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What lux values are sufficient for work and study places so that places are appropriately lit without wasting too much electricity? Buildings What are the strengths and weaknesses of different sustainable building standards? What are the costs and benefits associated with different types of green roofs? On which buildings could green roofs be installed? This argument effectively stalled this project. Green buildings, solar power plants all are currently very expensive; how justified is their implementation when it is more necessary to feed a hungry population?

Can a poor person be forced to purchase new fuel efficient kitchen equipment when he barely makes his ends meet? There are umpteen ethical issues that spring up and are mostly related to cost versus survival questions. Prices of green technologies will go down in the future, but the basic problem is that their prices will go down once we make the initial investment but doing the initial investment is definitely not easy.

This is a vicious circle and is perhaps the biggest difficulty in implementation of green technologies. Other possible negative effects of green technologies : Today the world has become a very complicated intertwined structure; a small change somewhere can induce an extremely large change somewhere else.

Today solar panels are being manufactured at a prolific rate, however it is not certain what will happen to the panels once they finish their life cycle. Many solar panels contain toxic matter which can be dangerous; this problem will surface after two decades if we are not prepared by then.

The biogas plants also can create a problem as till now they have limited usage but as their use increases people might start using specific chemicals congaing heavy metals known to enhance the output of the plant. Since the slurry from the plant is used as manure, it can end up in degrading the soil. Bio- mass gasifier is another such technology which uses wood to produce producer gas; it effectively burns wood at high efficiency with minimum harmful emissions; but since it consumes wood at a high rate, rapid spread of such a technology can cause deforestation.

Similarly if bio-diesel is used extensively people might stop producing crops and start growing producing fuel crops e. Jetropha instead, effectively starving the world in the process. We might end up seeing many effects that we can not think as of now because we still have not experienced green technologies in a big way. We can not say for certain that green technologies will be good for us in all ways in distant future, but one thing is for certain that we will be risking the fate of the mankind if we do not adopt them in the present.

Today green technologies are the need of the hour without any doubt as they are most appropriate to our current world needs. Having discussed green technologies in depth we can now discuss the issue of appropriate technologies of which green technologies form a part and issues on responsibility of humans to use them. Appropriate technology is technology that is appropriate to the environmental, cultural and economic situation it is intended for.

But those companies are probably the exception. How could the impact be reduced? What the free-lunch brigade wants to hear, however, is that environmental rules actually persuade companies to take actions that are in their commercial interest but that they had not previously noticed.

Enlightened companies have exhausted many of the relatively easy energy, waste, and resource-efficiency options. Consumers are demanding more environmentally friendly products and are willing to pay that extra bit to protect the environment. According to the rewards of green businesses, one can find from African rewards until American awards.

Only in that case can we ensure that everyone has access to clean water, air and food. How could those be applied? Daniel C. It will also indicate the effort being made in designing structure that are environment friendly. They will be implementing a strategy to make the company go completely carbon neutral and green technology thesis essay starting a green business green technology thesis essay program for their employees.

It usually describes technologies which are suitable for use in the developing nations however the term is equally applicable to developed nations. Appropriate technology works from the bottom up; it is not just an overlay to the situation; it is a genuine grassroot solution to economic needs. As sensible human beings it is but logical to use appropriate technologies to our advantage. Appropriate technologies aim at sustainable development. It is a way of fulfilling our duty as humans which is to take care of what we have and pass on what is the best to our posterity.

Nature has bestowed us with intelligence but with this power come responsibility. We need to develop to move forward and for that we need to consume natural resources, but our quest for prosperity must be backed by an unflinching commitment to sustainability and the principle of precaution, we need to ensure pro-active protection of the environment and careful management of its diversity. Our acts should reflect our duties and we should contribute in a positive way to the betterment of the world with an understanding that smallest of contributions count.

I should personally contribute by doing what I know is right, and applying the technologies which I know are good for myself, the society and humanity. In order to get rid of these problems, Green Technology is introduces to recover the Earth back to a healthy state. Green Technology is a new. Green technologies convey various advantages in construction. As constructer continue to push earlier architectural borders, regularly incorporating exciting.

I should use the right technology in the right place which by definition is the appropriate technology. My message to the society should be to take whatever we have inherited from our past and analyse that. Whatever we find is sustainable, helpful to individual and society in particular and humanity in general should be continued and improved. We all are the part of the same ecosystem.

Wrong practices carried by anyone will affect everyone in the long run. To prove this point we just need to see the effects of climate change. We should use and do what is appropriate to our locality with the global effect in mind. Thus we should use appropriate technologies which are concentrated on using and creating goods and following practises that are appropriate to the local needs and on using local resources to fulfil them.

In this way we can better measure and control our effect on the environment and in consequence its effect on us. Society should spend time on thinking about what is the best practice for itself and all and should not unquestioningly follow prevalent or most popular practices. What might be appropriate technology for a particular situation might not be so in the other situations.

A wave of companies both large and small is using success in business to achieve social and environmental change. These emerging business models seek to preserve environmental quality, promote social equity, and stimulate sustainable economic growth. As someone thinking of starting a small business, starting a green business has two advantages over starting any other kind of business.

First, environmentalism is still growing so you will be starting a business targeting a growing market. Second, starting a green business can be particularly satisfying as you get to make your own contribution to making the world a better place. Businesses in the emerging green economy are as diverse as the people who start them. This guide focuses on only a handful of the countless opportunities in the marketplace New entrepreneurs are not wasting any time crafting a future that looks a lot brighterone where small businesses provide products, services, training programs, and living wage jobs that preserve the environment and lift people out of poverty.

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By deleting your first paragraph outright, you allow the reader to jump right into the meat of your story and become instantly engaged. Do you, as a seasoned admissions officer, believe that the same student wrote both of these essays? Admissions officers will not be fooled, and they expect students to submit genuine examples of their own work that are factually true and honestly presented. If they have reason to believe that a student broke the ethical rules set forth by the Common Application or any other application platform , the consequences could be significant.

I almost liken it to a game of Mad Libs, where the student has a formulaic essay that ultimately becomes peppered with small and often meaningless examples that poorly demonstrate why they are supposedly interested in that college. If students want to make a positive impression and express authentic enthusiasm for the school, they should dig much deeper. Bring that positive attitude to the process, and believe that most admission officers will enjoy reading your story.

In the case of applying to Bates, you will be one of many applicants, so the process is beyond your control in some ways. But in other ways, you have control. You control your writing, who you choose to write your recommendations and, by spring, which colleges you choose among the ones that accept your application. Regardless of your reasoning, we've put together a list of universities and colleges that do NOT require any supplemental essays in addition to the personal.

When the Common Application came along with the premise of making the college application process easier than the many individual. Have a fresh pair of eyes give you some feedback. Do not allow another to rewrite your essay, but edits and opinions from someone else are usually helpful. In your writing, avoid vocabulary that tries to sound overly sophisticated.

Admission officers are not impressed by the overuse of long vocabulary words found in thesauruses. Leadership can be demonstrated in many ways. Please share background on events or special circumstances that may have impacted your high school academic performance. While arguing a Dartmouth-related case before the U.

And yet, there are those who love it! Use one of these translations to introduce yourself. How might your course of study at Dartmouth prepare you to address it? What is elegant? What feeds the world? Cooks have ever been a genus irritabile; authors still more so: Malebranche was both: a dispute arose; the old father, warm already, became warmer; culinary and metaphysical irritations united to derange his liver: he took to his bed, and died.

Such is the common version of the story:' So the whole ear of Denmark is abused. The vanity of the man was too great for this; and he fell a sacrifice to the impetuosity of Irish youth, combined with his own absurd obstinacy. Leibnitz, being every way superior to Malebranche, one might, afortiori, have counted on his being murdered; which, however, was not the case. I believe he was nettled at this neglect, and felt himself insulted by the security in which he passed his days.

In no other way can I explain his conduct at the latter end of his life, when he chose to grow very avaricious, and. This was at Vienna, where he died; and letters are still in existence, describing the immeasurable anxiety which he entertained for his throat. Still his ambition, for being attempted at least, was so great, that he would not forego the danger. A late English pedagogue, of Birmingham manufacture, viz. Parr, took a more selfish course, under the same circumstances.

He had amassed a considerable quantity of gold and silver plate, which was for some time deposited in his bed-room at his parsonage house, Hatton. But growing every day more afraid of being murdered, which he knew that. But I have heard this greatly disputed; and it seems now,generally agreed, that one good horse-shoe is worth about 21 Spital sermons. As Leibnitz, though not murdered, may be said to have died, partly of the fear that he should be murdered, and partly of vexation that he was not, - Kant, on the other hand - who had no ambition in that way - had a narrower escape from a murderer than any man we read of, except Des Cartes.

So absurdly does fortune throw about her favors! The case is told, I think, in an anonymous life of this very great man. For health's sake, Kant imposed upon himself, at one time, a walk of six miles every day along a highroad.

This fact becoming known to a man who had his private reasons for committing murder, at the third. But for an accident, Kant was a dead man. However, on considerations of' morality,' it happened that the murderer preferred a little child, whom he saw playing in the road, to the old transcendentalist: this child he murdered; and thus it happened that Kant escaped.

Such is the German account of the matter; but my opinion is —that the murderer was an amateur, who felt how little would be gained to the cause of good taste by murdering an old, arid, and adust metaphysician; there was no room for display, as the man could not possibly look more like a mummy when dead, than he had done alive. Thus, gentlemen, I have traced the connection between philosophy and our art, until insensibly I find that I have wandered into our own era. This I shall not take any pains to characterize apart from that which preceded it, for, in fact,they have no distinct character.

The seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, together with so much of the nineteenth as we have yet seen, jointly compose the Augustan age of murder. The finest work of the seventeenth century is, unquestionably, the murder of Sir Edmondbury Godfrey, which has my entire approbation.

At the same time, it must be observed, that the quantity of murder was not great in this century, at least amongst our own artists; which, perhaps, is attributable to the want of enlightened patronage. Sint Mecenates, non deerunt, Flacce, Mllarones. Consulting Grant's' Observations on the Bills of Mortality,' 4th 4.

A small number this, gentlemen, to found an academy upon; and certainly, where the quantity is so small, we have a right to expect that the quality should be first. Perhaps it was; yet, still I am of opinion that the best artist in this century was not equal to the best in that which followed. For instance, however praiseworthy the case of Sir Edmondbury Godfrey may be and nobody can be more sensible of its merits than I am , still, I cannot consent to place it on a level with that of Mrs.

Ruscombe of Bristol, either as to originality of design, or boldness and breadth of style. This good lady's murder took place early in the reign of George II[. She lived in College Green, with a single maid-servant, neither of them having any pretension to the notice of history but what they derived from the great artist whose workmanship I am recording.

One fine morning, when all Bristol was alive and in motion, some suspicion arising, the neighbors forced an entrance into the house, and found Mrs. Ruscombe murdered in her bed-room, and the servant murdered on the stairs: this was at noon; and, not more than two hours before, both mistress and servant had been seen alive.

To the best of my remembrance, this was in ; upwards of sixty years, therefore, have now elapsed, and yet the artist is still undiscovered. The suspicions of posterity have settled upon two pretenders -a baker and a chimney-sweeper.

But posterity is. It was no obscure baker, gentlemen, or anonymous chimney-sweeper, be assured, that executed this work. I know who it was. Here there was a general buzz, which at length broke out into open applause; upon which the lecturer blushed, and went on with much earnestness. For Heaven's sake, gentlemen, do not mistake me; it was not I that did it.

I have not the vanity to think myself equal to any such achievement; be assured that you greatly overrate my poor talents; Mrs. Ruscombe's affair was far beyond my slender abilities. But I came to know who the artist was, from a celebrated surgeon, who assisted at his dissection. This gentleman had a private museum in the way of his profession, one corner of which was occupied by a cast from a man of remarkably fine proportions.

At the time of his execution for highway robbery, I was studying under Cruickshank: and the man's figure was so uncommonly fine, that no money or exertion was spared to get into possession of him with the least possible delay. By the connivance of the under-sheriff he was cut down within the legal time, and instantly put into a chaise and four; so that, when he reached Cruickshank's he was positively not dead.

Ruscombe's affair. One was, the fact of his absence for a whole fortnight at the period of that murder: the other, that, within a very little time after, the neighborhood of this highwayman was deluged with dollars: now Mrs. Ruscombe was known to have hoarded about two thousand of that coin. Be the artist, however, who he might, the affair remains a durable monument of his genius; for such was the impression of awe, and the sense of power left behind, by the strength of conception manifested in this murder, that no tenant as I was told in had been found up to that time for Mrs.

Ruscombe's house. But, whilst I thus eulogize the Ruscombian case, let me not be supposed to overlook the many other specimens of extraordinary merit spread over the face of this century. Such cases, indeed, as that of Miss Bland, or of Captain Donnellan, and Sir Theophilus Boughton, shall never have any countenance from me.

Fie on these dealers in poison, say I: can they not keep to the old honest way of cutting throats, without introducing such abominable innovations from Italy? I consider all these poisoning cases, compared with the. But, dismissing these, there remain many excellent works of art in a pure style, such as nobody need be ashamed to own, as every candid connoisseur will admit.

Candid, observe, I say; for great allowances must be made in these cases; no artist can ever be sure of carrying through his own fine preconception. Awkward disturbances will arise; people will not submit to have their throats cut quietly; they will run, they will kick, they will bite; and whilst the portrait painter often has to complain of too much torpor in his subject, the artist, in our line, is generally embarrassed by too much animation.

At the same time, however disagreeable to the artist, this tendency in murder to excite and irritate the subject, is certainly one of its advantages to the world in general, which we ought not to overlook, since it favors the development of latent talent. Jeremy Taylor notices with admiration, the extraordinary leaps which people will take under the influence of fear. There was a striking instance of this in the recent case of the M'Keands; the boy cleared a height, such as he will never clear again to his dying day.

Talents also of the most brilliant description for thumping, and indeed for all the gymnastic exercises, have sometimes been developed by the panic which accompanies our artists; talents else buried and hid under a bushel to the possessors, as much as to their friends.

I remember an interesting illustration of this fact, in a case which I learned in Germany. Riding one day in the neighborhood of Munich, I. This gentleman informed me that, finding himself wearied with the frigid pleasures so he called them of mere amateurship, he had quitted England for the continent — meaning to practise a little professionally.

For this purpose he resorted to Germany, conceiving the police in that part of Europe to be more heavy and drowsy than elsewhere. His debut, as a practitioner, took place at Mannheim; and, knowing me to be a brother amateur, he freely communicated the whole of his maiden adventure. Whether it were his great expanse of chalky face, or what else, I know not - but the fact was, I " fancied" him, and resolved to commence business upon his throat, which, by the way, he always carried bare - a fashion which is very irritating to my desires.

Precisely at eight o'clock in the evening, I observed that he regularly shut up his windows. One night I watched him when thus engaged - bolted in after him - locked the door- and, addressing him with great suavity, acquainted him with the nature of my errand; at the same time advising him to make no resistance, which would be mutually unpleasant.

So saying, I drew out my tools; and was proceeding to operate. But at this spectacle, the baker, who seemed to have been struck by catalepsy at my first announce, awoke into tremendous agitation. But no. The veryoidea of his boxing struck me as ludicrous. It is true, a London baker had distinguished himself in the ring, and became known to fame under the title of the Master of the Rolls; but he was young and unspoiled: whereas, this man was a monstrous feather-bed in person, fifty years old, and totally out of condition.

Spite of all this, however, and contending against me, who am a master in the art, he made so desperate a defence, that many times I feared he might turn the tables upon me; and that I, an amateur, might be murdered by a rascally baker. What a situation! Minds of sensibility will sympathize with my anxiety. How severe it was, you may understand, by this, that for the first thirteen rounds the baker had the advantage. Round the fourteinth, I received a blow on the right eye, which closed it up; in the end, I believe, this was my salvation; for the anger it roused in me was so great, that, in this, and every one of the three following rounds I floored the baker.

The baker came up piping, and manifestly the worse for wear. His geometrical exploits in the four last rounds had done him no good. However, he showed some skill in stopping a message which I was sending to his cadaverous mug; in delivering which, my foot slipped, and I went down. Surveying the baker, I became ashamed of having been so much bothered by a shapeless mass of dough; and I went in fiercely, and administered some severe punishment.

A rally took place - both went down - baker undermost - ten to three on amateur. The baker jumped up with surprising agility i indeed, he managed his pins capitally, and fought wonderfully, considering that he was drenched in perspiration; but the shine was now taken out of him, and his game was the mere effect of panic. It was now clear that he could not last much longer. In the course of this round we tried the weaving system, in which I had greatly the advantage, and hit him repeatedly on the conk.

My reason for this was, that his conk was covered with carbuncles; and I thought I should vex him by taking such liberties with his conk, which in fact I did. Seeing how matters stood, in round twenty-fourth I whispered something into his ear, which sent him down like a shot. It was nothing more than my private opinion of the value of his throat at an annuity office.

This liftle confidential whisper affected him greatly; the very perspiration was frozen on his face, and for the next two rounds I had it all my own way. And when I called time for the twenty-seventh round, he lay like a log on the floor. Now, for the life of me, I could not see that; for, on the contrary, to my mind it appeared that he had taken two stones to kill one bird, having been obliged to take the conceit out of him first with his fist, and then with his tools. But no matter for his logic.

The moral of his story was good, for it showed what an astonishing stimulus to latent talent is contained in any reasonable prospect of being murdered. A pursy, unwieldy, half cataleptic baker of Mannheim had absolutely fought six-and-twenty rounds with an accomplished English boxer merely upon this inspiration; so greatly was natural genius exalted and sublimed by the genial presence of his murderer.

Really, gentlemen, when one hears of such things as these, it becomes a duty, perhaps, a little to soften that extreme asperity with which most men speak of murder. To hear people talk, you would suppose that all the disadvantages and inconveniences were on the side of being murdered, and that there were none at all in not being murdered. But considerate men think otherwise. He declares it to be one of.

No sort of knowledge being rarer than this, surely that man must be a most philanthropic character, who undertakes to instruct people in this branch of knowledge gratis, and at no little hazard to himself. All this, however, I throw out only in the way of speculation to future moralists; declaring in the meantime my own private conviction, that very few men commit murder upon philanthropic or patriotic- principles, and repeating what I have already said once at least - that, as to the majority of murderers, they are very incorrect characters.

With respect to Williams's murders, the sublimest and most entire in their excellence that ever were committed, I shall not allow myself to speak incidentally. Nothing less than an entire lecture, or even an entire course of lectures, would suffice to expound their merits. But one curious fact, connected with his case, I shall mention, because it seems to imply that the blaze of his genius absolutely dazzled the eye of criminal justice.

You all remember, I doubt not, that the instruments with which he executed his first great work, the murder of the Marrs, were a ship-carpenter's mallet and a knife. Now the mallet belonged to an old Swede, one John Peterson, and bore his initials. This instrument Williams left behind him, in Marr's house, and it fell into the hands of the magistrates. Now, gentlemen, it is a fact that the publication of this circumstance of Be initials-led immediately to the apprehension of Williams, and, if made earlier, would have prevented his second great work, the.

But the magistrates kept back this fact from the public for the entire twelve days, and until that second work was accomplished. That finished, they published it, apparently feeling that Williams had now done enough for his fame, and that his glory was at length placed beyond the reach of accident.

As to Mr. Thurtell's case, I know not what to say. Naturally, I have every disposition to think highly of my predecessor in the chair of this society; and I acknowledge that his lectures were unexceptionable. But speaking ingenuously, I do really think that his principal performance, as an artist, has been much overrated.

I admit that at first I was myself carried away by the general enthusiasm. On the morning when the murder was made known in London, there was the fullest meeting of amateurs that I have ever known since the days of Williams; old bed-ridden connoisseurs, who had got into a peevish way of sneering and complaining' that there was nothing doing,' now hobbled down to our club-room: such hilarity, such benign expression of general satisfaction, I have rarely witnessed.

On every side you saw people shaking hands, congratulating each other, and forming dinner parties for the evening; and nothing was to be heard but triumphant challenges of -' Well! S -, that laudator temporis acti, stumping along with his wooden leg; he entered the room with his. Besides, his style is as hard as Albert Durer, and as coarse as Fuseli. The fact is, he was a member of our society, which naturally gave a friendly bias to our judgments; and his person was universally familiar to the cockneys, which gave him, with the whole London public, a temporary popularity, that his pretensions are not capable of supporting; for opinionum commenta delet dies, naturce judicia confirmat.

There was, however, an unfinished design of Thurtell's for the murder of a man with a pair of dumb-bells, which I admired greatly; it was a mere outline, that he never completed; but to my mind it seemed every way superior to his chief work. I remember that there was great regret expressed by some amateurs that this sketch should have been left in an unfinished state: but there I cannot agree with them; for the fragments and first bold outlines of original artists have often a felicity about them which is apt to vanish in the management of the details.

The case of the M'Keands I consider far beyond the vaunted performance of Thurtell, - indeed above all praise; and bearing that relation, in fact, to the immortal works of Williams, which the iEneid bears to the Iliad. But the mind of sensibility requires something more. First, then, let us speak of the kind of person who is adapted to the purpose of the murderer; secondly, of the place where; thirdly, of the titne when, and other little circumstances.

As to the person, I suppose it is evident that he ought to be a good man; because, if he were not, he might himself, by possibility, be contemplating murder at the very time; and such' diamond-cut-diamond' tussles, though pleasant enough where nothing better is stirring, are really not what a critic can allow himself to call murders.

I could mention some people I name no names who have been murdered by other people in a dark lane; and so far all seemed correct enough; but, on looking farther into the matter, the public have become aware that the murdered party was himself, at the moment, planning to rob his murderer, at the least, and possibly to murder him, if he had been strong enough. Whenever that is the case, or may be thought to be the case, farewell to all the genuine effects of the art.

For the final purpose of murder, considered as a fine art, is precisely the same as that of tragedy, in Aristotle's account of it, viz. It is also evident that the person selected ought not,. For instance, no judicious artist would have attempted to murder Abraham Newland. For the case was this: everybody read so much about Abraham Newland, and so few people ever saw him, that there was a fixed belief that he was an abstract idea.

And I remember that once, when I happened to mention that I had dined at a coffee-house in company with Abraham Newland, everybody looked scornfully at me, as though I had pretended to have played at billiards with Prester John, or to have had an affair of honor with the Pope.

And, by the way, the Pope would be a very improper person to murder: for he has such a virtual ubiquity as the father of Christen. Where, indeed, a public character is in the habit of giving dinners,' with every delicacy of the season,' the case is very different: every person is satisfied that he is no abstract idea; and, therefore, there can be no impropriety in murdering him; only that his murder will fall into the class of assassinations, which I have not yet treated.

The subject chosen ought to be in good health: for it is absolutely barbarous to murder a sick person, who is usually quite unable to bear it. On this principle, no cockney ought to be chosen who is above twenty-five, for after that age he is sure to be dys. Or at least, if a man will hunt in that warren, lie ought to murder a couple at one time; if the cockneys chosen should be tailors, he will of course think it his duty, on the old established equation, to murder eighteen.

And, here, in this attention to the. The world in general, gentlemen, are very bloodyminded; and all they want in a murder is a copious effusion of blood; gaudy display in this point is enough for them. But the enlightened connoisseur is more refined in his taste; and from our art, as from all the other liberal arts when thoroughly cultivated, the result is - to improve and to humanize the heart; so true is it, tha:-' Ingenuas didicisse fideliter artes, Emollit mores, nec sinit esse feros.

And, undoubedly, this is a judicious caution. Yet I would not insist too keenly on this condition. Severe good taste unquestionably demands it; but still, where the man was otherwise unobjectionable in point of morals and health, I would not look with too curious a jealousy to a restriction which might have the effect of narrowing the artist's sphere.

So much for the person. As to the time, the place, and the tools, I have many things to say, which at present I have no room for. The good sense of the practitioner has usually directed him to night and privacy. Yet there have not been wanting cases where this rule was departed from with excellent effect. In respect to time, Mrs. Ruscombe's case is a beautiful exception, which I have already noticed;. The case I mean is that of a porter to one of the banks, who was murdered whilst carrying a bag of money, in broad daylight, on turning out of the High Street, one of the most public streets in Europe, and the murderer is to this hour undiscovered.

I never attempted any murder in my life, except in the year , upon the body of a tom-cat; and that turned out differently from my intention. My purpose, I own, was downright murder. But when I found him, he was in the act of plundering the pantry of bread and other things. Now this gave a new turn to the affair; for the time being one of general scarcity, when even Christians were reduced to the use of potato-bread, rice-bread, and all sorts of things, it was downright treason in a tom-cat to be wasting good wheaten-bread in the way he was doing.

It instantly became a patriotic duty to put him to death; and as I raised aloft and shook the glittering steel, I fancied myself rising. My ambition does not rise so high. No, gentlemen, in the words of Horace, I' - fungar vice cotis, acutum Reddere que ferrum valet, exsors ipsa secandi. Being so, I am sure that you will sympathize with my case. I am an ill-used man, Dr. North - particularly ill used; and, with your permission, I will briefly explain how.

A black scene of calumny will -be laid open; but you, Doctor, will make all things square again. One frown from you, directed to the proper quarter, or a warning shake of the crutch, will set me right in public opinion, which at present, I am sorry to say, is rather hostile to me and mine - all owing to the wicked arts of slanderers. But you shall hear. A good many years ago you may remember that I came forward in the character of a dilettante in murder.

Perhaps dilettante may be too strong a word. Connoisseur is better suited to the scruples and infirmity of public taste. I suppose there is no harm in that at least. A man is not bound to put his eyes, ears, and understanding into his breeches pocket when he meets with. If he is not in a downright comatose state, I suppose he must see that one murder is better or worse than another in point of good taste.

Murders have their little differences and shades of merit as well as statues, pictures, oratorios, cameos, intaglios, or what not. You may be angry with the man for talking too much, or too publicly, as to the too much, that I deny- a man can never cultivate his taste too highly; but you must allow him to think, at any rate; and you, Doctor, you think, I am sure, both deeply and correctly on the subject. Well, would you believe it? In particular, they said that I, or that the club, which comes to the same thing, had offered bounties on well conducted homicides — with a scale of drawbacks, in case of any one defect or flaw, according to a table issued to private friends.

Now, Doctor, I'll tell you the whole truth about the dinner and the club, and you'll see how malicious the world is. But first let me tell you, confidentially, what my real principles are upon the matters in question. As to murder, I never committed one in my life. It's a well known thing amongst all my friends. I can get a paper to certify as much, signed by lots of people. Indeed, if you come to that, I doubt whether many people could produce as strong a certificate.

Mine would. There is indeed one member of the club, who pretends to say that he caught me once making too free with his throat on a club night, after every body else had retired. But, observe, he shuffles in his story according to his state of civilation. When not far gone, he contents himself with saying that he caught me ogling his throat; and that I was melancholy for some weeks after, and that my voice sounded in a way expressing, to the nice ear of a connoisseur, the sense of opportunities lost - but the club all know that he's a disappointed man himself, and that he speaks querulously at times about the fatal neglect of a man's coming abroad without his tools.

Besides, all this is an affair between two amateurs, and every body makes allowances for little asperities and sorenesses in such a case. And that was the very point I wished to argue for your satisfaction. The truth is, I am a very particular man in everything relating to murder; and perhaps I carry my delicacy too far. The Stagyrite most justly, and possibly with a view to my case, placed virtue in the 65,LAov or middle point between two extremes.

A golden mean is certainly what every man should aim at. But it is easier talking than doing; and, my infirmity being notoriously too much milkiness of heart, I find it difficult to maintain that steady equatorial line between the two poles of too much murder on the one hand, and too little on the other.

I am too soft - Doctor, too soft; and people get excused through me - nay, go through life without an attempt made upon. I believe if I had the management of things, there would hardly be a murder from year's end to year's end. In fact I'm for virtue, and goodness, and all that sort of thing.

And two instances I'll give you to what an extremity I carry my virtue. The first may seem a trifle; but not if you knew my nephew, who was certainly born to be hanged, and would have been so long ago, but for my restraining voice. Ile is horribly ambitious, and thinks himself a man of cultivated taste in most branches of murder, whereas, in fact, he has not one idea on the subject, but such as he has stolen from me.

This is so- well known, that the club has twice blackballed him, tlhough every indulgence was shown to him as my relative. People came to me and said -' Now really, President, we would do much to serve a relative of yours. But still, what can be said? You know yourself that he'll disgrace us. If we were to elect him, why, the next thing we should hear of would be some vile- butcherly murder, by way of justifying our choice.

And what sort of a concern would it be? You know, as well as we do, that it would be a disgraceful affair, more worthy of the shambles than of an artist's attelier. He would fall upon some great big man, some huge farmer returning drunk from a fair. There would be plenty of blood, and that he would expect us to take in lieu of taste, finish, scenical grouping. Then, again, how would he tool? Why, most probably with a cleaver and a couple of paving stones: so that the whole coup d'wcil would remind you rather of some hideous ogre or cyclops, than of the delicate operator of the nineteenth century.

The next morning I spoke to my nephew - I was delicately situated, as you see, but I determined that no consideration should induce me to flinch from my duty. Pushed on by ambition, you are dreaming rather of what it might be glorious to attempt, than what it would be possible for you to accomplish. Believe me, it is not necessary to a man's respectability that he should commit a murder.

Many a man has passed through life most respectably, without attempting any species of homicide - good, bad, or indifferent. It is your first duty to ask yourself, quid valeant humeri, quid ferre recusent? And it is for your interest to be contented rather with a humble station well filled, than to shock every body with failures, the more conspicuous by contrast with the ostentation of their promises. Others, however, tell me that he is meditating a revenge upon me and the whole club.

But let this be as it may, liberavi animam meam; and, as you see, have run some risk with a wish to diminish the amount of homicide. But the other case still more forcibly illustrates my virtue. A man came to me as a candidate for the place of my servant, just then vacant. He had the reputation of having dabbled a little in our art; some said not without merit. What startled me,. Now that was a thing I would not allow; so I said at once,' Richard or James, as the case might be, you misunderstand my character.

If a man will and must practise this difficult and allow me to add, dangerous branch of art —if he has an overruling genius for it, why, he might as well pursue his studies whilst living in my service as in another's. And also, I may observe, that it can do no harm either to himself or to the subject on whom he operates, that he should be guided by men of more taste than himself. Genius may do much, but long study of the art must always entitle a man to offer advice. So far I will go-general principles I will suggest.

But as to any particular case, once for all I will have nothing to do with it. Never tell me of any special work of art you are meditating —I set my face against it in toto. LFor if once a man indulges himself in murder, very soon he come's to think little of robbing; and from robbing he comes next to drinking and Sabbath-breaking, and from that to incivility and procrastination. Many a man has dated his ruin from some murder or other that perhaps he thought little of at the time.

Principiis obstathat's my rule. But now about the dinner and the club. The club was not particularly of my creation; it arose pretty much as other similar associations, for the propagation of truth and the communication of new ideas, rather from the necessities of. As to the dinner, if any man more than another could be held responsible for that, it was a member known amongst us by the name of Toad-in-the-hole. He was so called from his gloomy misanthropical disposition, which led him into constant disparagements of all modern murders as vicious abortions, belonging to no authentic school of art.

The finest performances of our own age, he snarled at cynically; and at length this querulous humor grew upon him so much, and he became so notorious as a laudator temporis acti, that few people cared to seek his society. This made him still more fierce and truculent.

He went about muttering and growling; wherever you met him he was soliloquizing and saying,'despicable pretender — without grouping — without two ideas upon handling — without' - and there you lost him. At length existence seemed to be painful to him; he rarely spoke, he seemed conversing with phantoms in the air, his housekeeper informed us that his reading was nearly confined to God's Revenge upon Murder, by Reynolds, and a more ancient book of the same title, noticed by Sir Walter Scott, in his Fortunes of Nigel.

Sometimes, perhaps, he might read in the Newgate Calendar down to the year , but he never looked into a book more recent. In fact, he had a theory with regard to the French Revolution, as having been the great cause of degeneration in murder.

Toadin-the-hole was no more seen in any'public resort. By the side of the main conduit his listless length at noontide he would stretch, and pore upon the filth that muddled by. I remember in my grandfather's time that some dogs had an idea of murder. I have known a mastiff lie in ambush for a rival, sir, and murder him with pleasing circumstances of good taste.

Yes, sir, I kinew a tom-cat that nwas-an assassin. But now' - and then, the subject growing too painful, he dashed his hand to his forehead, and went off abruptly in a homeward direction towards his favorite conduit, where he was seen by an amateur in such a state that he thought it dangerous to address him. Soon after he shut himself entirely up; it was understood that he had resigned himself to melancholy; and at length the prevailing notion was, that Toad-in-the-hole had hanged himself.

The world was wrong there, as it had been on some other questions. Toad-in-the-hole might be sleeping, but dead he was not; and of that we soon had ocular proof. One morning in , an amateur surprised us with the news that he had seen Toad-in-the-hole brushing with hasty steps the dews away to meet the postman by the conduit side.

Even that was something: how much more, to hear that he had shaved his beard — had laid aside his sad-colored clothes, and was adorned like a bridegroom of ancient days. What could be the meaning of all this? Was Toad-in-the-hole mad? Soon after the secret was explained - in more than a figurative sense' the murder was out. Marr's, No. That was the debut of the artist; at least for anything the public knew. What occurred at Mr. Williamson's twelve nights afterwards - the second work turned out from the same chisel - some people pronounced even superior.

But Toad-in-the-hole always' reclaimed'- he was even angry at comparisons. One, perhaps, might suggest the Iliad - the other the Odyssey: what do you get by such comparisons? Neither ever was, or will be surpassed; and when you've talked for hours, you must still come back to that. Meantime, how had Toad-in-the-hole happened to hear of this great work of art so early in the morning?

He had received an accoufit by express, dispatched by a correspondent in London, who watched the progress of art on Toady's behalf, with a general commission to send off a special express, at whatever cost, in the event of any estimable works appearing - how much more upon occasion of a ne plus ultra in art! The express arrived in the night-time; Toad-in-the-hole was then gone to. On reading the account, he threw his arms round the express, called him his brother and his preserver; settled a pension upon him for three lives, and expressed his regret at not having it in his power to knight him.

We, on our part — we amateurs, I mean — having heard that he was abroad, and ther. Ae had not hanged himself, made sure of soon seei' n amongst us. Accordingly he soon arrived, knocked over the porter on his road to the reading-room; he seized every man's hand as he passed him - wrung it almost frantically, and kept ejaculating,'Why, now here's something like a murder!

Why, Tom, how are you? Bless me, you look ten years younger than when I last saw you. At present, and en attendant - rather as an occasion for a public participation in public sympathy, than as in itself any commensurate testimony of our interest - he proposed that the club should meet and dine together. A splendid public dinner, therefore, was given by the club; to which all amateurs were invited from a distance of one hundred miles.

Of this dinner, there are ample short-hand notes amongst the archives of the club. But they are not'extended,' to speak diplomatically; and the reporter is missing - I believe, murdered. Meantime, in years long after that day, and on an occasion perhapsj equally interesting, viz. Of this I myself kept notes, for fear of"FVier accident to the short-hand reporter.

And I here subjoin them. Toad-in-the-hole, I must mention, was present at this dinner. In fact, it was one of its sentimental incidents. Being as old as the valleys at the dinner of , naturally he was as old as the hills at the Thug dinner of He had taken to wearing his beard again; why, or with what view, it passes my persimmon to tell you.

But so it was. And his appearance was most benign and venerable. Nothing could equal the angelic radiance of his smile as he inquired after the unfortunate reporter, whom, as a piece of private scandal, I should tell you that he was himself supposed to have murdered, in a rapture of creative art: the answer was, with roars of laughter, from the under-sheriff of our county -' Non est inventus. Et responsum est cum cachinno - Non est inventus.

And that was the reason we had no dinner then. But now all of us were alive and kicking, strait-waistcoaters and others; in fact, not one absentee was reported upon the entire roll. There were also many foreign amateurs present. Dinner being over, and the cloth drawn, there was a general call made for the new glee of Non est inventus; but, as this would have interfered with the requisite gravity of the company during the earlier toasts, I overruled the call.

After the national toasts had been given, the first official toast of the day was, The Old Man of the Mountains - drunk in solemn silence. Toad-in-the-hole returned thanks in a neat speech. He likened himself to the Old Man of the Mountains, in a few brief allusions, that made the company absolutely yell with laughter; and he concluded with giving the health of Mr.

Von Hammer, with many thanks to him for his learned History of the Old Man and his subjects the assassins. Upon this I rose and said, that doubtless most of the company were aware of the distinguished place. You all know what consideration Williams bestowed on the hammer, or the ship carpenter's mallet, which is the same thing. Gentlemen, I give you another great hammer - Charles the Hammer, the Marteau, or, in old French, the Martel - he hammered the Saracens till they were all as dead as door-nails — he did, believe me.

The orchestra was again challenged with shouts the stormiest for the new glee. I made again a powerful effort to overrule the challenge. I might as well have talked to the winds. I foresaw a tempestuous evening; and I ordered myself to be strengthened with three waiters on each side; the vice-president with as many.

Symptoms of unruly enthusiasm were beginning to show out; and I own that I myself was considerably. Particularly Toad-in-the-hole, though considerably above a hundred years old, was getting as vicious as a young leopard. It was a fixed impression with the company that he had murdered the reporter in the year ; since which time viz.

I enjoined vigilance upon my assessors, and the business of the evening proceeded. The next toast was - The Jewish Sicarii. Upon which I made the following explanation to the company: -' Gentlemen, I am sure it will interest you all to hear that the assassins, ancient as they were, had a race of predecessors in the very same country. All over Syria, but particularly in Palestine, during the early years of the Emperor Nero, there was a band of murderers, who prosecuted their studies in a very novel manner.

They did not practise in the night-time, or in lonely places; but justly considering that great. They murdered him, gentlemen, as beautifully as if they had had him alone on a moonless night in a dark lane. And when it was asked, who was the murderer, and where he was' -' Why, then, it was answered,' interrupted Toad-inthe-hole,' Non est inventus.

Et responsum est ab omnibus - Non est inventus. This is what he says -' They tooled with small scymetars not much different from the Persian acinacca, but more curved, and for all the world most like the Roman sickles or sicce. Perhaps the only case on record where a regular army of murderers was assembled, a justus exercitus, was in the case. They mustered in such strength in the wilderness, that Festus himself was obliged to march against them with the Roman legionary force.

Heavens, gentlemen, what a sublime picture! The Roman legions -the wilderness - Jerusalem in the distance —an army of murderers in the foreground! HIe made an interesting extract from the report, by which it appeared how very much stress had been laid formerly on the mode of tooling, by the fathers, both Greek and Latin. In confirmation of this pleasing fact, he made a very striking statement in reference to the earliest work of antediluvian art.

Father Mersenne, that learned Roman Catholic, in page one thousand four hundred and thirty-one' of his operose Commentary on Genesis, mentions, on the authority of several rabbis, that the quarrel of Cain with Abel was about a young woman; that, by various accounts, Cain had tooled with his teeth, [Abelem fuisse morsibus dilaceratum a Cain;] 1 Page one thousand four hundred and thirty-one' —literally, good reader, and no joke at all.

But it is pleasing to the mind of sensibility to know that, as science expanded, sounder views were adopted. One author contends for a pitchfork, St. Chrysostom for a sword, Irenmeus for a scythe, and Prudentius for a hedging-bill. This last writer delivers his opinion thus: —'Frater, probatoe sanctitatis oemulus, Germana curvo colla frangit sarculo:' i. Every day of the year we take up a paper, we read the opening of a murder.

We say, this is good, this is charming, this is excellent! But, behold you! Instantly we loath it; we call to the waiter; we say, " Waiter, take away this paper; send it out of the house; it is absolutely offensive to all just taste. Tithes, politics, or something wrong in principle, vitiate every Irish murder. Gentlemen, this must be reformed, or Ireland will not be a land to live in; at least, if we do live there, we must import all our murders, that's clear.

The next toast was -' The sublime epoch of Burkism and Harism! In the famous collection of Greek epigrams made by Planudes is one upon a very charming little case of Burkism: it is a perfect little gem of art. The epigram itself I cannot lay my hand upon at this moment, but the following is an abstract of it by Salmasius, as I find it in his notes on Vopiscus: "Est et elegans epigramma Lucilii, well he might call it' elegans!

There lies the beauty of the case - " Et ut pollinctori amico suo traderet pollingendos. The original ground of the transaction appears to have been sentimental: " He was my friend," says the murderous doctor; " he was dear to me," in speaking of the pollinctor. But the law, gentlemen, is stern and harsh: the law will not hear of these tender motives: to sustain a contract of this nature in law, it is essential that a " consideration " should be given.

Now what was the consideration? For thus far all is on the side of the pollinctor: he will be well paid for his services; but, meantirne, the generous, the nobleminded doctor gets nothing. What was the little consideration again, I ask, which the law would insist on the doctor's taking?

The doctor was also a surgeon: he could not murder all his patients: some of the surgical patients must be retained intact; re infectd. For these he wanted linen bandages. But, unhappily, the Romans wore woollen, on which account they bathed so often. Meantime, there was linen to be had in Rome; but it was monstrously. The doctor, therefore, contracts to furnish his friend with a constant succession of corpses, provided, and be it understood always, that his said friend in return should supply him with one half of the articles he would receive from the friends of the parties murdered or to be murdered.

The doctor invariably recommended his invaluable friend the pollinctor, whom let us call the undertaker; the undertaker, with equal regard to the sacred rights of friendship, uniformly recommended the doctor. Like Pylades and Orestes, they were models of a perfect friendship: in their lives they were lovely, and on the gallows, it is to be hoped, they were not divided.

By the way, gentlemen, has anybody heard lately of Hare? I understand he is comfortably settled in Ireland, considerably to the west, and does a little business now and then; but, as he observes with a sigh, only as a retailer - nothing like the fine thriving wholesale concern so carelessly blown up at Edinburgh. The speeches attempted at this crisis of the dinner were past all counting.

But the applause was so furious, the music so stormy, and the crashing of glasses so incessant, from the general resolution never again to drink an inferior toast from the same glass, that my power is not equal to the task of reporting.

Besides which, Toad-in-the-hole now became quite ungovernable. He kept firing pistols in every direction; sent his servant for a blunderbuss, and talked of loading with ball-cartridge. We conceived that his former madness had returned at the mention of Burke and H-are; or that, being again weary of life, he had resolved to go off in a general massacre. This we could not think of allowing; it became indispensable, therefore, to kick him out, which we did with universal consent, the whole company lending their toes uno pede, as I may say, though pitying his gray hairs and his angelic smile.

During the operation the orchestra poured in their old chorus. The universal company sang, and what surprised us most of all Toad-in-thehole joined us furiously in singing -'Et interrogatum est ab'omnibus-Ubi est ille Toad-in-the-hole? WHAT is to be thought of her? What is to be thought of the poor shepherd girl from the hills and forests of Lorraine, that — like the Hebrew shepherd boy from the hills and forests of Judaea - rose suddenly out of the quiet, out of the safety, out of the religious inspiration, rooted in deep pastoral solitudes, to a station in the van of armies, and to the more perilous station at the right hand of kings?

The Hebrew boy inaugurated his patriotic mission by an act, by a victorious act, such as no man could deny. But so'did the girl of Lorraine, if we read her story as it was read by those who saw her nearest. Adverse armies bore witness to the boy as no pretender; but so they did to the gentle girl.

Judged by the voices of all who saw them from a station of good will, both were found true and loyal to any promises involved in their first acts. Enemies it was that made the difference between their subsequent fortunes. The boy rose- to a splendor and a noonday prosperity, both personal and public, that rang through the records of his people, and became a bye.

The poor, forsaken girl, on the contrary, drank not herself from that cup of rest which she had secured for France. She never sang together with the songs that rose in her native Domrbemy, as echoes to the departing steps of invaders. She mingled not in the festal dances at Vaucouleurs which celebrated in rapture the redemption of France.

TELETRADE FOREX ANTALYA RESORTS

Henry Teonge, in his Diary lately published. In a note on this passage, a reference is made to Fryer's Travels to the East Indies, , who speaks of' that enervating liquor called Paunch, which is Indostan for five, from five ingredients. No doubt, it was its Evangelical name that recommended it to the Rev. This L. No doubt he was the readier to dispense with these duties, as he had possessed himself of a ducatoon, and a small quantity of silver, together with a silver-hafted knife, and had absconded with his pillage.

It was L. Poor S. But who was L. It surely never could be Lindley Murray; for I saw him at York, in ; and besides, I do not think he would do such a thing; at least, not to a brother grammarian: for you know, gentlemen, that Spinosa wrote a very respectable Hebrew grammar. Hobbes, but why, or on what principle, I never could. This was a capital oversight of the professional men in the seventeenth century; because in every light he was a fine subject for murder, except, indeed, that he was lean and skinny; for I can prove that he had money, and what is very funny, he had no right to make the least resistance; for, according to himself, irresistible power creates the very highest species of right, so that it is rebellion of the blackest die to refuse to be murdered, when a competent force appears to murder you.

However, gentlemen, though he was not murdered, I am happy to assure you that by his own account he was three times very near being murdered. The first time was in the spring of , when he pretends to have circulated a little MS. The old coward now began to'funk' horribly for the third time; he fancied the swords of the cavaliers were. Now, certainly, it is very true that a man deserved a cudgelling for writing Leviathan; and two or three cudgellings for writing a pentameter ending so villanously as -'terror ubique aderat!

And, in fact, the whole story is a bounce of his own. For, in a most abusive letter which he wrote'to a learned person,' meaning Wallis the mathematician, he gives quite another account of the matter, and says p. Bounce or not bounce, however, certain it is, that Hobbes, to the end of his life, feared that somebody would murder him.

This is proved by the story I am going to tell you: it is not from a manuscript, but as Mr. Coleridge says it is as good as manuscript; for it comes from a book now entirely forgotten, viz. Hobbes Examined; in a Conference between him and a Student in Divinity,' published about ten years before Hobbes's death. The book is anonymous, but it was written by Tennison, the same who, about thirty years after, succeeded Tillotson as.

The introductory anecdote is as follows:'A certain divine, it seems, no doubt Tennison himself, took an annual tour of one month to different parts of the island. In one of these excursions he visited the Peak in Derbyshire, partly in consequence of Hobbes's description of it. Being in that neighborhood, he could not but pay a visit to Buxton; and at the very moment of his arrival, he was fortunate enough to find a party of gentlemen dismounting at the inn door, amongst whom was a long thin fellow, who turned out to be no less a person than Mr.

Hobbes, who probably had ridden over from Chattsworth. Meeting so great a lion, —a tourist, in search of the picturesque, could do no less than present himself in the character of bore. And luckily for this scheme, two of Mr. Hobbes's companions were suddenly summoned away by express; so that, for the rest of his stay at Buxton, he had Leviathan entirely to himself, and had the honor of bowsing with him in the evening.

Hobbes, it seems, at first showed a good deal of stiffness, for he was shy of divines; but this wore off, and he became very sociable and funny, and they agreed to go into the bath together. How Tennison could venture to gambol in the same water with Leviathan, I cannot explain; but so it was: they frolicked about like two dolphins, though Hobbes must have been as old as the hills; and' in those intervals wherein they abstained from swimming and plunging themselves,' [i. When they had in this manner passed away an hour, they stepped out.

But in this innocent intention they were interrupted by the disturbance arising from a little quarrel, in which some of the ruder people in the house were for a short time engaged. At this Mr. Hobbes seemed much concerned, though he was at some distance from the persons. No doubt you fancy, from some benign and disinterested love of peace and harmony, worthy of an old man and a philosopher.

But listen —' For a while he was not composed, but related it once or twice as to himself, with a low and careful tone, how Sextus Roscius was murthered after supper by the Balnewe Palatinue. Of such general extent is that remark of Cicero, in relation to Epicurus the Atheist, of whom he observed that he of all men dreaded most those things which he contemned — Death and the Gods. Hobbes must have the fate of Sextus Roscius.

What logic was there in this, unless to a man who was always dreaming of murder? Here was Leviathan, no longer afraid of the daggers of English cavaliers or French clergy, but'frightened from his propriety' by a row in an ale-house between some honest clod-hoppers of Derbyshire, whom his own gaunt scare-crow of a person that belonged to quite another century, would have frightened out -of their wits.

Malebranche, it will give you pleasure to hear, was. The man who murdered him is well known: it was Bishop Berkeley. The story is familiar, though hitherto not put in a proper light. Berkeley, when a young man, went to Paris and called on Pere Malebranche.

He found him in his cell cooking. Cooks have ever been a genus irritabile; authors still more so: Malebranche was both: a dispute arose; the old father, warm already, became warmer; culinary and metaphysical irritations united to derange his liver: he took to his bed, and died. Such is the common version of the story:' So the whole ear of Denmark is abused. The vanity of the man was too great for this; and he fell a sacrifice to the impetuosity of Irish youth, combined with his own absurd obstinacy.

Leibnitz, being every way superior to Malebranche, one might, afortiori, have counted on his being murdered; which, however, was not the case. I believe he was nettled at this neglect, and felt himself insulted by the security in which he passed his days. In no other way can I explain his conduct at the latter end of his life, when he chose to grow very avaricious, and. This was at Vienna, where he died; and letters are still in existence, describing the immeasurable anxiety which he entertained for his throat.

Still his ambition, for being attempted at least, was so great, that he would not forego the danger. A late English pedagogue, of Birmingham manufacture, viz. Parr, took a more selfish course, under the same circumstances. He had amassed a considerable quantity of gold and silver plate, which was for some time deposited in his bed-room at his parsonage house, Hatton. But growing every day more afraid of being murdered, which he knew that.

But I have heard this greatly disputed; and it seems now,generally agreed, that one good horse-shoe is worth about 21 Spital sermons. As Leibnitz, though not murdered, may be said to have died, partly of the fear that he should be murdered, and partly of vexation that he was not, - Kant, on the other hand - who had no ambition in that way - had a narrower escape from a murderer than any man we read of, except Des Cartes. So absurdly does fortune throw about her favors!

The case is told, I think, in an anonymous life of this very great man. For health's sake, Kant imposed upon himself, at one time, a walk of six miles every day along a highroad. This fact becoming known to a man who had his private reasons for committing murder, at the third. But for an accident, Kant was a dead man. However, on considerations of' morality,' it happened that the murderer preferred a little child, whom he saw playing in the road, to the old transcendentalist: this child he murdered; and thus it happened that Kant escaped.

Such is the German account of the matter; but my opinion is —that the murderer was an amateur, who felt how little would be gained to the cause of good taste by murdering an old, arid, and adust metaphysician; there was no room for display, as the man could not possibly look more like a mummy when dead, than he had done alive. Thus, gentlemen, I have traced the connection between philosophy and our art, until insensibly I find that I have wandered into our own era.

This I shall not take any pains to characterize apart from that which preceded it, for, in fact,they have no distinct character. The seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, together with so much of the nineteenth as we have yet seen, jointly compose the Augustan age of murder.

The finest work of the seventeenth century is, unquestionably, the murder of Sir Edmondbury Godfrey, which has my entire approbation. At the same time, it must be observed, that the quantity of murder was not great in this century, at least amongst our own artists; which, perhaps, is attributable to the want of enlightened patronage. Sint Mecenates, non deerunt, Flacce, Mllarones. Consulting Grant's' Observations on the Bills of Mortality,' 4th 4. A small number this, gentlemen, to found an academy upon; and certainly, where the quantity is so small, we have a right to expect that the quality should be first.

Perhaps it was; yet, still I am of opinion that the best artist in this century was not equal to the best in that which followed. For instance, however praiseworthy the case of Sir Edmondbury Godfrey may be and nobody can be more sensible of its merits than I am , still, I cannot consent to place it on a level with that of Mrs. Ruscombe of Bristol, either as to originality of design, or boldness and breadth of style. This good lady's murder took place early in the reign of George II[.

She lived in College Green, with a single maid-servant, neither of them having any pretension to the notice of history but what they derived from the great artist whose workmanship I am recording. One fine morning, when all Bristol was alive and in motion, some suspicion arising, the neighbors forced an entrance into the house, and found Mrs.

Ruscombe murdered in her bed-room, and the servant murdered on the stairs: this was at noon; and, not more than two hours before, both mistress and servant had been seen alive. To the best of my remembrance, this was in ; upwards of sixty years, therefore, have now elapsed, and yet the artist is still undiscovered.

The suspicions of posterity have settled upon two pretenders -a baker and a chimney-sweeper. But posterity is. It was no obscure baker, gentlemen, or anonymous chimney-sweeper, be assured, that executed this work. I know who it was. Here there was a general buzz, which at length broke out into open applause; upon which the lecturer blushed, and went on with much earnestness. For Heaven's sake, gentlemen, do not mistake me; it was not I that did it.

I have not the vanity to think myself equal to any such achievement; be assured that you greatly overrate my poor talents; Mrs. Ruscombe's affair was far beyond my slender abilities. But I came to know who the artist was, from a celebrated surgeon, who assisted at his dissection.

This gentleman had a private museum in the way of his profession, one corner of which was occupied by a cast from a man of remarkably fine proportions. At the time of his execution for highway robbery, I was studying under Cruickshank: and the man's figure was so uncommonly fine, that no money or exertion was spared to get into possession of him with the least possible delay.

By the connivance of the under-sheriff he was cut down within the legal time, and instantly put into a chaise and four; so that, when he reached Cruickshank's he was positively not dead. Ruscombe's affair. One was, the fact of his absence for a whole fortnight at the period of that murder: the other, that, within a very little time after, the neighborhood of this highwayman was deluged with dollars: now Mrs.

Ruscombe was known to have hoarded about two thousand of that coin. Be the artist, however, who he might, the affair remains a durable monument of his genius; for such was the impression of awe, and the sense of power left behind, by the strength of conception manifested in this murder, that no tenant as I was told in had been found up to that time for Mrs.

Ruscombe's house. But, whilst I thus eulogize the Ruscombian case, let me not be supposed to overlook the many other specimens of extraordinary merit spread over the face of this century. Such cases, indeed, as that of Miss Bland, or of Captain Donnellan, and Sir Theophilus Boughton, shall never have any countenance from me.

Fie on these dealers in poison, say I: can they not keep to the old honest way of cutting throats, without introducing such abominable innovations from Italy? I consider all these poisoning cases, compared with the. But, dismissing these, there remain many excellent works of art in a pure style, such as nobody need be ashamed to own, as every candid connoisseur will admit.

Candid, observe, I say; for great allowances must be made in these cases; no artist can ever be sure of carrying through his own fine preconception. Awkward disturbances will arise; people will not submit to have their throats cut quietly; they will run, they will kick, they will bite; and whilst the portrait painter often has to complain of too much torpor in his subject, the artist, in our line, is generally embarrassed by too much animation. At the same time, however disagreeable to the artist, this tendency in murder to excite and irritate the subject, is certainly one of its advantages to the world in general, which we ought not to overlook, since it favors the development of latent talent.

Jeremy Taylor notices with admiration, the extraordinary leaps which people will take under the influence of fear. There was a striking instance of this in the recent case of the M'Keands; the boy cleared a height, such as he will never clear again to his dying day.

Talents also of the most brilliant description for thumping, and indeed for all the gymnastic exercises, have sometimes been developed by the panic which accompanies our artists; talents else buried and hid under a bushel to the possessors, as much as to their friends.

I remember an interesting illustration of this fact, in a case which I learned in Germany. Riding one day in the neighborhood of Munich, I. This gentleman informed me that, finding himself wearied with the frigid pleasures so he called them of mere amateurship, he had quitted England for the continent — meaning to practise a little professionally. For this purpose he resorted to Germany, conceiving the police in that part of Europe to be more heavy and drowsy than elsewhere.

His debut, as a practitioner, took place at Mannheim; and, knowing me to be a brother amateur, he freely communicated the whole of his maiden adventure. Whether it were his great expanse of chalky face, or what else, I know not - but the fact was, I " fancied" him, and resolved to commence business upon his throat, which, by the way, he always carried bare - a fashion which is very irritating to my desires.

Precisely at eight o'clock in the evening, I observed that he regularly shut up his windows. One night I watched him when thus engaged - bolted in after him - locked the door- and, addressing him with great suavity, acquainted him with the nature of my errand; at the same time advising him to make no resistance, which would be mutually unpleasant. So saying, I drew out my tools; and was proceeding to operate. But at this spectacle, the baker, who seemed to have been struck by catalepsy at my first announce, awoke into tremendous agitation.

But no. The veryoidea of his boxing struck me as ludicrous. It is true, a London baker had distinguished himself in the ring, and became known to fame under the title of the Master of the Rolls; but he was young and unspoiled: whereas, this man was a monstrous feather-bed in person, fifty years old, and totally out of condition. Spite of all this, however, and contending against me, who am a master in the art, he made so desperate a defence, that many times I feared he might turn the tables upon me; and that I, an amateur, might be murdered by a rascally baker.

What a situation! Minds of sensibility will sympathize with my anxiety. How severe it was, you may understand, by this, that for the first thirteen rounds the baker had the advantage. Round the fourteinth, I received a blow on the right eye, which closed it up; in the end, I believe, this was my salvation; for the anger it roused in me was so great, that, in this, and every one of the three following rounds I floored the baker. The baker came up piping, and manifestly the worse for wear. His geometrical exploits in the four last rounds had done him no good.

However, he showed some skill in stopping a message which I was sending to his cadaverous mug; in delivering which, my foot slipped, and I went down. Surveying the baker, I became ashamed of having been so much bothered by a shapeless mass of dough; and I went in fiercely, and administered some severe punishment.

A rally took place - both went down - baker undermost - ten to three on amateur. The baker jumped up with surprising agility i indeed, he managed his pins capitally, and fought wonderfully, considering that he was drenched in perspiration; but the shine was now taken out of him, and his game was the mere effect of panic. It was now clear that he could not last much longer. In the course of this round we tried the weaving system, in which I had greatly the advantage, and hit him repeatedly on the conk.

My reason for this was, that his conk was covered with carbuncles; and I thought I should vex him by taking such liberties with his conk, which in fact I did. Seeing how matters stood, in round twenty-fourth I whispered something into his ear, which sent him down like a shot. It was nothing more than my private opinion of the value of his throat at an annuity office. This liftle confidential whisper affected him greatly; the very perspiration was frozen on his face, and for the next two rounds I had it all my own way.

And when I called time for the twenty-seventh round, he lay like a log on the floor. Now, for the life of me, I could not see that; for, on the contrary, to my mind it appeared that he had taken two stones to kill one bird, having been obliged to take the conceit out of him first with his fist, and then with his tools. But no matter for his logic. The moral of his story was good, for it showed what an astonishing stimulus to latent talent is contained in any reasonable prospect of being murdered.

A pursy, unwieldy, half cataleptic baker of Mannheim had absolutely fought six-and-twenty rounds with an accomplished English boxer merely upon this inspiration; so greatly was natural genius exalted and sublimed by the genial presence of his murderer.

Really, gentlemen, when one hears of such things as these, it becomes a duty, perhaps, a little to soften that extreme asperity with which most men speak of murder. To hear people talk, you would suppose that all the disadvantages and inconveniences were on the side of being murdered, and that there were none at all in not being murdered.

But considerate men think otherwise. He declares it to be one of. No sort of knowledge being rarer than this, surely that man must be a most philanthropic character, who undertakes to instruct people in this branch of knowledge gratis, and at no little hazard to himself. All this, however, I throw out only in the way of speculation to future moralists; declaring in the meantime my own private conviction, that very few men commit murder upon philanthropic or patriotic- principles, and repeating what I have already said once at least - that, as to the majority of murderers, they are very incorrect characters.

With respect to Williams's murders, the sublimest and most entire in their excellence that ever were committed, I shall not allow myself to speak incidentally. Nothing less than an entire lecture, or even an entire course of lectures, would suffice to expound their merits.

But one curious fact, connected with his case, I shall mention, because it seems to imply that the blaze of his genius absolutely dazzled the eye of criminal justice. You all remember, I doubt not, that the instruments with which he executed his first great work, the murder of the Marrs, were a ship-carpenter's mallet and a knife. Now the mallet belonged to an old Swede, one John Peterson, and bore his initials. This instrument Williams left behind him, in Marr's house, and it fell into the hands of the magistrates.

Now, gentlemen, it is a fact that the publication of this circumstance of Be initials-led immediately to the apprehension of Williams, and, if made earlier, would have prevented his second great work, the. But the magistrates kept back this fact from the public for the entire twelve days, and until that second work was accomplished. That finished, they published it, apparently feeling that Williams had now done enough for his fame, and that his glory was at length placed beyond the reach of accident.

As to Mr. Thurtell's case, I know not what to say. Naturally, I have every disposition to think highly of my predecessor in the chair of this society; and I acknowledge that his lectures were unexceptionable. But speaking ingenuously, I do really think that his principal performance, as an artist, has been much overrated. I admit that at first I was myself carried away by the general enthusiasm. On the morning when the murder was made known in London, there was the fullest meeting of amateurs that I have ever known since the days of Williams; old bed-ridden connoisseurs, who had got into a peevish way of sneering and complaining' that there was nothing doing,' now hobbled down to our club-room: such hilarity, such benign expression of general satisfaction, I have rarely witnessed.

On every side you saw people shaking hands, congratulating each other, and forming dinner parties for the evening; and nothing was to be heard but triumphant challenges of -' Well! S -, that laudator temporis acti, stumping along with his wooden leg; he entered the room with his.

Besides, his style is as hard as Albert Durer, and as coarse as Fuseli. The fact is, he was a member of our society, which naturally gave a friendly bias to our judgments; and his person was universally familiar to the cockneys, which gave him, with the whole London public, a temporary popularity, that his pretensions are not capable of supporting; for opinionum commenta delet dies, naturce judicia confirmat.

There was, however, an unfinished design of Thurtell's for the murder of a man with a pair of dumb-bells, which I admired greatly; it was a mere outline, that he never completed; but to my mind it seemed every way superior to his chief work. I remember that there was great regret expressed by some amateurs that this sketch should have been left in an unfinished state: but there I cannot agree with them; for the fragments and first bold outlines of original artists have often a felicity about them which is apt to vanish in the management of the details.

The case of the M'Keands I consider far beyond the vaunted performance of Thurtell, - indeed above all praise; and bearing that relation, in fact, to the immortal works of Williams, which the iEneid bears to the Iliad. But the mind of sensibility requires something more.

First, then, let us speak of the kind of person who is adapted to the purpose of the murderer; secondly, of the place where; thirdly, of the titne when, and other little circumstances. As to the person, I suppose it is evident that he ought to be a good man; because, if he were not, he might himself, by possibility, be contemplating murder at the very time; and such' diamond-cut-diamond' tussles, though pleasant enough where nothing better is stirring, are really not what a critic can allow himself to call murders.

I could mention some people I name no names who have been murdered by other people in a dark lane; and so far all seemed correct enough; but, on looking farther into the matter, the public have become aware that the murdered party was himself, at the moment, planning to rob his murderer, at the least, and possibly to murder him, if he had been strong enough.

Whenever that is the case, or may be thought to be the case, farewell to all the genuine effects of the art. For the final purpose of murder, considered as a fine art, is precisely the same as that of tragedy, in Aristotle's account of it, viz. It is also evident that the person selected ought not,.

For instance, no judicious artist would have attempted to murder Abraham Newland. For the case was this: everybody read so much about Abraham Newland, and so few people ever saw him, that there was a fixed belief that he was an abstract idea. And I remember that once, when I happened to mention that I had dined at a coffee-house in company with Abraham Newland, everybody looked scornfully at me, as though I had pretended to have played at billiards with Prester John, or to have had an affair of honor with the Pope.

And, by the way, the Pope would be a very improper person to murder: for he has such a virtual ubiquity as the father of Christen. Where, indeed, a public character is in the habit of giving dinners,' with every delicacy of the season,' the case is very different: every person is satisfied that he is no abstract idea; and, therefore, there can be no impropriety in murdering him; only that his murder will fall into the class of assassinations, which I have not yet treated.

The subject chosen ought to be in good health: for it is absolutely barbarous to murder a sick person, who is usually quite unable to bear it. On this principle, no cockney ought to be chosen who is above twenty-five, for after that age he is sure to be dys.

Or at least, if a man will hunt in that warren, lie ought to murder a couple at one time; if the cockneys chosen should be tailors, he will of course think it his duty, on the old established equation, to murder eighteen. And, here, in this attention to the. The world in general, gentlemen, are very bloodyminded; and all they want in a murder is a copious effusion of blood; gaudy display in this point is enough for them.

But the enlightened connoisseur is more refined in his taste; and from our art, as from all the other liberal arts when thoroughly cultivated, the result is - to improve and to humanize the heart; so true is it, tha:-' Ingenuas didicisse fideliter artes, Emollit mores, nec sinit esse feros.

And, undoubedly, this is a judicious caution. Yet I would not insist too keenly on this condition. Severe good taste unquestionably demands it; but still, where the man was otherwise unobjectionable in point of morals and health, I would not look with too curious a jealousy to a restriction which might have the effect of narrowing the artist's sphere.

So much for the person. As to the time, the place, and the tools, I have many things to say, which at present I have no room for. The good sense of the practitioner has usually directed him to night and privacy. Yet there have not been wanting cases where this rule was departed from with excellent effect. In respect to time, Mrs. Ruscombe's case is a beautiful exception, which I have already noticed;. The case I mean is that of a porter to one of the banks, who was murdered whilst carrying a bag of money, in broad daylight, on turning out of the High Street, one of the most public streets in Europe, and the murderer is to this hour undiscovered.

I never attempted any murder in my life, except in the year , upon the body of a tom-cat; and that turned out differently from my intention. My purpose, I own, was downright murder. But when I found him, he was in the act of plundering the pantry of bread and other things.

Now this gave a new turn to the affair; for the time being one of general scarcity, when even Christians were reduced to the use of potato-bread, rice-bread, and all sorts of things, it was downright treason in a tom-cat to be wasting good wheaten-bread in the way he was doing. It instantly became a patriotic duty to put him to death; and as I raised aloft and shook the glittering steel, I fancied myself rising. My ambition does not rise so high. No, gentlemen, in the words of Horace, I' - fungar vice cotis, acutum Reddere que ferrum valet, exsors ipsa secandi.

Being so, I am sure that you will sympathize with my case. I am an ill-used man, Dr. North - particularly ill used; and, with your permission, I will briefly explain how. A black scene of calumny will -be laid open; but you, Doctor, will make all things square again. One frown from you, directed to the proper quarter, or a warning shake of the crutch, will set me right in public opinion, which at present, I am sorry to say, is rather hostile to me and mine - all owing to the wicked arts of slanderers.

But you shall hear. A good many years ago you may remember that I came forward in the character of a dilettante in murder. Perhaps dilettante may be too strong a word. Connoisseur is better suited to the scruples and infirmity of public taste. I suppose there is no harm in that at least. A man is not bound to put his eyes, ears, and understanding into his breeches pocket when he meets with. If he is not in a downright comatose state, I suppose he must see that one murder is better or worse than another in point of good taste.

Murders have their little differences and shades of merit as well as statues, pictures, oratorios, cameos, intaglios, or what not. You may be angry with the man for talking too much, or too publicly, as to the too much, that I deny- a man can never cultivate his taste too highly; but you must allow him to think, at any rate; and you, Doctor, you think, I am sure, both deeply and correctly on the subject.

Well, would you believe it? In particular, they said that I, or that the club, which comes to the same thing, had offered bounties on well conducted homicides — with a scale of drawbacks, in case of any one defect or flaw, according to a table issued to private friends. Now, Doctor, I'll tell you the whole truth about the dinner and the club, and you'll see how malicious the world is.

But first let me tell you, confidentially, what my real principles are upon the matters in question. As to murder, I never committed one in my life. It's a well known thing amongst all my friends. I can get a paper to certify as much, signed by lots of people. Indeed, if you come to that, I doubt whether many people could produce as strong a certificate. Mine would. There is indeed one member of the club, who pretends to say that he caught me once making too free with his throat on a club night, after every body else had retired.

But, observe, he shuffles in his story according to his state of civilation. When not far gone, he contents himself with saying that he caught me ogling his throat; and that I was melancholy for some weeks after, and that my voice sounded in a way expressing, to the nice ear of a connoisseur, the sense of opportunities lost - but the club all know that he's a disappointed man himself, and that he speaks querulously at times about the fatal neglect of a man's coming abroad without his tools.

Besides, all this is an affair between two amateurs, and every body makes allowances for little asperities and sorenesses in such a case. And that was the very point I wished to argue for your satisfaction. The truth is, I am a very particular man in everything relating to murder; and perhaps I carry my delicacy too far. The Stagyrite most justly, and possibly with a view to my case, placed virtue in the 65,LAov or middle point between two extremes.

A golden mean is certainly what every man should aim at. But it is easier talking than doing; and, my infirmity being notoriously too much milkiness of heart, I find it difficult to maintain that steady equatorial line between the two poles of too much murder on the one hand, and too little on the other. I am too soft - Doctor, too soft; and people get excused through me - nay, go through life without an attempt made upon.

I believe if I had the management of things, there would hardly be a murder from year's end to year's end. In fact I'm for virtue, and goodness, and all that sort of thing. And two instances I'll give you to what an extremity I carry my virtue. The first may seem a trifle; but not if you knew my nephew, who was certainly born to be hanged, and would have been so long ago, but for my restraining voice.

Ile is horribly ambitious, and thinks himself a man of cultivated taste in most branches of murder, whereas, in fact, he has not one idea on the subject, but such as he has stolen from me. This is so- well known, that the club has twice blackballed him, tlhough every indulgence was shown to him as my relative.

People came to me and said -' Now really, President, we would do much to serve a relative of yours. But still, what can be said? You know yourself that he'll disgrace us. If we were to elect him, why, the next thing we should hear of would be some vile- butcherly murder, by way of justifying our choice.

And what sort of a concern would it be? You know, as well as we do, that it would be a disgraceful affair, more worthy of the shambles than of an artist's attelier. He would fall upon some great big man, some huge farmer returning drunk from a fair. There would be plenty of blood, and that he would expect us to take in lieu of taste, finish, scenical grouping.

Then, again, how would he tool? Why, most probably with a cleaver and a couple of paving stones: so that the whole coup d'wcil would remind you rather of some hideous ogre or cyclops, than of the delicate operator of the nineteenth century. The next morning I spoke to my nephew - I was delicately situated, as you see, but I determined that no consideration should induce me to flinch from my duty. Pushed on by ambition, you are dreaming rather of what it might be glorious to attempt, than what it would be possible for you to accomplish.

Believe me, it is not necessary to a man's respectability that he should commit a murder. Many a man has passed through life most respectably, without attempting any species of homicide - good, bad, or indifferent.

It is your first duty to ask yourself, quid valeant humeri, quid ferre recusent? And it is for your interest to be contented rather with a humble station well filled, than to shock every body with failures, the more conspicuous by contrast with the ostentation of their promises.

Others, however, tell me that he is meditating a revenge upon me and the whole club. But let this be as it may, liberavi animam meam; and, as you see, have run some risk with a wish to diminish the amount of homicide. But the other case still more forcibly illustrates my virtue. A man came to me as a candidate for the place of my servant, just then vacant.

He had the reputation of having dabbled a little in our art; some said not without merit. What startled me,. Now that was a thing I would not allow; so I said at once,' Richard or James, as the case might be, you misunderstand my character. If a man will and must practise this difficult and allow me to add, dangerous branch of art —if he has an overruling genius for it, why, he might as well pursue his studies whilst living in my service as in another's.

And also, I may observe, that it can do no harm either to himself or to the subject on whom he operates, that he should be guided by men of more taste than himself. Genius may do much, but long study of the art must always entitle a man to offer advice. So far I will go-general principles I will suggest.

But as to any particular case, once for all I will have nothing to do with it. Never tell me of any special work of art you are meditating —I set my face against it in toto. LFor if once a man indulges himself in murder, very soon he come's to think little of robbing; and from robbing he comes next to drinking and Sabbath-breaking, and from that to incivility and procrastination.

Many a man has dated his ruin from some murder or other that perhaps he thought little of at the time. Principiis obstathat's my rule. But now about the dinner and the club. The club was not particularly of my creation; it arose pretty much as other similar associations, for the propagation of truth and the communication of new ideas, rather from the necessities of.

As to the dinner, if any man more than another could be held responsible for that, it was a member known amongst us by the name of Toad-in-the-hole. He was so called from his gloomy misanthropical disposition, which led him into constant disparagements of all modern murders as vicious abortions, belonging to no authentic school of art.

The finest performances of our own age, he snarled at cynically; and at length this querulous humor grew upon him so much, and he became so notorious as a laudator temporis acti, that few people cared to seek his society. This made him still more fierce and truculent. He went about muttering and growling; wherever you met him he was soliloquizing and saying,'despicable pretender — without grouping — without two ideas upon handling — without' - and there you lost him. At length existence seemed to be painful to him; he rarely spoke, he seemed conversing with phantoms in the air, his housekeeper informed us that his reading was nearly confined to God's Revenge upon Murder, by Reynolds, and a more ancient book of the same title, noticed by Sir Walter Scott, in his Fortunes of Nigel.

Sometimes, perhaps, he might read in the Newgate Calendar down to the year , but he never looked into a book more recent. In fact, he had a theory with regard to the French Revolution, as having been the great cause of degeneration in murder. Toadin-the-hole was no more seen in any'public resort. By the side of the main conduit his listless length at noontide he would stretch, and pore upon the filth that muddled by.

I remember in my grandfather's time that some dogs had an idea of murder. I have known a mastiff lie in ambush for a rival, sir, and murder him with pleasing circumstances of good taste. Yes, sir, I kinew a tom-cat that nwas-an assassin. But now' - and then, the subject growing too painful, he dashed his hand to his forehead, and went off abruptly in a homeward direction towards his favorite conduit, where he was seen by an amateur in such a state that he thought it dangerous to address him.

Soon after he shut himself entirely up; it was understood that he had resigned himself to melancholy; and at length the prevailing notion was, that Toad-in-the-hole had hanged himself. The world was wrong there, as it had been on some other questions. Toad-in-the-hole might be sleeping, but dead he was not; and of that we soon had ocular proof. One morning in , an amateur surprised us with the news that he had seen Toad-in-the-hole brushing with hasty steps the dews away to meet the postman by the conduit side.

Even that was something: how much more, to hear that he had shaved his beard — had laid aside his sad-colored clothes, and was adorned like a bridegroom of ancient days. What could be the meaning of all this? Was Toad-in-the-hole mad? Soon after the secret was explained - in more than a figurative sense' the murder was out.

Marr's, No. That was the debut of the artist; at least for anything the public knew. What occurred at Mr. Williamson's twelve nights afterwards - the second work turned out from the same chisel - some people pronounced even superior. But Toad-in-the-hole always' reclaimed'- he was even angry at comparisons. One, perhaps, might suggest the Iliad - the other the Odyssey: what do you get by such comparisons?

Neither ever was, or will be surpassed; and when you've talked for hours, you must still come back to that. Meantime, how had Toad-in-the-hole happened to hear of this great work of art so early in the morning? He had received an accoufit by express, dispatched by a correspondent in London, who watched the progress of art on Toady's behalf, with a general commission to send off a special express, at whatever cost, in the event of any estimable works appearing - how much more upon occasion of a ne plus ultra in art!

The express arrived in the night-time; Toad-in-the-hole was then gone to. On reading the account, he threw his arms round the express, called him his brother and his preserver; settled a pension upon him for three lives, and expressed his regret at not having it in his power to knight him. We, on our part — we amateurs, I mean — having heard that he was abroad, and ther. Ae had not hanged himself, made sure of soon seei' n amongst us.

Accordingly he soon arrived, knocked over the porter on his road to the reading-room; he seized every man's hand as he passed him - wrung it almost frantically, and kept ejaculating,'Why, now here's something like a murder! Why, Tom, how are you? Bless me, you look ten years younger than when I last saw you. At present, and en attendant - rather as an occasion for a public participation in public sympathy, than as in itself any commensurate testimony of our interest - he proposed that the club should meet and dine together.

A splendid public dinner, therefore, was given by the club; to which all amateurs were invited from a distance of one hundred miles. Of this dinner, there are ample short-hand notes amongst the archives of the club. But they are not'extended,' to speak diplomatically; and the reporter is missing - I believe, murdered.

Meantime, in years long after that day, and on an occasion perhapsj equally interesting, viz. Of this I myself kept notes, for fear of"FVier accident to the short-hand reporter. And I here subjoin them. Toad-in-the-hole, I must mention, was present at this dinner. In fact, it was one of its sentimental incidents. Being as old as the valleys at the dinner of , naturally he was as old as the hills at the Thug dinner of He had taken to wearing his beard again; why, or with what view, it passes my persimmon to tell you.

But so it was. And his appearance was most benign and venerable. Nothing could equal the angelic radiance of his smile as he inquired after the unfortunate reporter, whom, as a piece of private scandal, I should tell you that he was himself supposed to have murdered, in a rapture of creative art: the answer was, with roars of laughter, from the under-sheriff of our county -' Non est inventus.

Et responsum est cum cachinno - Non est inventus. And that was the reason we had no dinner then. But now all of us were alive and kicking, strait-waistcoaters and others; in fact, not one absentee was reported upon the entire roll. There were also many foreign amateurs present. Dinner being over, and the cloth drawn, there was a general call made for the new glee of Non est inventus; but, as this would have interfered with the requisite gravity of the company during the earlier toasts, I overruled the call.

After the national toasts had been given, the first official toast of the day was, The Old Man of the Mountains - drunk in solemn silence. Toad-in-the-hole returned thanks in a neat speech. He likened himself to the Old Man of the Mountains, in a few brief allusions, that made the company absolutely yell with laughter; and he concluded with giving the health of Mr.

Von Hammer, with many thanks to him for his learned History of the Old Man and his subjects the assassins. Upon this I rose and said, that doubtless most of the company were aware of the distinguished place. You all know what consideration Williams bestowed on the hammer, or the ship carpenter's mallet, which is the same thing.

Gentlemen, I give you another great hammer - Charles the Hammer, the Marteau, or, in old French, the Martel - he hammered the Saracens till they were all as dead as door-nails — he did, believe me. The orchestra was again challenged with shouts the stormiest for the new glee. I made again a powerful effort to overrule the challenge. I might as well have talked to the winds.

I foresaw a tempestuous evening; and I ordered myself to be strengthened with three waiters on each side; the vice-president with as many. Symptoms of unruly enthusiasm were beginning to show out; and I own that I myself was considerably. Particularly Toad-in-the-hole, though considerably above a hundred years old, was getting as vicious as a young leopard.

It was a fixed impression with the company that he had murdered the reporter in the year ; since which time viz. I enjoined vigilance upon my assessors, and the business of the evening proceeded. The next toast was - The Jewish Sicarii.

Upon which I made the following explanation to the company: -' Gentlemen, I am sure it will interest you all to hear that the assassins, ancient as they were, had a race of predecessors in the very same country. All over Syria, but particularly in Palestine, during the early years of the Emperor Nero, there was a band of murderers, who prosecuted their studies in a very novel manner.

They did not practise in the night-time, or in lonely places; but justly considering that great. They murdered him, gentlemen, as beautifully as if they had had him alone on a moonless night in a dark lane. And when it was asked, who was the murderer, and where he was' -' Why, then, it was answered,' interrupted Toad-inthe-hole,' Non est inventus. Et responsum est ab omnibus - Non est inventus. This is what he says -' They tooled with small scymetars not much different from the Persian acinacca, but more curved, and for all the world most like the Roman sickles or sicce.

Perhaps the only case on record where a regular army of murderers was assembled, a justus exercitus, was in the case. They mustered in such strength in the wilderness, that Festus himself was obliged to march against them with the Roman legionary force.

Heavens, gentlemen, what a sublime picture! The Roman legions -the wilderness - Jerusalem in the distance —an army of murderers in the foreground! HIe made an interesting extract from the report, by which it appeared how very much stress had been laid formerly on the mode of tooling, by the fathers, both Greek and Latin. In confirmation of this pleasing fact, he made a very striking statement in reference to the earliest work of antediluvian art.

Father Mersenne, that learned Roman Catholic, in page one thousand four hundred and thirty-one' of his operose Commentary on Genesis, mentions, on the authority of several rabbis, that the quarrel of Cain with Abel was about a young woman; that, by various accounts, Cain had tooled with his teeth, [Abelem fuisse morsibus dilaceratum a Cain;] 1 Page one thousand four hundred and thirty-one' —literally, good reader, and no joke at all.

But it is pleasing to the mind of sensibility to know that, as science expanded, sounder views were adopted. Kaid also speaks about the opportunity to arise from COVID with a different approach to transportation and the environment.

Susan unpacks the connection between transportation pollution and human health. While transportation releases greenhouse gases into our environment, these pollutants also impact our bodies. With transportation as the leader in pollution, we have seen increased problems with asthma, heart disease, obesity, malaria and even Lyme disease. We also miss out on health benefits when our cities are built around cars, such as biking, walking. Susan reminds the listeners that the communities who are most vulnerable and susceptible to these health conditions, are often those who contribute less to the transportation pollution, thus they are left with all the health consequences and without a voice.

Susan closes by speaking about the impact of COVID and the increased car crashes as a result of reckless driving, and cautions listeners to be careful on the roads. Nigel Sizer of Rainforest Alliance, and Dr. Rainforest Alliance is deeply involved with sustainable agriculture and farming because the biggest threat to tropical rainforests and deforestation is non-sustainable agricultural practices. Rainforest Alliance has become an expert in the agricultural supply chain and are very involved in bananas, cocoa, coffee, tea and vegetable crops.

They have certified these crops and aided in reducing water pollution, deforestation, irresponsible resource use, and increased the sustainability, equitable treatment and fair pay for agricultural workers. In regard to agriculture in general, Dr. Sizer reminds us we need to responsibly produce and use food as populations and consumption grows.

Sizer also speaks about the connection between human health, planetary health and meat farming. Overall, it is far better for our bodies and the planet to conserve less red-meat if we are properly nourished. Sizer closes by defining AgroForestry and the incredible benefits. Joe Masabni speaks about the importance of vegetables in our diet, in order to live healthy lifestyles in healthy bodies. With this in mind, Dr. Masabni talks about striking the balance between feeding our people, and sustaining the health of our land and water.

Masabni also explains the different sustainable options for urban agriculture, which is on the rise. Additionally, he speaks about gardening at home, especially during this pandemic and shares the secrets of home gardening, healthy soil tips, and local resources.

Ian Leahy discusses the year history of American Forests, a rich history that began with a group of activists institutionalizing the conservation movement, John Muir founding the Sierra Club, and Gifford Pinchot spear heading the forest service. A history that no doubt, highlights the community support of our forests.

Ian specializes in Urban Forests, defined forests near anywhere populations have settled in sizable numbers. One local example of this is the Trinity forest in Dallas. Patrick Shults provides insight into forest stewardship and the education he provides to small forest owners in WA State.

Patrick notes that forest health is, and must be, the main goal of every forest landowner. While timber is a part of landowning, small forest landowners are in it for the lifestyle of living in the woods, providing wildlife habitat, and being stewards of the forest. Patrick reminds listeners that there is a symbiotic relationship between humans and forests. Liz notes that forest health contributes to higher physical activity, improved mental well-being, addiction treatment, improved memory, and lung function and reduces blood pressure, pulse rate, muscle tension, cortisol levels, obesity, heart-disease and type two diabetes.

Liz introduces her Active Forests research study. In this study she has found some incredible increases in residents visiting forests for physical activity, and in turn also experiencing incredible stress relief. Liz closes by reminding listeners than forests are a community space which facilitate healing, teamwork, and exploration for all who gather in them. Shyla speaks about climate change and how caring for our planet helps to facilitate natures powerful ability to heal under the right circumstances.

In our daily lives we make a series of decisions, how we get to work, what we buy, what companies we support. These decisions all inform the size and impact of our ecological footprints. If we can better understand our decisions we can consciously reduce our footprints and help our planet to heal. However, there is a temporary opportunity in COVID to make longer term systemic change as we rebuild our economy with green jobs.

Shyla also shares insight from the communities she works with worldwide and details the differences between the ecological footprint in developing and developed nations. Maria details her in depth research on reducing our ecological footprint by moving to tiny homes. She reminds us that while we may not be involved in her study, there are many footprint calculators available for people to understand the impact of their lifestyle.

In regard to improved health, many participants shared their financial freedom, decreased home upkeep and increased time to spend with family, pursue hobbies, and improved mental health. Maria also notes a strong sense of community within tiny home dwellers - in physical and virtual communities alike.

With partners, on state and federal levels, Leave No Trace, promotes the LNT principals in all outdoor activities. They work to educate communities in schools, tourism, non-profits and beyond reaching nearly 15 million people. Ben details some of the biggest threats to our public lands including, human waste, campfires leading to wildfires, and litter.

All of these polluters also impact human health - mental and physical. LNT advocates for giving back, volunteering in parks and protected areas to truly understand how these shared spaces work and become part of the solution. John Bunker Sands Wetlands is one of the Dallas Metroplex premiere nature areas, with an incredible impact on local wildlife and ecosystems.

JBS Wetlands is in partnership with North Texas Municipal Water District and provides clean drinking water, and an incredible opportunity for education for students and parents about water conservation and filtration. JBS Wetlands also manages invasive plant species, to preserve habitat for the wildlife.

The need for wetlands is high, not only to protect local wildlife, but to provide water for humans during the frequent droughts in Texas. John DeFillipo advises listeners to make a positive impact by gaining conservation literacy - truly understanding where their water comes from and how the water supplies can be used. Natural spaces, most pointedly our National Parks, are the cornerstones of our health and wellbeing.

The NPS has a longstanding mission of protecting and promoting human health. National Parks were established to provide all people access to outdoor recreation, clean water and clean air. Not only does the NPS ensure health for its' visitors, but also for its' employees and the land. The Healthy Parks Healthy People Program is working partnership with doctors to prescribe time in parks as medicine.

Diana reminds our listeners that the people who are most vulnerable to COVID, those suffering from underlying health conditions, are those who would benefit most from this prescription of recreating responsibly in nearby nature spaces to manage conditions like pre-diabetes and beyond. Aired May 2nd Amanda and Jason speak about the many opportunities we have to increase sustainability within our communities - from food security, water safety, building development and affordable housing, to transportation walkability within our urban and suburban communities.

We have a unique opportunity within this pandemic to evolve. During the pandemic we have safer streets, less car accidents, and less air pollution. Looking toward the future we have the opportunity to implement slow streets, promoting more physical activity and local business growth, as well as equitable and accessible communities. Manal joins the show with incredible insight from firsthand work with marginalized and under-resourced communities around the world, including Columbian cities where Manal worked to make policy change to create safe, sustainable and healthy communities.

There has been a change in policy to change eviction laws during COVID that has highlighted the changes that can be made to support and create sustainability in our communities as a whole. When we focus on human health in our communities, the Prevention Institute has worked at the federal level to advocate behind the scenes for millions of dollars to go into programs that support communities directly to implement healthy school foods, increase green space and playgrounds in neighborhoods.

We have a great opportunity moving forward to focus on connected and healthy communities and physically distance, rather than socially distance. Thank you to our sponsors who can be found at: nadallas. Aired April 25th Shawn Messonnier from Paws and Claws Animal Hospital to make the connection between the health of our pets and wildlife, the health of our planet and the health of our own bodies.

Nikhil explains how natural ecosystem services, such as fresh water, pollination, soil health, etc. Thus, it is imperative for us to protect nature and wildlife. Wildlife is an vital part of our natural ecosystems. In regard to the built environment, there is a huge impact on wildlife around the world.

In developing countries, cities are growing and connecting by roads and this drives wildlife out, interrupts their migration and their health as a whole. To care for a wildlife, we must reduce our consumption and be more responsible in our development. Shawn, speaks about the impacts of the built environment on our beloved pets.

Everything from where we walk our pets, the beds they sleep on, the food we feed them, and the medicines and vaccinations we give them play a part in polluting their built environments and body and lead to serious health issues such as cancer, asthma and allergies. Moreover, the exact same toxins mold, chemicals leached into soil and grass that our pets are exposed to can be spread to our bodies and vise versa. Shawn offers safe and natural alternatives to care for your pets, such as, doing blood tests before vaccines, CBD oil, being involved and observant pet parents, herbal and homeopathic detoxification, and general supplements for pet health.

Lana explains the spanning network that is Zero Hour, with 20 national branches and 30 more internationally, all with a goal of climate justice around the world. Zero hour focuses on holding big business accountable for climate change and enacting change. Lana focuses on food justice and the connection to climate change, and the need for equitable food and plant based diets. Lana also connects the climate crisis with systems of oppressions such as: colonialism, racism and patriarchy.

Aaryaman shares his personal experience with climate change and his incredible passion that led him to a move from a full-time paid position at Groundwork Dallas to spearheading The Sunrise Movement Dallas branch, as a volunteer. He goes on to speak about a world where we can walk to buy local produce, take an electric bus to work, and see families outdoors together; bringing this type of life to people around the country is Sunrise Movements goal. Learn more at Sunrisedallas.

Brittany, explains the importance of the Climate Council in Dallas. The purpose of CECAP is to be a comprehensive plan to not only mitigate emissions, but moreover adapt infrastructure by electrifying transportation fleets, and improve quality of life with access to healthy food and nearby parks and outdoor space.

Stephanie McCarter, M. Tang Gim Lee, Ph. At a time of sheltering in place we all want to ensure the healthiest homes with the cleanest possible air and most peaceful environments. Learn how to make small changes today and big changes in the future to live your healthiest life, in a healthier home, on a healthier planet.

McCarter shares insight about her safe haven home. From mold issues, paint, carpet, varnishes, cleaning products, pesticides and scented candles, the air quality in your home matters and is impacted by multiple factors -- a new home is not always the best option.

McCarter recommends using the app Plume to track the particulate matter in the air around you to ensure your environment is safe. She also cautions that air filters in your home are essential, especially in highly populated and urbanized neighborhoods. Lee speaks about clean and green building strategies.

Lee dives deep into the way we outfit our homes, meaning, carpeting, wood flooring, and the glue that is used to hold everything together. Lee also discusses the best kinds of vacuum cleaners to use in your homes. Moreover, Dr. Lee reminds us that we are all unique individuals, healthy homes look different from one person to another, we must build with materials that make our own unique bodies feel good.

Last but not least, Dr. Lee reminds our listeners to get fresh air, eliminate the dust in your environment, and remove off-gassing objects for a healthier home today! Finally, Dr. Aired April 4th As we shelter in place and spend even more time indoors Dr. Not only do we spend our time indoors, we bring our comforts inside as well, from furniture, to toys and electronics.

Our buildings, furnishings and entertainment materials impact our built environment and contribute to serious pollution and toxic leaching. From flame retardant furniture to lead paint, the list goes on. Wang shares her personal experience making her home healthy and the journey of researching to truly find out what is in our products and building materials.

While we may not all be able to build our homes from scratch, we can make better choices in our products, choose better pots and pans, glass and stainless steal food storage, and body safe cleaning products beware of fragranced cleaning products.

Amy King speaks about healthy workplaces. Co-working spaces are shared work places for entrepreneurs. But there is hope, businesses and their employees can make change, by advocating for their health, and pursuing local green building rating systems to access their workspaces and make change.

The most common groundwater pollutant is Perchloroethylene which can cause anything from skin irritation, all the way to cancer. To personally reduce pollution, make sure you have licensed professionals install your septic and dispose of your waste properly. Water conservation is Texas, and of course around the world is essential. In Texas, surface water belongs to the state, while groundwater belongs to individual landowners, and so the municipal water district and individuals must come together to preserve and protect the finite resource of water.

How exactly are we impacting our own health, and the health of our future generations when we neglect the care of our oceans and waterways? Scott Meschke, Associate Chair in the Department of Environment and Occupational Health Sciences at the University of Washington, will break it all down for you in the special health focused episode.

Join these special experts, as they unpack waterborne illnesses, pathogens, unsafe drinking and recreation water, chemical pollution, red tide, and beyond. There is a deep connection between oceans and human health. This connection is seen in many ways, but largely through the seafood we delight in eating.

Stegemen explores the risks of eating contaminated seafood on our bodies, minds and lives. Meschke educates us about the different waterborne pathogens, and viruses present in our shower's water vapor, drinking water and even food rinse-water. Waterkeepers and the Boone Family Foundation both take a special interest in keeping the Urban Waters of their homelands clean, healthy, and advocated for.

Fred Tutman speaks about the cycle of clean up on the Patuxent River, from restoration, to re-pollution and back again. With a water rating of a D-. In parts of the river there are flesh-eating bacterias running rampant in the summer.

Even with these health risks in mind, the state has no clear plan in place to maintain river health. These potential human health risks are very real, and Fred knows that if we care about our bodies, we MUST care about over rivers. This is non-negotiable.

Garrett Boone, speaks about his connection to the Trinity River System, the garbage build up from the suburbs, homeless encampments and freeway traffic pollution. Garrett has partnered with Groundwork to lead Kayak pick ups, ecoli-testing, and river management.

Jill Jedlicka reminds us that Urban rivers and waterways can have a bad reputation for pollution, but we must reflect on ourselves and what we do to contribute to this pollution. Listen to the incredible conversation that unfolds between these three, passionate, involved and knowledgable experts.

J Nichlos of BlueMind. Greenpeace fights for policy change in our waterways, from plastic pollution to ocean sanctuaries they dive in and enact change at the highest level. Kate Melges speaks to the devastating plastic pollution in our oceans, impacting our ecosystem health, our marine life health and the health of our own bodies.

From hormone disruption to bellies littered with plastic, she covers it all. Arlo Hemphill, is actively working on enacting serious change at the UN conference coming up this month, where he is fighting for ocean protection in the form of ocean sanctuaries. International waters currently have no way of being protected, and new legislation would allow for protection, marine life healing, ecosystem rehabilitation and overall renewed ocean, and in turn, human health.

J Wallace, the author of Blue Mind, speaks about our bodies inherent connection to water, the healing impacts spending time around water, or listening to water sounds, has on our immune systems. Carol Dollard addresses the engineering of Wind Turbines, the importance of renewable green energy, and reducing our carbon footprint in big business and large universities like STARS platinum ranked CO State University. Jenna Riemenschneider connections human health wind energy; from the amount of allergy and asthma related deaths increasing in recent years, to the disproportionate impact of asthma and allergies on minority and lower income groups, and the true public health crisis of climate change.

Listen to this special episode, featuring three incredible experts, and take another step towards renewable energy, a healthier planet and a healthier YOU. In this special episode Hayhoe addresses climate-deniers, clean energy, and faith. However, the richest corporations in the world are currently being subsidized by the tax payer to keep the cost of fossil fuels low.

Many people think that clean energy is being subsidized because of the rebates we receive when we purchase electric vehicles. The bad news about our current energy sectors, , people day in the USA alone from air pollution, chemicals and dangerous pollutants leach into our streams and waterways and soil every day from the fossil fuel industry causes endless health risks.

Energy and fuel are straightforward ways to implement clean energy. Other spheres are more complicated, but with a mix of new clean energy technology we can tackle all our energy sectors. We must come together on what we already care about, may it be our faith, our jobs or our health, to connect the dots to climate action. Hayhoe references her incredible Youtube series Global Weirding, watch her series on nadallas. These include: asthma, pre-mature birth, stroke, cardiovascular, Alzheimer's, Aspergers, etc.

Additionally breaks down the problematic nature and negative health impacts of natural gas named by some as a clean energy. Jonathan closes with a lighter topic of the benefit of switching to solar. There are greater health benefits in areas already high in pollution and population; this is where we must focus first to make the greatest impact. In segment 2 Karl promotes solar as a huge opportunity.

Solar is now more accessible, falling in price rapidly. Using solar energy on a renewable cycle, on a daily basis through photo-voltaic panels, and converting sunlight into electricity is where the shift happens. You can even size your solar panels and setup for your households energy needs.

There are many avenues for solar, including pollinator and wildlife safe solar farms, solar on top of landfills, community solar projects and group cooperatives. With abundant opportunity, lowering cost and rising availability, solar should only become for viable for lower income populations who can benefit from the consistent and fixed bill every month and the lowered risk of climate related health issues, which they are impacted by at higher rates.

To promote the switch to clean energy individuals can: join a group of activists, contact utility customer service and advocate for solar, speak up at community meetings, talk to officials and make informed votes. Experts Justin Kenardy, Philip Stewart and Christine Hosking from Queensland University in Brisbane all share their unique knowledge about the impact on flora and fauna, fire prevention and the aftercare of trauma inducing events such as wildfire on children, adults and communities as a whole.

Hosking highlights the massive loss of habitat for Australian wildlife as a result of development and agriculture, now further amplified by the fires in New South Whales has led to mass extinction. Additionally she speaks to the decrease of biodiversity - a biodiversity that human health relies upon, as it balances our planet fresh air, crops, fresh water.

Professor Stewart speaks about the build up of fuel in our environment and eco-systems, made more severe by climate change, which has led to these massive and uncontrolled burns. Professor Kenardy speaks about the short term and long term impact of the trauma of wildfires and natural disasters. He considers the immediate impact of disaster on people who experience PTSD and amplified anxiety, and the later long term effects on those who do not fully recover, of depressions, poor self-care, and even changes in cardiovascular health.

He also considers the separate issue of eco-anxiety. Finally, we look into a strong sense of community and resilience that can emerge when communities come together to heal. Sharon Beard of NIEHS speaks about the risk factors of hurricanes and storms, and addresses the communities at the greatest risk. The DERT program provides training to workers who respond to disaster relief to decrease those risk factors.

The environmental career worker training program is specialized to train workers who live and work in communities with high environmental risk, natural disasters and pollution. The immediate risk factors on the ground are, entering unsafe and structurally damaged homes, mold contamination, electrical issues and water pollution. Patrick Harris of The University of Queensland speaks specifically about the significant health impacts of storms and flooding.

Great influx of melioidosis disease spikes after rainfall in tropical climates such as Australia, Thailand, and Vietnam. The presenting factors of melioidosis are septic shock, brain and liver abscesses, bone and joint problems, skin abscesses. The direct impacts of floods according to Dr. Harris are drowning, debris injury, carbon monoxide poisoning.

Infectious complications roll in a week to two weeks later, such as soft tissue infections, many of which are antibiotic resistant opportunistic pathogens. There are huge spikes in gastroenteritis from contaminated drinking water.

Last but not least, floods greatly impact mental health, prescriptions for antidepressants shoot up. The economic, social, health and environmental impacts of drought are spanning. From mental health to asthma, and food security to clean drinking water and even job security, drought impacts us in all facets of our lives.

Brad Pugh tells us more about NOAA, the agency in charge of monitoring and reporting the US weather to aid citizens in preparing for climate impacts. Each month, NOAA does a monthly climate call for the local and national media to spread essential awareness about extreme weather and drought.

When drought arises there is a significant impact to our mental health. To counteract drought, stay informed, minimize your water use and utilize drought trackers. The greenhouse effect is causing our temperatures to increase, our rainfall to change and our drought to increase. In fact, last year was the 2nd warmest year on record. These climate changes cause the standing drought to worsen. In the drought, one hundred million trees died in Texas — the socioeconomic and environmental impacts were massive, in multiple billions of dollars.

To combat drought in Texas Dr. McCarl suggests taking more public transit, using more efficient cooking and heating systems, better sustainable care of the land and trees, and reducing intake of beef. In the first episode of our extreme weather segment, we focus on extreme heat. Extreme heat adversely impacts our health, from increased respiratory and heart diseases, to heat stroke and heat stress.

While extreme heat is prevalent around the world heat waves are qualified differently depending on where you live. In cities extreme heat is becoming a major issue, as the population raises and the concrete jungles expand the heat risks multiply. When we move more blood to our skin to sweat our heart and lungs are further stressed causing serious health risk. Moreover, our mental health is negatively impacted during extreme heat, from aggravated mental health conditions, to elevated crime during heat waves the human body cannot handle extreme heat waves, just as the planet cannot either.

In this Bonus episode, two local Dallas companies come together to give the audience incredible information, education and resources to live less wasteful lives. Listen to Lauren and Wes speak about the process of composting, layering your greens and browns, and the health benefits of turning your waste into compost.

Giving Hope Traction is their mission and they are doing a fantastic job. Creating shoes from old tires, they do an excellent service to reusing, and repurposing material that would otherwise go straight to the landfill and cause hazardous waste. Enjoy this bonus episode and move one step closer to zero waste.

Landfills deeply impact our health and wellness. Landfills are places on land where we put our garbage and other toxic chemicals to keep them out of our environment, but not surprisingly they find their way back into our environment and our bodies. Waste in landfills does not always, in fact often, decompose and as a result produces a huge amount of methane emissions. The USA has the highest methane emissions from landfills. So needless to say, this is not a small problem.

Landfills negatively impact our health: asthma, eye, throat and lung irritation, nausea, headaches and toxic chemical inhalation and may impact cancer, diabetes, and even autism. Listen in with expert Kirstie Pecci to unpack what it truly happening in our landfills: plastic barriers breaking down, lacking regulations, the dangerous orderless methane gasses, and leachate and contaminated groundwater.

Join Dr. William Suk and Dr. Elizabeth Seymour for this impactful episode about toxic and hazardous waste RX prescriptions, electronics, batteries, factory waste, mercury, lead etc. Suk, from NIH, expert in environmental exposures, explores the numerous chemicals we are exposed to throughout our lifetime.

One of these chemicals is arsenic, which tests in high quantities in the human body. Exposure to arsenic is most common near mines or in mining towns, but also occurs naturally in the earth and can be found in ground water well water in Maine and Vermont. Arsenic is also found in our daily products, such as our food particularly our rice in the USA and in lightening and whitening beauty products.

Arsenic exposure has serious cardiovascular repercussions, can cause diabetes, and birth defects in fetuses exposed before birth. Emily Seymour, from the Environmental Health Center of Dallas reminds us that there are many tests to dig deeper under the surface of your symptoms.

Simply because you enter a doctors office with fatigue does not mean you are anemic, you may have toxin exposures you aren't aware of, and you can take control of your health and connect with environmental health doctors like Dr. Seymour to treat your whole body, not just your symptoms. Much of our exposure is unsurprisingly pesticide exposure, as well as heavy metal, RX prescription toxin exposure in our drinking water.

While you may not immediately show symptoms of toxic exposure the effects are longterm and catastrophic. Seymour offers some important alternatives to stay away from pesticide, RX prescription and other toxic exposure. Learn about E-Waste, one of the most overlooked epidemics in our society today.

Every year million tons of electronic waste is created. With computers, cell-phones and tablets being created, purchased and promptly thrown into landfills, it is the number one fastest growing waste form in our society. By recycling our electronic products we can create recycled energy, eliminate toxic e-waste that is currently polluting our soil, air, water and in turn our bodies. Hear from Professor Lucy McAllister, a specialist in e-waste research.

She knows we all love our cell-phones and live in a world that is now based around technology, however, she has incredible insight on how to shift our relationship with electronics and e-waste. We are upgrading our electronics at unsustainable rates, with of chemicals going into production causing serious harm to our bodies and the environment. Also hear from Dr. Chen about the hazardous impacts of e-waste on our bodies; from exposure for workers inhalation, and skin exposure , to exposure for residents who live in E-Waste recycling zones air, food, and water.

Furthermore, on a daily basis American citizens are exposed to e-waste toxins through air exposure and contamination in our food. There are adverse health impacts on the body, birth defects, pre-mature birth, cognitive dysfunction, DNA damage. Cancer-risk, respiratory and cardio vascular studies are all suspected and require further long term studies.

Overconsumption is escalating in our world, particularly in the USA. Hear from Chris about the disconnect we have as humans between our products, the environment and our health. Learn about the massive waste produced by the fashion industry and sustainable alternative choices we can make instead.

Additionally, hear some hard hitting examples to understand just how we are over-consuming our earth each day. Ina Petersen speaks with host Bernice Butler in the second segment of the episode. Hear from her about a new spin on festivals. In a world where waste is accelerating, music and art festivals are a huge leader in waste.

Learn from Ina how important sustainable festivals and events are in a world being consumed by waste every day. In the world of plastic pollution all roads really do lead to the PPC, they are a global organization with partners in healthcare, education, science, activism and even art. They are beautiful of example of coming together to understand and eliminate single-use plastic. Better understand the way that plastic breaks down in our world and our bodies and the adverse effect is has during its long-lasting lifecycle longer than a human lifecycle.

Moreover, understand what is at stake for ourselves, our children and our unborn babies. We come into constant contact with plastic everyday and this is exposure is directly related to breast cancer, brain cancer, prostate cancer, infertility, low sex-drive, diabetes, and obesity. While there are some things we cannot control, plastic pollution is a very controllable issue. Learn how Dianna and Emily implore our listeners to make small changes on a daily basis to eliminate single use plastic.

Learn More about PPC and make change by clicking the links below:. Link to join Plastic Pollution Coalition. Link to sign our petition to Amazon. Link to Plastic Entanglements Art Exhibit. Did you know plastic accumulation builds up in your body and causes serious ailments and illnesses? Have you ever heard from a health expert about the ways to eliminate your contact with plastic and heal your body?

Have you ever spoken with an expert who has seen the lifecycle of plastic firsthand, from the beginning stages, to visiting the end of the line countries plastic accumulates in? Featuring two incredible youth activists Lilly Platt and Danny Eisawy. Lilly was recently awarded Young Activist of the Year Award Lilly sheds light on plastic pollution and unique strategies to combat it and bring together a network through social media.

Danny, founded Litter Kickers at the age of 9, was part of a campaign that successfully managed to save a local tree from being felled, leads climate strikes at his school, and has started a growing network of litter pick ups. Danny speaks about his global litter-picking initiatives, protest leadership and wildlife protection.

Ocean Guardians founder, NoStrawNovember creator, and 18 year old student at UC Berkley, speaks about educating our population, especially our youth, on plastic pollution through her work. Moreover, Shelby explains the negative impacts of plastic pollution and the importance of getting involved in changing policy in regard to pollution and climate change. Shelby proves that one voice can make huge waves, she has eliminated over 32 million single use plastic straws per year, on Delta Airlines, Alaska Airlines and many others.

Lafferty explains the impacts of plastics on our hormones. Learn about the hidden micro-plastics in our daily products detergents, products, food supply. Jeffrey speaks about changing the habits of texans one door, and one person at a time.

They are a ground up organization who work to pass state wide legislation on climate change and pollution, enact curb side recycling and composting, and eliminate single-use bag banning, to name a few. Also learn about the negative health impacts of the build up of micro-plastics in our environment.

Aired Live October 26th Dr. Our world's temperatures are predicted to raise degrees over the coming decades. Heat is intrinsically related to health. Learn about the motion Juanita and Kim have worked on to advocate for workers rights related to heat. Better understand the economic burden of raising temperatures for workers who do not have PTO and cannot access their jobs because of heat related natural disasters, and the high cost of emergency health care and services for heat related natural disaster.

Also hear from earthXfilm president and co-creator Michael Cain about the incredible movement through film to sensitive, educate and change people's hearts and minds about the importance of climate change and the environment. Through earthXfilm Dallas is slowly becoming greener and more environmentally aware and active.

Aired live October 19th Featuring guests Dr. Bonnie Jacobs and Dr. Stephanie McCarter. Explore how climate change impacts plant growth and the health of our planet and people with Paleo Botanist Dr. Bonnie Jacobs. Moreover, understand the climate of past civilizations using plant fossils. Aired live October 12th Andrew Dessler and Dr. Alfred Johnson.

Explore the impact human activity has on climate change. Andrew Dessler, professor of Atmospheric Sciences, helps unpack human's impact on climate by sharing his research on water vapor. Not only do human's impact the environment, the environment impacts humans. Listen to Dr. Johnson speak with host Bernice Butler about the unbreakable bond between human health and environmental health as he discusses gut health and body wellness.

Aired live October 5th , featuring guests Dr. Matt Fitzpatrick and Dr. Jeffrey Demain.

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