hours. F In fact, researchers have agreed on what they believe is a special number to become a true expert. G But around the age of eight, real differences began to appear. The text suggests that to be a genius you need to work hard and have opportunities.

How important is natural talent? A gifted young mathematician discovers computer programming. He leaves Harvard. Then he starts a little computer company called Microsoft with his friends. Being brilliant, ambitious and hard-working, he builds it into the giant of the software world. From that moment on, Gates lived in the computer room, learning how to use this strange new machine.

In one seven-month period in , Gates and his friends ran up 1, hours of computer time. This idea — that excellence at a complex task needs a critical, minimum level of practice — appears again and again in studies. Everyone, from all three groups, started playing at around the same age — around five.

In those first few years, everyone practised roughly the same — two or three hours a week. Six hours a week by age nine, eight by age 12, 16 a week by age 14, until by the age of 20 they were practising well over 30 hours a week. By then, the elite performers had all totalled 10, hours of practice over the course of their lives. Ten thousand hours is, of course, an enormous amount of time. First were the stars — the students with the potential to become world-class soloists. Second were those who were very good, but not as good as the stars.

In the third group were the students who would probably never play professionally. This is true even of people we think as prodigies. Mozart, for example, famously started writing music at six. By that time Mozart had already been composing concertos for ten years.

Very few teenagers at that time had the kind of experience Gates had. January was the start of the personal computer age. Who was in the best position to take advantage of it? You want to be 20 or 21, born in or When was Bill Gates born? In word formation cloze activities, remember … To change the type of word, you will usually need a suffix e.

To change the meaning of the word, you will usually need a prefix e. If you do, people will not be able to follow you. Make a list of things that you think you know about Albert Einstein. Then read this short text and see if it mentions any of the things on your list.

You can choose three famous, talented people to go on an excursion with. Who are you going to choose and why? One exceptional talent in the world of science was, of course, Albert Einstein. He was also rebellious towards authority when he was at school.

These two facts may have been the origin of a popular myth that the d was a bad student and that he failed at school. This is simply not true. We should his amazing not e in science subjects. But the myth may also come from the fact that when he was 16 he tried, , to get into the prestigious j Federal Polytechnic in Zurich, failing some of the non-science subjects.

The normal entrance age was 18, so he was two years younger than usual. The next year, when he was just 17, he passed! Take it in turns to give your presentations. Use expressions from 8. In stories, remember … Use a variety of past tenses and linkers of time and sequence to make it clear when the different events in the story happened. Read this task and plan your story.

Your English teacher has asked you to write a story for the school magazine. Complete the gaps with the correct form of the words at the end of the lines. What types of things? Pop Shop, in the Westgate shopping centre, are having a big weekend sale. But yesterday they had a special b there and everything was cheaper than usual.

I paid with the f that my parents gave me for my birthday. I asked for the h because if you have problems afterwards you need to have proof that you bought it in that particular shop. Anyway, all bargain-hunters go down to Pop Shop! The sale ends at 5 pm today. What do they all have in common? Whether we like it or not, money plays a central role in society today.

We all use it, more or less every day. Because of the importance of money, we probably all ought to have a clear idea of the history of money, and how money works. Many different things have been used as money over the years, including cocoa beans, salt and cows. At first, the value of money was fixed by its alternative uses. For example, you could use the cocoa beans to make chocolate, or the salt to make food taste better. These uses give them a basic value. On the other hand, many people may want strawberries and be happy to trade for them, but they make poor money because they last for such a short time.

There is also the problem that not everything of value is easy to divide, and standardising each unit is also hard. For example, not every strawberry has the same size or quality. So it is not easy to establish the value of strawberries. Perhaps the easiest way to think about the role of money is to consider a world without it.

We would have to barter for everything. In a barter economy, we need to exchange every item we want for something that we can provide. For example, a person who specialises in fixing cars and needs to trade for food must find a farmer with a broken car.

Or what if the farmer only has eggs, more eggs than the mechanic can possibly use? The difficulty with this system is finding the right person to barter with. So, money should be something that maintains its value over time, can be easily translated into prices, and be widely accepted. Precious metals such as gold and silver seem to serve all three needs. They are hard to obtain. There is a finite supply of them in the world. It is easy to divide them into standardised coins and they do not lose value over time or when made into smaller units.

You just need to go to a market to sell your goods or services. You exchange these for a common medium of exchange — that is, money. You can then use that money to buy what you need from others who also accept the same medium of exchange. Until relatively recently, the coins that people used were mainly made of gold and silver. But gold and silver are heavy. People had to carry their precious metals around all the time to exchange them for goods.

They could leave them at a bank and buy and sell using a note from the bank. But when they wanted their gold or silver again, they could go to the bank with their note and withdraw it. Eventually, the paper note or receipt was separated from the actual metal. And they stopped making coins with precious metals.

Fiat money, the cash we carry around with us, is materially worthless worthless. But it has value simply because a nation collectively agrees to give a value to it. In theory, governments could print as much money as they liked. Unit 5. A British student is coming to study for one month at your school.

Think of useful information to give them. Write one sentence with each of these modal verbs. Use the structures in 5a. What was it? Match the expressions with their definitions. Debt is the new normal for students. How many of the things do you do?

Discuss your answers in pairs. Suggest free or cheap things to do and search websites such as savethestudent. If you run out of cash, you should resist the temptation to use your debit card so you can learn to live within your limits. For that reason, it may also be sensible to avoid accounts that offer large overdrafts so that you do not borrow without a very good reason.

This has now become easier with new online banking services and apps. Ms Friedgut advises withdrawing a certain amount of cash from an ATM each week to spend in local shops or on the high street. Companies like these methods because they encourage customers to spend money. Limiting yourself to cash really helps you to control your spending.

M Both StepChange and the There is a Debt Advice Foundation massive danger offer help in creating budgets and action plans with debit cards. Most cash really helps universities and colleges you to control your now offer some form of spending. Many universities also provide small emergency loans for students in need. You want to plan a simple budget. Follow this plan: 1 Read the information about a student called Samara on page Compare your budgets.

Are they similar or not? Do you agree about what is essential and non-essential? Modal verbs of speculation and deduction — present and future 1 Look at these sentences and complete the rules below with the verbs in blue. The negative forms are and. Complete the text in 2 with one word or number in each gap. When you need to listen and complete notes, always read the incomplete notes before you listen. This helps you to know what to listen for.

Look carefully at the words that come just before or after each gap and think about the meaning and type of word that is missing. They only Bitcoins are completely a which you keep in your exist as b smartphone or computer. There are three ways to get Bitcoins. You can buy them with c money. You can sell things and let people pay for them with Bitcoins. Or you can actually create Bitcoins. To through a process called d make your own Bitcoins, your computer has to solve a complicated mathematical problem.

These problems. One consequence of this is f. Journalists found a man with this name in , but he was j i and suffering from an illness. His collection of Bitcoins might k dollars. Nobody knows who left the notes, but it a be the same person because they left handwritten messages with the notes and the writing was always the same. More than people found notes, so the man c have a lot of money. Again, nobody can be sure, but other people think work as a civil that the man e servant himself once and he gave the money away to make other civil servants happy.

That probably explains why he was giving away all his money. He love it. Match a title to each list. When is each list of expressions useful in a speaking exam? What words and expressions can we use to talk about similarities and differences between photos? Student A, look at the photos below and do the task. Student B, listen to your partner. Compare and contrast the two photos. Find examples of the characteristics in the Writing bank in the email in 3.

Put the steps in the correct order. Wait while the machine processes your transaction. When the machine bleeps, take your card and money and receipt if you asked for one. I am very disappointed with the treatment I have received from your bank. I now have no easy access to cash, through no fault of my own. I expect you to send my new card urgently. I would also like assurance that you will charge me no bank fees for issuing me with a new card.

If I do not hear from you in the next 14 days I shall be forced to consider moving my current account to another bank. I look forward to hearing from you very soon. Yours faithfully, Jonathan Squire. I contacted my bank the next day and they informed me that they could see no reason why the machine had swallowed the card as there was sufficient money in my account. They then informed me that they had to cancel my card and send me another one.

This will take between 7 and 10 days. I selected the amount that I wished to withdraw, but the machine immediately told me that it had retained my card. Last week you were at a train station. In the station there was a vending machine selling books. Write a letter of complaint to the company that is responsible for the vending machine and demand a solution.

Plan Paragraph 1: Why are you writing? Paragraphs 2 and 3: What happened? What are the facts? Paragraph 4: What solution do you demand? What will you do if there is no solution? I am writing to complain about an incident that took place last week at your cashpoint on Anderson Street.

The incident has left me without my debit card and has caused me a great deal of inconvenience. We finish Yours faithfully. We finish Yours sincerely. We do not use contractions. We use longer, more formal words and expressions. We do not use many phrasal verbs. We write complete sentences. We do not usually use abbreviations. We use formulaic expressions to begin and end the letter.

Use your notes and the information in the Writing bank. We use have to to talk about things which are obligatory or necessary, often imposed on us by other people and authorities. We use must to talk about rules, regulations and obligations, that often come from ourselves. We use need to to talk about things which are obligatory or necessary. We use had to to talk about things which were obligatory or necessary. We use needed to to talk about things which were obligatory or necessary.

In two sentences, both alternatives are correct. I was c a lot of weight and the doctor said I was in danger of becoming obese. My diet was increasing the risk of heart disease. C Last week I picked up some sort of throat e. I had a temperature and felt dizzy all the time. My doctor treated me for the illness. As soon as I started taking the medicine, I got over the illness.

D Last month I fell down the stairs and injured myself quite badly. I twisted my ankle, sprained my wrist and g my shoulder. But it was still really h , as you can imagine. Then look again at the words in red and check that you understand what they mean.

Practise saying the words with the correct stress. A I think that generally I have quite a healthy lifestyle. I take regular exercise. I work out in a gym three or four times a week. I also have a a diet, including fresh fruit and vegetables. But is it actually true? But the truth is that, apart from extreme situations, the body adjusts very well to drinking either too much or too little water.

It certainly does not have to be mineral water. So where does this myth come from? What appears to be scientific research can sometimes be pure marketing. Pain is not something most of us like feeling. But the alternative, not feeling any pain, is much, much worse. Steven Pete was born with a rare genetic disorder which means he cannot feel pain. When he was a boy he broke his leg while roller skating. He only found out when somebody saw him and told him.

Pain prevents us from injuring a body part even more. As an adult, Steven Pete will have to have regular check-ups in case he becomes dangerously ill without knowing it. Brain freeze is when you eat ice cream too quickly and you get a short, sharp pain in your forehead. There is a rapid change of temperature at the back of your throat, close to two important arteries which feed blood to the brain.

Brain freeze is a mechanism to prevent that from happening. But the pain associated with brain freeze is sensed by receptors where the two arteries meet. Analysing brain freeze may seem like silly science to some, but it can help neuroscientists understand other types of headaches. And the cure for brain freeze?

You can also put your tongue up to the roof of your mouth or drink something neither hot nor cold to normalise the temperature in your mouth. If you sit at home watching TV all the time the lack of exercise could increase your risk of heart disease. But new research has discovered that the type of programme you watch also makes a difference to your health.

A team at Cornell University had three groups of volunteers. Some watched an action film, others watched the same action film but without sound, and the third group watched a talk show. Some had healthy snacks in front of them, and others had snacks high in salt and sugar. The result? Interestingly, the viewers who had healthy snacks also ate more.

So next time you watch an action film, put away the snacks! Zero, first and second conditionals 1a Look at the sentences. Which type of conditional does each one use? They may change the meaning of the sentence or make you write too many words. You must use between three and five words, including the word given. Complete the table with information from the text. It appears that some improvements to nutrient intakes have been made in the past decade.

But intakes of saturated fat and added sugars are too high. For saturated fat, average intakes are For added sugars, intakes are In addition, average fibre intakes are lower than recommended. Adolescents need a healthy varied diet, incorporating all the major food groups. In the short term, this will help with general appearance for example, shiny hair and healthy skin as well as energy levels, while in the long term, it will help prevent chronic diseases such as heart disease, diabetes and osteoporosis.

How do we know? There is evidence of inadequate micronutrient intakes in some groups in the UK, especially teenagers. For example, many teenage girls 11—18 years are consuming low amounts of iron and there is also evidence of low intakes of vitamin A, riboflavin, calcium, magnesium, potassium, selenium, iodine and zinc. There is some evidence of socioeconomic inequalities; for example, children from families with lower incomes tend to have lower intakes of fruit and vegetables 2.

Copy and complete the table with notes about what each student says. Write between one and five words. Compare your tables in pairs. B PU Your school wants to promote healthy eating for teenagers. They want you to think of ideas that could help teenagers to eat well, in and outside school. They also want you to think of a way to present those ideas to other students.

Obesity remains a major problem among British schoolchildren and there is a clear socioeconomic difference, with levels of obesity being highest in the most socially deprived children. Almost 1 in 10 English children are obese when they start school and 2 in 10 are obese by age These findings emphasise the importance of Almost 1 in highlighting good 10 English nutrition through the children are school curriculum and obese when through the food and they start drink available in school.

School food standards were introduced in and evaluations of the impact of these standards have shown improvements in the diets of schoolchildren since their introduction, not only at school but in their diets overall. However, there still remains room for improvement. Compare what the speakers say about healthy eating in the UK with the situation in your country.

Work in a small group and follow this plan: 1 Discuss the ideas on these two pages that you think would be useful. Third conditional 1 Look at these sentences and answer the questions. Look at these sports. Have you ever tried them? If not, would you like to? They say it was brilliant. The thing is that I work really long hours in my new job. Sometimes I wish I b accepted the job.

Basically, I took it because I really needed the money. One thing is clear though. Another problem is my diet. If only I e like fast food so much, but I love it! At work, some people bring cakes and sweets to share. Ask follow-up questions to find out more information. Make a list of advice on how to do this type of task. Look at Exam success for Unit 2 on page if necessary. Your school wants to encourage students to live healthier lives.

Here are some ideas that they are thinking about and a question for you to discuss. Talk to each other about how these ideas could encourage students to live healthier lives. Talk to each other about how these ideas could help students to beat stress. Do you think they do the task well? How do you think you did in comparison? Make a list of expressions for sections 1—3 of the Speaking bank.

Compare your answers with the Speaking bank on page Describe what you can see in the photo. What does it say about modern life? Are any of your ideas in it? Do you agree with the writer and their conclusion? In the last 50 years or so, new technology has made massive changes to the world. Mobile phones, computers and the Internet have all made the world faster, and so have cars and other types of transport. But not everybody agrees on whether these changes have had a positive or negative effect on our health.

N 6 Work with a partner and read the essay task. Make a paragraph plan and write down notes with ideas for each paragraph. However, it is up to us as individuals to be aware of the dangers and to take measures to make sure our own lives are as healthy as possible, by eating well and getting sufficient exercise. On the other hand, technology has possibly made our lives too easy. For example, some people go everywhere by car and so they never get any exercise. Nowadays, people eat a lot of processed food whereas in the past they ate fresh, natural ingredients.

As a result, the risk of heart problems is greater now. Our health has certainly improved in some ways. Firstly, medical science has improved, which means that doctors are better at curing and preventing illnesses now than in the past. What is more, new technology has made our lives easier, for example by making it less necessary to use physical strength.

Remember that in for-and-against essays, you must think of points for both sides of the argument. You can express your own view in the conclusion. Use your notes and the expressions in the Writing bank. Language checkpoint: Unit 6 Grammar reference Zero, first, second and third conditionals We use the zero conditional to talk about situations that are generally or always true.

We use the third conditional to talk about imaginary or impossible situations in the past and their consequences. The situations are impossible because we cannot change them now that they have happened. We use the first conditional to talk about possible and probable situations in the future, and their consequences. We use the second conditional to talk about imaginary or improbable situations in the present or future and their consequences. It expresses wishes for things to be different in the present.

It expresses regrets. Which type of conditional is each sentence? He felt really. In exams where you have to talk about photos, remember … Before the exam, revise words and expressions you will need to compare and contrast photos, to make speculations about them, to introduce your personal opinion of them, and to say where things are in the photos.

In activities where you have to complete notes, remember … Always read the incomplete notes before you listen. Think about what type of word is missing, but be careful: if you know that you need a number, for example, do not simply write the first number that you hear. When would we use each one? What other words and expressions do you know for the same uses? Student B, look at photos 2a and 2b. Think about the similarities and differences between your photos and what you could say about them.

Compare the two photos and say why you think the people have chosen to do these activities at the weekend. Complete the text with one word or a number in each gap. In for-and-against and opinion essays, remember … You must present both sides of the argument, whatever your personal opinion is. You can give your own opinion in the conclusion.

In opinion essays you can just give your own side of the argument. In sentence transformation activities, remember … When you finish, check that you have not changed the meaning of the original sentence, or changed the form of the word they gave you, or written more than the maximum number of words permitted.

You must use between three and five words. Look at the essay title. Are the ideas below for or against the statement? Now we urgently need a tax on fast food. What should be the content of each paragraph? Use linkers to introduce and sequence arguments and to make contrasts.

Compare your answers with a partner. Now do the same with different types of films. I love music, especially rock and pop. Last summer I went to a brilliant a by Imagine Dragons. When they appeared on c , the d went wild. The g was spectacular — you could see them really well from a distance. The sound was brilliant, too. You could hear all the words really clearly. The film we saw last Saturday was amazing.

It i Anne Hathaway in the j of an astronaut. She was really convincing. In general, the l was really good — maybe one of the actors will win an Oscar. What I liked the most was the m because I think a good film should tell an interesting story. I remember that there was one n that was really emotional where the characters realise the consequences of their journey through space.

The o was great too — the music went perfectly with the images. Take it in turns to ask and answer the questions in the questionnaire. At our core, songwriters are creators creators.. We challenge ourselves and others to reflect on the world around us. You need express permission from the original creators to use or copy their work before you resell it.

We have no power to protect the value of the music we create. But does our work as songwriters have value? Coming from someone who has spent his life working hard to Consider the fact that it a songwriter. She wants Spotify to treat her were then divided between three work as though it has value.

This songwriters and our publishers. First, unlike most people in creative The reality is that purchasing industries, songwriters seem to have and downloading songs have less control over our work than ever given way to streaming, and as before. And just. But the irony of the situation is that our music is actually being enjoyed by more people in more places than ever before.

Our work clearly does have value, of course, or else it would not be in such high demand. I, for one, can no longer stand and just watch as songwriters are left out in the cold, while streaming company executives build their fortunes thanks to our hard work. Songwriting is truly a labour of love, one that often does not result in wealth. But I know the work we create has real value. And I believe people will one day recognise that a system that allows digital streaming services to enjoy enormous profits while music creators struggle is imbalanced and broken.

You can also do your part to protect the music you love by buying albums and encouraging streaming services to respect the value of songwriting. He says, He has said? Compound nouns and adjectives 1 Look at these compounds. Which are compound nouns and which are compound adjectives? Where is the stress in the compound nouns — on the first word, the last word or both?

And in the compound adjectives? Olivia: Have you ever been to a music festival? Tom: Yes, I have. I went to one last year. Olivia: Who was the best band? Tom: I really enjoyed the Foo Fighters. When are they playing? Tom: I think the concert will be in July. Are you going to be here in July? Show More. Show Less. Go to the deal. Table of Contents.

Enter Amount. Loading Chart Bitcoin is the first successful internet money based on peer-to-peer technology; whereby no central bank or authority is involved in the transaction and production of the Bitcoin currency. The source code is available publicly as an open source project, anybody can look at it and be part of the developmental process.

Bitcoin is changing the way we see money as we speak.