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Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services. Economic literature: papers , articles , software , chapters , books. FRED data. The investment development path of newly developed countries. According to foreign direct investment FDI path theory, developed countries are grouped into two phases, known as the fourth and fifth phases.
Fourth-phase countries newly developed economies show a technological and institutional "gap" in comparison with fifth-phase economies, which explains their lesser capacity to generate direct investment. We found that these countries, which were less developed economies in the s, had undergone a deep structural transformation. This transformation encouraged the multinationalization of firms, which is a differentiating element and one outcome of their development process.
These results have clear policy implications: the governments of newly developed countries should take steps to increase the endowment of knowledge-intensive assets. The main contribution of this paper is the theoretical reformulation of the fourth phase of the investment development path theory. Dunning, J. Kumar and M. McLeod eds Multinationals from Developing Countries. San Francisco: Lexington Press, pp. Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv , — Basingstoke: Edward Elgar.
Dunning and R. Narula eds Foreign Direct Investment and Governments. London: Routledge, pp. Oxford: Basil Blackwell. Transnational Corporations , 10 2 : 1— Ekholm, K. National Bureau of Economic Research, working paper no. European Economy. Brussels: European Commission. Filippov, S. International Journal of Emerging Markets , 6 4 : — Gorynia, M. Eastern European Economics , 45 2 : 52— Argumenta Oeconomica , 1 Eastern journal of European Studies , 1 2.
Jaklis, A. Transnational Corporations , 10 2 : 67— Jaworek, M. Unpublished data presented at the Polskie inwestycje za granic — stan i wyzwania conference, Warsaw. Kaliszuk, C. Kalotay K. Liuhto and Z. Lahti and Tampere: Esa Print Oy, pp.
Kalotay, K. International Finance Review , 6: — Vahtra and E. Turku: Pan-European Institute, pp. Research in International Business and Finance , 22 2 : 85— Kola, M. Karaszewski ed. Toru: Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Mikoaja Kopernika, pp. Kottaridi, C, Filippaios, F. Lisowska, R. Brno: Metali. Marczewski, C. Foreign Investment in Poland — Marczewski, V.
Narula, R. Oxford Development Studies , 38 3 : — Eastern journal of European Studies , 1 2 : 5— Marinov and S. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, pp. Pradhan, J.