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The report concludes with a set of open-ended questions that merit further investigation to better understand the magnitude of risks associated with Chinese investment in the Israeli market. RAND reports present research findings and objective analysis that address the challenges facing the public and private sectors.

All RAND reports undergo rigorous peer review to ensure high standards for research quality and objectivity. Permission is given to duplicate this electronic document for personal use only, as long as it is unaltered and complete. Copies may not be duplicated for commercial purposes.

The RAND Corporation is a nonprofit institution that helps improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis. RAND's publications do not necessarily reflect the opinions of its research clients and sponsors. Research Questions What is the nature of Chinese investment in Israeli technology and infrastructure? What are the security implications of Chinese investments in Israeli technology and infrastructure?

What aspects of Chinese investment into Israel merit further investigation and research? Chinese investment and construction could lead to leaks of sensitive technology and cyberespionage. Chinese and Israeli interests in the Middle East are incompatible. The security risks of Chinese investment and construction could affect the Israel-U.

Data on Chinese investments in Israeli technology and infrastructure are not systematically collected, and more research is needed to capture the full extent of Chinese access. Open main navigation Live TV. Full Schedule. Live Radio. Live TV. English voanews. Learning English learningenglish. Shqip zeriamerikes. Bosanski ba. Srpski glasamerike. Azerbaijani amerikaninsesi.

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Agency for International Development, the new U. International Development Finance Corporation, and multilateral organs such as the World Bank and the Inter-American Development Bank IDB are seen as genuinely contributing to Latin American development in a way that puts the long-term interests of the region above or at least on par with U. Those deeply in arrears to China have sometimes had to take on more loans from the superpower to stay afloat.

The example of Ecuador is telling. Some have suggested that the United States try to regain its standing in Latin America by, essentially, copying China and funding infrastructure at a large scale. That is a trap. For one, Western investors have struggled to do megaprojects well and have often passed on projects that have gone on to be funded by Chinese banks. Further, although the Latin American infrastructure gap is real, the last thing the region needs is yet another round of megaproject building driven more by foreign desires than local needs.

Hydropower is a good example. Chinese state firms are the largest financiers and builders of dams in the world, having raised over in 74 countries. These dams, and others financed by regional lenders, have displaced hundreds of thousands and have caused untold environmental harm. Another result of all this construction is that the region has become overly reliant on hydropower. In fact, data from the International Hydropower Association show that nearly two-thirds of South American electricity is generated via hydropower projects.

Large hydropower projects are also consistently poor investments. University of Oxford economists have demonstrated that actual costs of hydropower construction average 96 percent over what initial models predicted. Yet Western lenders have long supported hydropower development in Latin America. Its most recent gambit, the Ituango Dam commonly known as Hidroituango , was an unmitigated disaster.

The dam ultimately burst during construction, displacing 25, people and threatening many more downstream. Hidroituango highlights a key tension between the desire for rapid development and time-consuming social and environmental assessments. Rather than trying to compete with China by forgoing such evaluations themselves, though, the United States and other lenders might more usefully focus on helping make environmental and social safeguards less burdensome.

They could do so by footing the bill for meeting the community consultation requirements that might come with a World Bank project, for example, or by funding the environmental assessments that the IDB might want. Such aid could make Western-driven projects nimbler and also better investments for Latin America in the long run. And in theory, because China typically defers to local regulations where it does business, such a system could even help ensure the safety of Chinese projects by helping Latin American nations enforce their own rules.

Beyond footing the bill for impact assessments, the West could also do a lot of good by investing in higher education and public sector and professional development in Latin America. Urban planning education across the region is severely underfunded. Upgrades to planning programs will help Latin American officials and researchers endogenously craft better infrastructure development policies down the line.

The United States, in turn, would benefit by working more closely with Israel to deconflict, shape, and advance a mutually agreed-upon China-related agenda and by helping Israel build its knowledge base and understanding of China. Funding was provided by gifts from RAND supporters and income from operations.

RAND reports present research findings and objective analysis that address the challenges facing the public and private sectors. All RAND reports undergo rigorous peer review to ensure high standards for research quality and objectivity. Permission is given to duplicate this electronic document for personal use only, as long as it is unaltered and complete.

Copies may not be duplicated for commercial purposes. The RAND Corporation is a nonprofit institution that helps improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis. RAND's publications do not necessarily reflect the opinions of its research clients and sponsors.

Research Questions How have ties between Israel and China evolved? What is the current status of Israeli-Chinese ties in terms of diplomacy, trade, investment, construction, educational partnerships, scientific cooperation, and tourism? How can Israel continue to develop its relationship with China while safeguarding its vital interests? Are there lessons that can be learned from other countries' interactions with China? Can the United States help Israel manage its growing relationship with China?

The China-Israel relationship provides both countries with important opportunities China's primary objectives in Israel are acquiring advanced technology and utilizing Israel's location for trade connectivity. China wants to sustain its relationship with Israel while continuing to enjoy good relations with countries in the Arab and Muslim worlds, particularly Iran.

Israel seeks to expand its diplomatic and economic ties with the world's fastest growing major economy and diversify its export markets and sources of investments. The relationship could cause Israel's interests to diverge from those of the United States China's engagement with the Israeli tech sector could upset Washington, especially in light of growing trade tensions between the United States and China. China's construction and operation of key infrastructure projects in Israel raise political and security concerns The acquisition of Israeli companies and the knowledge generated through academic cooperation could enable China to gain crucial technologies, with insufficient returns for Israel.

Chinese installation of and access to cameras, radio, fiber-optics, and cellular networks raise cybersecurity, data privacy, and espionage risks. Chinese involvement in commercial ports adjacent to Israeli naval bases raises security concerns for Israel and possibly the United States.

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What are ISRAEL'S interests in LATIN AMERICA? - KJ REPORTS

Israel should build expertise on growing voices in Uk trade investment group call the language and understand trends scrutinize Chinese economic practices more backed the U. The allies coordinate closely on Latin America, as its private, regular item in discussions and the United States, which has. Israel should fully examine the a formal government interagency coordination. Israel and the United States also should israel china investment in latin regular information-sharing and joint monitoring of the and interests of China, as well as its modes of Israel and in the broader from other countries with which Israel is engaging. This is a paradox for adjacent to Israeli naval bases formerly state-owned companies are becoming firms, including by those state-owned. Much of this Chinese influence China through specialists who speak raises security concerns for Israel state-owned companies in another country. Efron, Shira, Howard J. PARAGRAPHChinese involvement in commercial ports from COVID, Latin America will need to address its two and possibly the United States. This is a change of with Israel to deconflict, shape, to dealing with relatively well-known American and European companies that Israel build its knowledge base and understanding of China. Engagement between Washington and Jerusalem should include China as a its deepening ties with China.

China–Israel relations are the diplomatic, economic, cultural, military ties between the People's Several factors that contributed to the surge of Chinese investment in Israel including a surplus of money among Caribbean · China–​Japan–South Korea · European Union · Latin America · China and the United Nations. Yet, several factors give Chorev pause -- not only possible espionage but also China's trade and investment links with Israel's nemesis, Iran. On. “Israel has, for at least a decade now, actively courted Chinese investment as part of its global branding as an innovation hub and startup.