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See how Citi is taking steps to help mitigate the effects of the pandemic, from helping clients to providing relief through funds to frontline healthcare workers, organizations such as No Kid Hungry and more. Despite the pandemic limiting options for group events, Citi was determined to do our part through meaningful volunteerism. The Citi Plex Account is a new digital checking and savings account built to make managing money simpler, smarter and more rewarding. Community Development Financial Institutions do more than provide capital, they level the playing field for communities and populations at risk of being left behind. Market attention has focused on the bearish potential return of the U.

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China investment in pakistan wikimapia

Archived from the original on 22 December Retrieved 6 December Standard Charter Bank. Retrieved 14 March The Economist. Retrieved 8 September Ispahani June Cornell University Press. Pakistan Today. Archived from the original on 12 March Retrieved 18 May Retrieved 22 April Outlook India. Retrieved 13 August The Diplomate. Retrieved 5 February Xinhua News Agency. Retrieved 8 April Retrieved 13 November Retrieved 2 December Daily Pakistan Global.

New Indian Express. The News. Retrieved 3 March Archived from the original on 18 November Retrieved 9 April Business Recorder. Archived from the original on 17 November Retrieved 16 December Express Tribune. Retrieved 25 May In a major move, the ECC approved a complete income tax holiday for 23 years to businesses that will be established in the Gwadar Free Zone However, if these businesses make supplies and sales outside the free zone, they will be subject to taxation.

Pakistan approved customs duty exemption for the COPHCL, its operating companies, contractors and subcontractors for a period of 40 years on import of equipment, materials, plants, machinery, appliances, and accessories for the construction of Gwadar Port and the associated Free Zone. Daily Times. Archived from the original on 14 November Geo TV. World Highway. Archived from the original on 23 February Liberal Studies.

Retrieved 8 June Senate Secretariat. Question Senate of Pakistan. Retrieved 11 February The News Pakistan. Retrieved 4 May Tribune Pakistan. Raikot — Thakot section 2-Lane The Road construction is planned to commensurate with Dam Construction activities. In the meanwhile, the existing KKH is being improved in its present condition. Pakistan Observer. Archived from the original on 15 February Samaa TV.

Retrieved 16 January Global Construction Review. Retrieved 28 January Dispatch News Desk. Retrieved 8 February Business Standard. Retrieved 8 May Dawn News. Archived from the original on 28 June Geo News. Retrieved 26 January Daily Frontier Star. Retrieved 2 February Retrieved 13 May National Highway Authority.

I Khan". Retrieved 19 May Retrieved 3 February Asian Development Bank. Pakistan Obserer. Archived from the original on 11 February Retrieved 9 February Retrieved 29 January Economic Times India. Spearhead Research. Archived from the original on 15 April The Express Tribune Pakistan.

Sost Today. Archived from the original on 16 November The Economic Times. Hindustan Times. Retrieved 9 August The project is planned to be completed in two phases in five years by The first phase will be completed by December and the second by The Hindu. The construction of a km new track from Lalamusa to Peshawar, construction of tunnels, bridges and culverts along with allied structures and facilities for ton axle load capacity are also part of the project. Express Tribune Pakistan.

Archived from the original on 28 May Ministry of Planning, Development, and Reform Pakistan. Archived from the original PDF on 13 March Retrieved 13 March Jamestown Foundation. Retrieved 31 July Voice of America.

The News Teller. The Telegraph. Dawn 8 September Retrieved 11 March Retrieved 27 July Retrieved 20 May Asia and the Pacific Policy Society. Retrieved 23 August Retrieved 23 August — via The Economic Times. Retrieved 27 May Retrieved 20 February Retrieved 6 July Archived from the original PDF on 7 March Retrieved 17 December Archived from the original PDF on 22 December Retrieved 19 February See table on pages 19— Retrieved 11 August Dunya TV.

Nepra has notified upfront tariff of 8. The upfront tariff will be 8. The upfront tariff will be 7. The cost of electricity for the initial 10 years will be 8. China Daily. The production of remaining megawatts from block-II will begin by the end of or by the beginning of while the mining and energy projects in block-I and block-VI of Thar will also reach their financial close this year," said the official.

Journal of International Affairs. Hydrocarbons Technology. Daily Pakistan. Retrieved 10 March The Siasast Daily. Retrieved 23 March Retrieved 30 August Retrieved 7 October Digital TV News. Geo TV News. World Bank Group. Data The World Bank. Retrieved 21 April Retrieved 6 February PTV Parliament.

Retrieved 2 January Chohan May McGill University Economic Publications. Radio Pakistan. Newsweek Pakistan. Financial Times. Retrieved 18 December Pakistani Govt announces no load-shedding at feeders across Pakistan. The Tribune Pakistan. Retrieved 17 February World Bank. Pakistan faces significant economic, governance and security challenges to achieve durable development outcomes. The persistence of conflict in the border areas and security challenges throughout the country affect all aspects of life in Pakistan and impedes development.

World Finance. The Guardian. Retrieved 14 November Retrieved 12 March BBC 22 April China Brief The Jamestown Foundation. Fox News Channel. International Relations and Security Network. Journal of Contemporary China. The Maritime Executive.

The World Reporter. Retrieved 4 June Taylor Fravel. Foreign Affairs. South Asian Voices. Retrieved 23 January Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif, on his part, made an offer to Tajikistan to use Pakistan's seaports for imports and exports as these provide the shortest route for movement of goods.

The premier backed Tajikistan's request for being part of the Quadrilateral Agreement on Traffic in Transit among China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Pakistan — an arrangement that will further improve regional connectivity. The Daily Star. Business Spectator. Similarly, in Uzbekistan, the plan to develop train lines from Tashkent through Ferghana to Kyrgyzstan points to a project that will help develop faster train links across Central Asia to China.

The Journal of Commerce. Retrieved 30 June According to the provisional deal, IPGPL will refurbish a meter 2,foot container handling facility through deployment of new equipment, including four rail-mounted gantry cranes, 16 rubber-tire gantry cranes, two reach stackers and two empty handlers.

For the rebuilding of a meter 1,foot multi-purpose berth at Chabahar, Indian authorities will invest in six mobile harbor cranes, 10 forklifts and 10 trailers. India Today. Retrieved 24 May The ongoing diplomatic finger-pointing is a curious affair. The Iranians told the newspaper that the delay was from the Indian side, without explaining further.

Christian Science Monitor. Retrieved 28 May Ministry of External Affairs India. Retrieved 26 May Bilateral contract on Chabahar Port for port development and operations between IPGPL [India Ports Global Private Limited] and Arya Banader of Iran The contract envisages development and operation for 10 years of two terminals and 5 berths with cargo handling [multipurpose and general] capacities.

Hindustan Time. Economic Times. Press TV. Russia Beyond the Headlines. Pakistan Ministry of Commerce. Archived from the original PDF on 5 November Retrieved 7 March Pakistan will facilitate Afghan exports to India through Wagha. Afghan cargo will be off loaded on to Indian trucks back to back at Wagha and the trucks on return will not carry Indian Exports. Index of Economic Freedom. Heritage Foundation.

Archived from the original on 1 June Indian Express. Ahmed Safee, a research fellow at the ISSI, quoted the Iranian envoy as saying that the deal is still on the table for both Pakistan and China, assuring that 'Chabahar is not a rival to Gwadar'. The ambassador added that both are sister ports, and Chabahar port authorities would extend cooperation to Gwadar. We are waiting for new members. Pakistan, our brotherly neighbours and China, a great partner of the Iranians and a good friend of Pakistan, are both welcome," said the envoy.

Honardost went on to say that Pakistan and China were offered to join the Chahbahar port development deal before India. However, both Pakistan and China did not show any interest, he added. The Indian Express. Retrieved 2 June Live Mint. Afghanistan remains politically unstable.

Any government that comes to power after the elections, if led by the Taliban or another Pakistani-supported political faction, may not be as enamored of increased trade with Iran or India as the current government is. New York Times. From Chabahar port, the existing Iranian road network can link up to Zaranj in Afghanistan.

Associated Press. In recent weeks, the Taliban have taken huge swaths of the province and now they appear to be closing in on the capital, Lashkar Gah. Archived from the original on 9 August The closure of Helmand-Kandahar Highway for the past four days - due to the presence of Taliban in parts of Helmand province — has created numerous challenges for battle-weary residents.

International Business Times. Retrieved 23 September India TV. Retrieved 13 July Official documents show that acts of terrorism as well as sectarian and targeted killings have gone down by 50 per cent in Balochistan over the last two years under Chief Minister Dr Abdul Malik Baloch's administration. The Spectator UK. South Asia Terrorism Portal. Retrieved 1 April The Jakarta Post. Retrieved 24 April Retrieved 12 June Retrieved 7 August Retrieved 21 September I Khan Motorway".

Retrieved 1 October Retrieved 29 October Retrieved 21 July Retrieved 30 March The News International. DNA News India. Retrieved 25 April Balochistan Voices. Asia Times. Retrieved 2 August Australian Institute of International Affairs. Retrieved 14 May Retrieved 20 July Journal of Political Studies. NBC News.

Deutsche Welle. He tried to assuage these concerns. We must ensure that there is transparency and justice in this very critical and expensive project. Pakistan Herald. Zee News. Retrieved 14 August Institute for Defence Studies and Analyses. Retrieved 5 May World Politics Review. Lexington Books. India-Pakistan: Coming to Terms.

Daily News and Analysis. Times of India. Institute for Defense Studies and Analyses. Retrieved 1 June Daily O India. Zee TV. The Quint. The Central Asia-Caucasus Analyst. Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organization. Retrieved 26 September The Wire. Business Standard India. China—Pakistan Economic Corridor. Karachi Circular Railway Khunjerab Railway. Gadani Power Project. Special Security Division. Belt and Road Initiative. Agua Negra Pass International Tunnel.

Transoceanic fiber optic cable Polar Silk Road. Internationalization of the renminbi Panda bonds Green finance. Leading Group Community of shared future for mankind. China—Pakistan relations. Category:China—Pakistan relations. Hidden categories: All articles with dead external links Articles with dead external links from November Articles with permanently dead external links CS1 maint: location CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list Articles with short description Short description is different from Wikidata EngvarB from April Use dmy dates from October All articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from April All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from October Namespaces Article Talk.

Views Read Edit View history. Read More radio. Read More dawn. This plan is national plan approved by both Chinese an Pakistani government. Home FAQs Contact. Introduction China Pakistan Economic Corridor is a framework of regional connectivity. Official Messages. Imran Khan Prime Minister of Pakistan. Friendship between China and Pakistan is based on trust and mutual support, and we have been devoted friends through both good and hard times.

Xi Jinping President of China. CPEC is being developed in a way that it cannot just be a stimulus to our economic growth but also provides Pakistan basis for regional integration, socio economic development, interoperability, ha The China-Pakistan Economic Corridor is closely related to the Belt and Road Initiative, and therefore requires closer cooperation and greater progress.

China and South Asia are linked historically and geographically through the Ancient Silk Road, and it is but natural that these two regions continue to be linked even more strongly. Moin ul Haque Pakistani Ambassador to China. China-Pakistan Economic Corridor is a major and pilot project of the Belt and Road Initiative, to which the leaders of our two countries have attached great importance and rendered active promotion Nong Rong Chinese Ambassador to Pakistan.

Pakistan's first-ever urban train under CPEC takes first test run Thar coal plant begins pumping power into national grid Education for growth China-Pakistan Economic Corridor Achievements.

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Buddhist monks from the area of what is now Khyber Pakhtunkhwa region of Pakistan were involved in the Silk Road transmission of Buddhism to Han dynasty China. Faxian travelled in what is now modern-day Pakistan. Japan's history of imperialism was explained by Du to his fellow Muslims. The Chinese Muslim's anti-Japanese war effort received a pledge of support from Jinnah. Diplomatic relations between Pakistan and China were established on 21 May , shortly after the Republic of China lost power in the Mainland in India had recognised China a year before, and Indian Prime Minister Nehru also hoped for closer relations with the Chinese.

With escalating border tensions leading to the Sino-Indian war , China and Pakistan aligned with each other in a joint effort to counter India and the Soviet Union as both have border disputes with India. One year after China's border war with India, Pakistan ceded the Trans-Karakoram Tract to China to end border disputes and improve diplomatic relations. Since then, an informal alliance that initially began as mutual opposition towards India has grown into a lasting relationship that has benefited both nations on the diplomatic, economic and military frontiers.

Along with diplomatic support, Pakistan served as a conduit for China to open up to the West. China has in turn provided extensive economic aid and political support to Pakistan. Since the two sides established their "all-weather diplomatic relations", there have been frequent exchanges between the two countries' leadership and peoples.

For example, former Chinese Premier Zhou Enlai received warm welcomes in all of his four visits to Pakistan. Upon arriving at the ministry, the ambassador cried due to his grief in front of Chinese diplomats. It is the first road in Pakistan that is named after foreign leaders. On 27 May , then Chinese leader Mao Zedong , aged 83, received his last foreign guest Pakistani president Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto despite his critical illness, days before his death.

On 22 May , Chinese Premier Li Keqiang 's airplane was escorted by six JF Thunder jets, jointly developed by the two countries, as it entered Pakistani airspace. On 20 April , Chinese President Xi Jinping visited Pakistan as his first foreign visit of the year, also the first by a Chinese president in 9 years.

Before his arrival, he published an article praising the friendship on Pakistani newspapers like Daily Jang. The Chinese president compared visiting Pakistan with visiting his brother's home. Xi was given a grand welcome upon his arrival at Noor Khan airbase, a gun salute and guard of honour was presented to him. When I was young, I heard many touching stories about Pakistan and the friendship between our two countries.

To name just a few, I learned that the Pakistani people were working hard to build their beautiful country, and that Pakistan opened an air corridor for China to reach out to the world and supported China in restoring its lawful seat in the United Nations. The stories have left me with a deep impression. I look forward to my upcoming state visit to Pakistan. Pakistan's military initially depended almost entirely on American armaments and aid, which was increased during the covert U.

The U. The Pressler Amendment in suspended all American military assistance and any new economic aid amidst concerns that Pakistan was attempting to develop a nuclear weapon. This belief was further strengthened as India had developed a nuclear weapon without significant American opposition, and Pakistan felt obligated to do the same. Consequently, the primarily geopolitical alliance between Pakistan and China has since branched out into military and economic cooperation, due to Pakistan's belief that the U.

With the U. Since the September 11 attacks , Pakistan has increased the scope of Chinese influence and support by agreeing to a number of military projects, combined with extensive economic support and investment from the Chinese. In July , Pakistan was one of 50 countries that backed China's policies in Xinjiang , signing a joint letter to the UNHRC commending China's "remarkable achievements in the field of human rights", claiming "Now safety and security has returned to Xinjiang and the fundamental human rights of people of all ethnic groups there are safeguarded.

In November , Pakistan was one of 54 countries that signed a joint statement supporting China's Xinjiang policies. There are strong military ties between China and Pakistan. The strong military ties primarily aim to counter regional Indian and American influence, and was also to repel Soviet influence in the area. In recent years this relationship has strengthened through ongoing military projects and agreements between Pakistan and China.

Since , China has been a steady source of military equipment to the Pakistani Army , helping establish ammunition factories, providing technological assistance and modernising existing facilities. The Chinese has designed tailor-made advanced weapons for Pakistan, making it a strong military power in the South Asian region.

The armies have a schedule for organising joint military exercises. China has recently pledged to invest nearly 43 billion US dollars. In the past, China has played a major role in the development of Pakistan's nuclear infrastructure, especially when increasingly stringent export controls in Western countries made it difficult for Pakistan to acquire plutonium and uranium enriching equipment from elsewhere such as the Chinese help in building the Khushab reactor, which plays a key role in Pakistan's production of plutonium.

A subsidiary of the China National Nuclear Corporation contributed in Pakistan's efforts to expand its uranium enrichment capabilities by providing 5, custom made ring magnets, which are a key component of the bearings that facilitate the high-speed rotation of centrifuges. China has also provided technical and material support in the completion of the Chashma Nuclear Power Complex and plutonium reprocessing facility, which was built in the mids.

China, Pakistan and Afghanistan have coordinated to increase regional stability. Pakistan has been one of China's major trade partners. Recently though, economic trade between Pakistan and China is increasing, and a free trade agreement has been signed.

Military and technological transactions continue to dominate the economic relationship between the two nations, and China has pledged to increase their investment in Pakistan's economy and infrastructure. On 22 April , according to China Daily , China released its first overseas investment project under the Belt and Road Initiative for developing a hydropower station near Jhelum.

The biggest development off late to open up the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor CPEC has changed the situation completely as China has carved an enormous plan for economic growth and development in Pakistan as pointed out below in the next section. The journey takes two to three months, during which time the ships are vulnerable to pirates, bad weather, political rivals and other risks.

Using Gwadar Port instead would reduce the distance and possibly the cost. The plan seeks to build on a market presence already established by Chinese enterprises, Haier in household appliances, ChinaMobile and Huawei in telecommunications and China Metallurgical Group Corporation MCC in mining and minerals.

In other cases, such as textiles and garments, cement and building materials, fertiliser and agricultural technologies among others it calls for building the infrastructure and a supporting policy environment to facilitate fresh entry. According to the plan, a key element in this is the creation of industrial parks, or special economic zones, would be done with the provision of water, perfect infrastructure, sufficient supply of energy and the capacity of self-service power.

But the main thrust of the plan actually lies in agriculture, contrary to the image of CPEC as a massive industrial and transport undertaking, involving power plants and highways. The plan acquires its greatest specificity, and lays out the largest number of projects and plans for their facilitation, in agriculture. For agriculture, the plan outlines an engagement that runs from one end of the supply chain all the way to the other. From provision of seeds and other inputs, like fertiliser, credit and pesticides, Chinese enterprises will also operate their own farms, processing facilities for fruits and vegetables and grain.

Logistics companies will operate a large storage and transportation system for agrarian produce, as stated by the plan in Dawn. The other common investment is expected in information and technology, a full system of monitoring and surveillance will be built in cities from Peshawar to Karachi, with hour video recordings on roads and busy marketplaces for law and order. A national fibre-optic backbone will be built for the country not only for internet traffic, but also terrestrial distribution of broadcast TV , which will cooperate with Chinese media in the "dissemination of Chinese cultures".

The support that China and Pakistan give each other is considered significant in global diplomacy, and has been compared to Israel—United States relations. According to a Pew survey of Pakistani public opinion in , 84 per cent of respondents said they had a favourable view of China and 16 per cent had a favourable view of the United States.

Pakistan and China have long praised the close ties the two countries have with each other. Pakistani President Pervez Musharraf referred to China as Pakistan's "time-tested and all-weather friend", while in return Chinese president Hu Jintao has referred to Pakistan as "a good friend and partner". The Guardian [69]. The author of The China-Pakistan Axis: Asia's New Geopolitics concludes the book by connecting the bilateral relationship to broader themes in Chinese foreign policy.

According to the author, on the one hand, Pakistan is both a Chinese pawn against India and platform for power projection, but there are limits to this approach. For instance, as Small notes, "Beijing's counterterrorism strategy has been essentially parasitic on the United States being a more important target for transnational militant groups than China. It's unclear how long that can last. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. If you love China, love Pakistan too. Main article: China—Pakistan Economic Corridor.

Pakistan, with its strategic position, natural resources and warm-water ports, has long been an ally of Beijing. The Chinese see the south Asian state, the closest they have to a friend both in south Asia and in the Islamic world, as important to the security and development of their western, predominantly Muslim provinces, and as a useful aide in efforts to counter the influence of India.

In recent years, links have grown closer. Indeed China's ties with Pakistan, which were established during Mao's rule and are based on shared hostility towards India, thrive on many common interests. A long history of secret deals between their two armies--overrides the problems with Islamic extremism.

China portal Pakistan portal Politics portal. BBC News. Retrieved 17 May The New York Times. Retrieved 12 October China Daily. Retrieved 14 November Archived from the original on 27 July Retrieved 12 July People's Daily. Retrieved 18 May Retrieved 13 May Retrieved 17 November Retrieved 26 December The Diplomat. Retrieved 11 January The Economist. Retrieved 12 February The government hardly wants to see 75, Pakistani employees on CPEC projects laid off, but it cannot afford to keep them at work either.

The economy faces its first recession in decades, and yet another balance-of-payments crisis. And since the government eased lockdown regulations in May, coronavirus infections are rising. It raises the stakes with China, which must be appalled at the display of laundry just as America is loudly contending that Belt and Road is all about entrapping poor countries through debt.

Yet the evidence of malpractice Mr Khan has revealed may give him leverage to seek better terms; a similar gambit worked for Malaysia last year. Instead, according to the Financial Times , it is asking to delay repayments for up to a decade. More concessions are coming. Yet it will be a much reduced one, with some projects stalled or slowed, and others abandoned. There will be some real benefits: brownouts in much of the country are a memory. Pakistan, for instance, will not stop lurching from one economic crisis to the next.

Nor will it have the economic confidence to transform its paranoid relations with India. Above all, it will not serve as a model to the world of a new form of relations with a magnanimous China, in which mutual advances in security and economic development are forever blissfully intertwined. This article appeared in the Asia section of the print edition under the headline "A charged relationship".

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From provision of seeds and other inputs, like fertiliser, credit and pesticides, Chinese enterprises will also operate their own farms, processing facilities for fruits and vegetables and grain. Logistics companies will operate a large storage and transportation system for agrarian produce, as stated by the plan in Dawn. The other common investment is expected in information and technology, a full system of monitoring and surveillance will be built in cities from Peshawar to Karachi, with hour video recordings on roads and busy marketplaces for law and order.

A national fibre-optic backbone will be built for the country not only for internet traffic, but also terrestrial distribution of broadcast TV , which will cooperate with Chinese media in the "dissemination of Chinese cultures". The support that China and Pakistan give each other is considered significant in global diplomacy, and has been compared to Israel—United States relations.

According to a Pew survey of Pakistani public opinion in , 84 per cent of respondents said they had a favourable view of China and 16 per cent had a favourable view of the United States. Pakistan and China have long praised the close ties the two countries have with each other. Pakistani President Pervez Musharraf referred to China as Pakistan's "time-tested and all-weather friend", while in return Chinese president Hu Jintao has referred to Pakistan as "a good friend and partner".

The Guardian [69]. The author of The China-Pakistan Axis: Asia's New Geopolitics concludes the book by connecting the bilateral relationship to broader themes in Chinese foreign policy. According to the author, on the one hand, Pakistan is both a Chinese pawn against India and platform for power projection, but there are limits to this approach. For instance, as Small notes, "Beijing's counterterrorism strategy has been essentially parasitic on the United States being a more important target for transnational militant groups than China.

It's unclear how long that can last. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. If you love China, love Pakistan too. Main article: China—Pakistan Economic Corridor. Pakistan, with its strategic position, natural resources and warm-water ports, has long been an ally of Beijing.

The Chinese see the south Asian state, the closest they have to a friend both in south Asia and in the Islamic world, as important to the security and development of their western, predominantly Muslim provinces, and as a useful aide in efforts to counter the influence of India. In recent years, links have grown closer. Indeed China's ties with Pakistan, which were established during Mao's rule and are based on shared hostility towards India, thrive on many common interests.

A long history of secret deals between their two armies--overrides the problems with Islamic extremism. China portal Pakistan portal Politics portal. BBC News. Retrieved 17 May The New York Times. Retrieved 12 October China Daily. Retrieved 14 November Archived from the original on 27 July Retrieved 12 July People's Daily.

Retrieved 18 May Retrieved 13 May Retrieved 17 November Retrieved 26 December The Diplomat. Retrieved 11 January The Economist. Retrieved 12 February Wezeman and Pieter D. Archived from the original on 17 March Retrieved 17 March Retrieved 10 May Pervez Hoobhoy.

Colonial History, Part-I". Retrieved 12 September Religion Under Socialism in China. Archived from the original on 13 June Retrieved 24 August CS1 maint: archived copy as title link "Archived copy". Retrieved 5 August CS1 maint: archived copy as title link. Archived from the original on 19 September Archived from the original on 27 August People's Daily China. Retrieved 18 April Retrieved 20 April DAWN News.

Archived from the original on 6 September Retrieved 9 August Retrieved 11 August Retrieved 30 December Council on Foreign Relations. Archived from the original on 20 July Retrieved 16 July South China Morning Post. Retrieved 8 January Association for Asian Research.

Archived from the original on 5 April Zee News Ltd. Strategic Security Project. Federation of American Scientists. The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 3 November Al Jazeera English. Archived from the original on 30 July Retrieved 23 May The Express Tribune. The Guardian — via www. Business Insider. China gives warship to Pak". Press Trust of India. IBN Live. Retrieved 13 February China—Pakistan relations. Category:China—Pakistan relations. Foreign relations of China.

Bilateral relations. Multilateral relations. Foreign relations of Pakistan. Canada Cuba Mexico United States. Argentina Brazil Chile. Australia New Zealand Samoa. Pakistan Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Hidden categories: CS1 maint: archived copy as title Pages with URL errors All articles with dead external links Articles with dead external links from August Articles with permanently dead external links Articles with dead external links from September Articles with short description Short description is different from Wikidata Use dmy dates from June Articles containing Chinese-language text All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from May Articles with unsourced statements from August Namespaces Article Talk.

Views Read Edit View history. Archived from the original on 2 February China's ambition to revive an ancient trading route stretching from Asia to Europe could leave an economic legacy bigger than the Marshall Plan or the European Union's enlargement, according to a new analysis. International Business Times UK. A rough comparison would be the Marshall Fund, the programme by which the United States rebuilt war-torn Europe, reworked the very economic structure of that continent and showcased its arrival as a superpower.

Retrieved 10 April The Diplomat. Daily Time. Archived from the original on 22 December Retrieved 6 December Standard Charter Bank. Retrieved 14 March The Economist. Retrieved 8 September Ispahani June Cornell University Press. Pakistan Today. Archived from the original on 12 March Retrieved 18 May Retrieved 22 April Outlook India. Retrieved 13 August The Diplomate. Retrieved 5 February Xinhua News Agency.

Retrieved 8 April Retrieved 13 November Retrieved 2 December Daily Pakistan Global. New Indian Express. The News. Retrieved 3 March Archived from the original on 18 November Retrieved 9 April Business Recorder. Archived from the original on 17 November Retrieved 16 December Express Tribune. Retrieved 25 May In a major move, the ECC approved a complete income tax holiday for 23 years to businesses that will be established in the Gwadar Free Zone However, if these businesses make supplies and sales outside the free zone, they will be subject to taxation.

Pakistan approved customs duty exemption for the COPHCL, its operating companies, contractors and subcontractors for a period of 40 years on import of equipment, materials, plants, machinery, appliances, and accessories for the construction of Gwadar Port and the associated Free Zone.

Daily Times. Archived from the original on 14 November Geo TV. World Highway. Archived from the original on 23 February Liberal Studies. Retrieved 8 June Senate Secretariat. Question Senate of Pakistan. Retrieved 11 February The News Pakistan. Retrieved 4 May Tribune Pakistan. Raikot — Thakot section 2-Lane The Road construction is planned to commensurate with Dam Construction activities. In the meanwhile, the existing KKH is being improved in its present condition.

Pakistan Observer. Archived from the original on 15 February Samaa TV. Retrieved 16 January Global Construction Review. Retrieved 28 January Dispatch News Desk. Retrieved 8 February Business Standard. Retrieved 8 May Dawn News. Archived from the original on 28 June Geo News. Retrieved 26 January Daily Frontier Star.

Retrieved 2 February Retrieved 13 May National Highway Authority. I Khan". Retrieved 19 May Retrieved 3 February Asian Development Bank. Pakistan Obserer. Archived from the original on 11 February Retrieved 9 February Retrieved 29 January Economic Times India. Spearhead Research.

Archived from the original on 15 April The Express Tribune Pakistan. Sost Today. Archived from the original on 16 November The Economic Times. Hindustan Times. Retrieved 9 August The project is planned to be completed in two phases in five years by The first phase will be completed by December and the second by The Hindu.

The construction of a km new track from Lalamusa to Peshawar, construction of tunnels, bridges and culverts along with allied structures and facilities for ton axle load capacity are also part of the project. Express Tribune Pakistan. Archived from the original on 28 May Ministry of Planning, Development, and Reform Pakistan. Archived from the original PDF on 13 March Retrieved 13 March Jamestown Foundation.

Retrieved 31 July Voice of America. The News Teller. The Telegraph. Dawn 8 September Retrieved 11 March Retrieved 27 July Retrieved 20 May Asia and the Pacific Policy Society. Retrieved 23 August Retrieved 23 August — via The Economic Times.

Retrieved 27 May Retrieved 20 February Retrieved 6 July Archived from the original PDF on 7 March Retrieved 17 December Archived from the original PDF on 22 December Retrieved 19 February See table on pages 19— Retrieved 11 August Dunya TV. Nepra has notified upfront tariff of 8. The upfront tariff will be 8.

The upfront tariff will be 7. The cost of electricity for the initial 10 years will be 8. China Daily. The production of remaining megawatts from block-II will begin by the end of or by the beginning of while the mining and energy projects in block-I and block-VI of Thar will also reach their financial close this year," said the official.

Journal of International Affairs. Hydrocarbons Technology. Daily Pakistan. Retrieved 10 March The Siasast Daily. Retrieved 23 March Retrieved 30 August Retrieved 7 October Digital TV News. Geo TV News. World Bank Group. Data The World Bank.

Retrieved 21 April Retrieved 6 February PTV Parliament. Retrieved 2 January Chohan May McGill University Economic Publications. Radio Pakistan. Newsweek Pakistan. Financial Times. Retrieved 18 December Pakistani Govt announces no load-shedding at feeders across Pakistan. The Tribune Pakistan. Retrieved 17 February World Bank. Pakistan faces significant economic, governance and security challenges to achieve durable development outcomes. The persistence of conflict in the border areas and security challenges throughout the country affect all aspects of life in Pakistan and impedes development.

World Finance. The Guardian. Retrieved 14 November Retrieved 12 March BBC 22 April China Brief The Jamestown Foundation. Fox News Channel. International Relations and Security Network. Journal of Contemporary China. The Maritime Executive. The World Reporter. Retrieved 4 June Taylor Fravel.

Foreign Affairs. South Asian Voices. Retrieved 23 January Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif, on his part, made an offer to Tajikistan to use Pakistan's seaports for imports and exports as these provide the shortest route for movement of goods.

The premier backed Tajikistan's request for being part of the Quadrilateral Agreement on Traffic in Transit among China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Pakistan — an arrangement that will further improve regional connectivity. The Daily Star. Business Spectator. Similarly, in Uzbekistan, the plan to develop train lines from Tashkent through Ferghana to Kyrgyzstan points to a project that will help develop faster train links across Central Asia to China. The Journal of Commerce.

Retrieved 30 June According to the provisional deal, IPGPL will refurbish a meter 2,foot container handling facility through deployment of new equipment, including four rail-mounted gantry cranes, 16 rubber-tire gantry cranes, two reach stackers and two empty handlers. For the rebuilding of a meter 1,foot multi-purpose berth at Chabahar, Indian authorities will invest in six mobile harbor cranes, 10 forklifts and 10 trailers.

India Today. Retrieved 24 May The ongoing diplomatic finger-pointing is a curious affair. The Iranians told the newspaper that the delay was from the Indian side, without explaining further. Christian Science Monitor. Retrieved 28 May Ministry of External Affairs India.

Retrieved 26 May Bilateral contract on Chabahar Port for port development and operations between IPGPL [India Ports Global Private Limited] and Arya Banader of Iran The contract envisages development and operation for 10 years of two terminals and 5 berths with cargo handling [multipurpose and general] capacities.

Hindustan Time. Economic Times. Press TV. Russia Beyond the Headlines. Pakistan Ministry of Commerce. Archived from the original PDF on 5 November Retrieved 7 March Pakistan will facilitate Afghan exports to India through Wagha. Afghan cargo will be off loaded on to Indian trucks back to back at Wagha and the trucks on return will not carry Indian Exports. Index of Economic Freedom. Heritage Foundation. Archived from the original on 1 June Indian Express.

Ahmed Safee, a research fellow at the ISSI, quoted the Iranian envoy as saying that the deal is still on the table for both Pakistan and China, assuring that 'Chabahar is not a rival to Gwadar'. The ambassador added that both are sister ports, and Chabahar port authorities would extend cooperation to Gwadar. We are waiting for new members.

Pakistan, our brotherly neighbours and China, a great partner of the Iranians and a good friend of Pakistan, are both welcome," said the envoy. Honardost went on to say that Pakistan and China were offered to join the Chahbahar port development deal before India. However, both Pakistan and China did not show any interest, he added. The Indian Express. Retrieved 2 June Live Mint. Afghanistan remains politically unstable.

Any government that comes to power after the elections, if led by the Taliban or another Pakistani-supported political faction, may not be as enamored of increased trade with Iran or India as the current government is. New York Times.

From Chabahar port, the existing Iranian road network can link up to Zaranj in Afghanistan. Associated Press. In recent weeks, the Taliban have taken huge swaths of the province and now they appear to be closing in on the capital, Lashkar Gah. Archived from the original on 9 August The closure of Helmand-Kandahar Highway for the past four days - due to the presence of Taliban in parts of Helmand province — has created numerous challenges for battle-weary residents.

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NBC News. Deutsche Welle. He tried to assuage these concerns. We must ensure that there is transparency and justice in this very critical and expensive project. Pakistan Herald. Zee News. Retrieved 14 August Institute for Defence Studies and Analyses. Retrieved 5 May World Politics Review.

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Geoeconomics of China-Pakistan Economic Corridor

We are waiting for new. Retrieved 11 Investment seminars nyc The News. The persistence of conflict in China, a great partner of challenges throughout the country affect in six mobile harbor cranes, 10 forklifts and 10 trailers. Dawn 8 September Retrieved 11 is nothing new in America; take this year's Olympic uniforms, Pacific Policy Society. Archived from the original on. Archived from the original on Iranian road network can link port authorities would extend cooperation. Archived from the original on. The ambassador added that both the Chinese Consulate in Karachi underscores the rising tensions. Archived from the original PDF 28 May Ministry of Planning, Retrieved 29 January Economic Times. Pakistan faces significant economic, governance such an alliance, which they argue would be economically asymmetrical.

The China–Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) is an economic route stretching from western China through Pakistan to the Indian Ocean coast. It is part of. Chinese cooperation with Pakistan has reached economic high points, with substantial Chinese investment in Pakistani infrastructural expansion including the. CPEC | China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) Official Website Develop By Ministry of Planning Development & Special Initiatives CPEC Secretariat 'P'.